What method are you going to use to discern truth from now on?

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  1. profile image0
    threekeysposted 5 years ago

    I listened to a australian authour give a speech within the last 24 hours. While I found his monotone voice making me want to walk away a few things he said stuck with me. Surprisingly he and I shared a similar outlook on a number of issues, which was comforting to me to see that I am not alone in my views.
    While I cannot go into everything he comented on. These two things I want to mention and open up a discussion. It may have been already covered but....
    He spoke about Cambridge Analytica. All the research going into the mind we a ofering free informaiton for authourities to "get inside our heads" via psychological profiles via facebook and all social media sites. Using this information not to "persuade" usanymore but to get to know our deepest deepest fears and "manipulate" us based on those most hidden fears.
    The authour mentoined this, which was a huge distinction for me."Lies are quick to come and the truth is slow to rise.But once you hear the truth you know instinctively its right."
    Also, propaganda is about dissemintating lies (that is, information that only needs to sound believable, its not true, but just needs to sound believable=propaganda)
    This is what happened in your last election process.
    So, how are you personally going to discern what is the truth and what is propaganda? Are you going to continue with Facebook?

    1. profile image0
      ahorsebackposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      I find it really pretty  hilarious  that many are seriously considering that Face -Book  actually WAS  a reliable source of any kind of news media what -so -ever .  The title here really speaks entire volumes and  shines a bright light on the strange phenomena  that you actually DID get your "truth" from there, really  ? What that tells me about  today's social media fed mass youth hysteria , is that it's no surprise so many of you bought it lock, stock and barrel ?

      1. mrpopo profile image68
        mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

        I 100% agree with you here. I hesitate in taking news from reputable organizations at face-value, let alone posts on Facebook.

        I'm finding that more and more you have to do the research yourself. It's more work, but you get a much better picture.

        1. profile image0
          promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

          One of the most important goals in modern propaganda is getting people to distrust everyone and everything except for one authoritarian source.

          1. mrpopo profile image68
            mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

            Interesting. I don't typically care for the source of my information - I'll listen to anyone, but with a healthy dose of skepticism.

            If you're suggesting my general distrust makes me prone to trusting an authoritarian source, I'd like to know how they'd succeed. Do you have any examples in mind?

            1. profile image0
              promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

              I did not say and I'm not suggesting at all that you personally are prone to trusting an authoritarian source. I'm simply saying it's a goal of propaganda.

              1. mrpopo profile image68
                mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                Fair enough, and I didn't mean to accuse you of that suggestion (not that I'm offended by it or anything) - it was just something that came to mind.

    2. profile image0
      promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      People lose trust in "the media" because "the media" has broadened into such a wide array of possibilities -- including blogs and social media -- that the term doesn't mean diddly anymore.

      Newspapers (and their websites) follow certain rules because they get sued if they don't. Blogs, social media and cable news don't follow those rules. People who mix all of them together are misunderstanding how they all work.

      No newspaper is perfect. But good newspapers fact check thoroughly. If they don't, they can lose millions of dollars in a single lawsuit.

      1. profile image0
        threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

        That's clarifying.
        So if anything follow the newspapers? But it could it be if you had a monopoly over newspapers (e.g. once upon a time Rupert Murdoch) you could influence the slant of stories via your chosen view. Together with the help of media lawyers  Owners of newspapers can walk the fine line between truth and propaganda (what is believable?)

        1. profile image0
          promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

          There is an important difference between the news section of the paper and the editorial page. Publishers and newspaper owners often will influence the editorial page in one direction or another.

          They have little influence over the news content for a simple reason. News stories often get written and published so quickly that there is no time to send one up the ladder and back down again.

          I will say it's important to track news from multiple sources, starting with the most credible newspapers. And again, no newspaper article is perfect because they are written and edited by imperfect human beings.

          Also, some newspapers are garbage, like the National Enquirer. If you want to know which ones have the highest standards, check out the Pulitzer Prizes.


          1. profile image0
            threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

            I will. Thankyou promisem

      2. mrpopo profile image68
        mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

        Do you have any evidence of that? My hunch is that there is more at play than just misunderstanding the function of social media.

        According to Pew Polls only 5% of American adults have a high trust in social media, even though 18% of American adults get their news often from social media. For comparison, national news orgs and local news are highly trusted by 20% and 25% of American adults, respectively. At best it's a small minority that conflates social media with actual news sources, and this will vary depending on the social media they're consuming - only 14% of Vine users get news from the site, compared to 70% of Reddit users.

        Overall, most US adults don't seem to be under any delusions about the function and reputability of news from social media.

        1. profile image0
          promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

          You are opening the door to a massively complicated discussion about media. For example, that 18% of people who get their news from social media often get it from newspaper Facebook pages. I know because I managed newspaper social media accounts with hundreds of thousands of followers during my career.

          You end up with wildly varying levels of trust depending on which Facebook page that people follow.

          If you break down the trust numbers from Pew and other sources, you'll find that "national news orgs" often don't differentiate between newspapers and news channels.

          The trust numbers also are remarkably different among political affiliations. Even more telling, trust in all media by Republican voters started diving deeply after the arrival of Fox News.

          During nearly 4 decades in the media business, I can't recall meeting anyone who knew that newspapers and TV stations follow very different rules in their reporting.

          I'll add that Reddit, which I use, is a much different animal because it is simply a list of links to outside media sources. Unlike newspapers, there is no control over what gets posted. It goes to my point that "the media" is so broad anymore that it's almost a meaningless term.

          Maybe we should narrow this down to more specific issues.

          1. mrpopo profile image68
            mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

            My issue was specific - where is the evidence that people are misunderstanding social media to the point where they conflate "the media" with a random blog on the internet? And that this is responsible for the lowered trust in media?

            As I pointed out, only 5% trust social media vs. 20% trusting national news orgs, so clearly people are capable of distinguishing the two. We can differentiate between newspapers and news channels if you like, but I don't see either having as low a trust as 5%, so it seems to be a moot point.

            And yes, their trust will vary depending on the Facebook page (newspaper or otherwise). That just lends further credence to the point that most people do not blindly conflate every source of news as "the media" - they categorize them based on differing levels of trust.

            I have not heard of any Reddit user that thinks Reddit is part of "the media." Reddit is a site for, among other things, news aggregation and discussion. It should not be seen as a newspaper. Why should there be any controls over what news get aggregated and discussed? Is there control over what newspapers I should buy and collect, or what I am allowed to discuss at the dinner table?

            I can understand a conflation between newspapers and TV stations, but not newspapers and Reddit. For what it's worth, I didn't know the difference until you pointed it out, but I classified newspapers as one step above TV stations just from observing the different standards of reporting.

            1. profile image0
              promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

              I think I'm trying to say your specific issue is broader than it appears.

              Pew research actually shows 34% trust social media "a lot" or "some". That 5% number only refers to "a lot". The 34% total is about 47 million people in the U.S., and I believe it supports my origial point. It also explains why Cambridge Analytica and other companies were so determined to steal personal data for tens of millions of people and use it during the election.

              I acknowlege your point that many people distinguish the credibility of Facebook information in general from Washington Post articles. But the research shows that millions more don't distinguish between the two.

              Regarding Reddit, you correctly describe it as a "news aggregation" site. Yes, it is not a newspaper. It does not publish news articles, but it distributes news headlines. Its purpose is media sharing. I think most journalists and online professionals I know would agree it's a media site.

              1. mrpopo profile image68
                mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                I made a point to specify "high trust" in my first post but neglected that on the second. Oops. But yes, the 5% is only a lot, and 33% is "some" or "a lot". As skeptical as I can be, even I trust "some" of the news that I find on Facebook. It's not as indicative of blind trust as the "a lot" group.

                For comparison, 72% trust national news orgs as "some" or "a lot" and 85% trust local news orgs.

                Or to put it another way, 63% of people don't trust social media at all. Only 28% don't trust national news orgs and 15% for local news orgs.

                I think the biggest reason Cambridge Analytica (and Facebook itself, for that matter) is not because people inherently trust social media (63% don't), but rather how often they use it. It may be that over time, and with carefully tailored news, people would begin to trust it more blindly because it appeals to their preconceptions of the world. As of right now, I don't think that's the case, but it's certainly a possibility.

                I agree that it's a media site, I just wouldn't classify it as part of "the media." That term has the implication of classical or mainstream news media, in my mind at least. I'm not sure if I'd classify Reddit as part of alternative media either, unless we're willing to classify discussion boards as part of alternative media.

                I will say that there may be more conflation of those terms than I thought and it might not be that easy to define "the media" - it helps to define what "alternative media" is as a contrast. And certainly people like Trump intentionally conflate those terms for their own benefit.

                1. ptosis profile image69
                  ptosisposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                  Excellent points. Key phrase that I picked up wad "carefully tailored news" which different term canbe used, "Online Behavioral Advertising (OBA)".

                  youtube, Google, and FB - etal all use this.

                2. profile image0
                  promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                  All valid points. I noticed "high trust" in the first post. I thought it was relevant to point out the number of people who trust social media at least "some".

                  I grant to you that a large percentage of people either don't trust social media and / or distinguish the difference in purpose between newspapers and Facebook.

                  I hope you will grant to me that a significant percentage don't see enough difference between the two and therefore trust social media more than they should.

                  And quite a few trust newspapers less than they should. I'll add to that sentence the fact that there should be a limit to trust in any form of media. All humans and all human systems are imperfect.

                  1. mrpopo profile image68
                    mrpopoposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                    Absolutely. I think 5% having "a lot" of trust in social media is plenty significant. And like I alluded to earlier, I'm finding more and more examples of people having difficulty defining "the media" and conflating different types of media.

                    Going back to your original point, we can assume that some percentage of that 5% that highly trust social media conflate social media with reputable news organization. In other words, this is a sort of "positive" conflation - these people trust social media because they trust news organizations and think they're the same.

                    To confirm your claim, we need to find the % of "negative" conflation - that is, people who conflate reputable news organizations with social media and as a result have lower trust in news organizations. If we can find that, we can see how much of that "negative" conflation has had a negative impact in the general perception of media trust.

          2. profile image0
            threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

            Promisem with over 4 decades experience in the social media and news areas? Please take over the discussion. I opened up the discussion from a generalist point of view. For specifics? Im out of my depth but my ears prick up with Pew's findings and I have grazed Redit. How and where do you suggest to focus our discussion?

            1. profile image0
              promisemposted 5 years agoin reply to this

              ThreeKeys, I think you have done a great job of raising questions and trying to be open minded. You're the OP. I'm happy to follow your lead or discuss these questions with anyone else.

              1. profile image0
                threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

                I would encourage to take the lead of this discussion. I will then come in to contribute where I can. That would lead to a better or more informed discussion. Cheers promisem

  2. Glenis Rix profile image96
    Glenis Rixposted 5 years ago

    I cancelled my Facebook account immediately when I heard about how they use data. The internet is a powerful tool. Be careful about what you reveal about yourself and your family and friends.

    Regarding propaganda - sadly there will always be people who are susceptible. That is how tyrants gain power and how people like Hitler rose to power and still emerge in our world. Separating truth from lies is difficult. All we can do is try to stay abreast of current affairs through a broad range of media, form our opinions from facts rather than rhetoric, and act (and vote) according to our conscience.

    1. profile image0
      threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      Yes listen/read to a wide variety of news/information sources is about the best we can do. I hate the sneakiness of "propaganda". That is making stories to sound just "believable/plausible".
      We have to be mindful of not repeating history.
      I think Facebook is on their way out. They have had a really good run for a long long time.

    2. ptosis profile image69
      ptosisposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      Deleting FB does nothing. FB tracks non-users.

      "Facebook gets some data on non-users from people on its network, such as when a user uploads email addresses of friends. Other information comes from “cookies,” small files stored via a browser and used by Facebook and others to track  ... "https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-privacy-tracking/facebook-fuels-broad-privacy-debate-by-tracking-non-users-idUSKBN1HM0DR

      You can clear you history daily if use Chrome which won't allow shutting off History
      You can use Firefox  and turn the History off.
      You can use Opera and turn on the built in  VPN on it.
      You can download Tor but then the US funds 1/2 of that network so unless a router there's no hiding. With the new law you can be charged criminally just for passing encrypted packets.


      “ .. any analyst at any time can target anyone … I, sitting at my desk, certainly have the authorities to wiretap anyone — from you or your accountant, to a federal judge, to even the President. .... I can get your emails, passwords, phone records, credit cards” - Edward Snowden

      "Cross-browser fingerprinting is only the latest trick developers have come up with to track people who visit their sites. " - https://arstechnica.com/security/2017/0 … -browsers/

      1. profile image0
        threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

        Some helpful ideas and yet there seems to be no escaping the footprints.
        But if we could abstain in some way or reduce or chip away at our footprints relentlessly could that be a effective start?
        I was just thinking of the circle where while businesses and workers need each other. However if all workers didnt turn up to their job the business comes to a grinding halt-all due to a withdrawal.

  3. theraggededge profile image95
    theraggededgeposted 5 years ago

    Mine's gone. The 14 day 'think it over' period is almost done. Yay. I never used it much anyway.

    1. profile image0
      threekeysposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      Good on you, raggededge.

  4. ginajbrown31 profile image61
    ginajbrown31posted 5 years ago

    Great post, thanks for sharing. Use many of these methods and tactics myself. Personally I like focusing on back links from secure sites.Thanks for sharing this content. I have been using many of these techniques and having success with them. There are a few you mentioned that I will test out also. I’m looking forward to implementing these.

  5. profile image0
    ahorsebackposted 5 years ago

    Once there was a real need in America for media , a media of  accuracy , integrity and honesty , The left has whined for decades about free speech . Maybe it'll happen that we end up with a government run media if the free media cannot be a "truthful "one that sells it's soul to sensation and speculation .

    The United States Dept. of Media  Accuracy ?

    Which do Americans Trust the most ,today's or tomorrow's ?

  6. profile image0
    ahorsebackposted 5 years ago

    The  Russian Pravda in America today  ,likely  more trustworthy than today's combined U.S news media .   One good reason for "collusion ".

    If not a free and trustworthy media , how much worse a Pravda ?

  7. profile image0
    ahorsebackposted 5 years ago

    Just keep believing your own media ,for instance , Hillary just offered excuse number fifty seven for her corrupted election failure  ---"They were never going to let me become the president " .......anybody see how she never should have been president anyways yet the majority of news media did ?



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