I stumbled across these two videos that proclaim that thought, (rich get richer...), is a myth unsupported by factual data.
Both are conservatively biased sources. But, is their data wrong? Does the source matter if it is only the data that is considered.
Stossel's point claims that while the rich have gotten a lot richer, the poor have also gotten 32% richer - not poorer:
*click image to view
This one by a Prof. Davis speaks to the disappearing Middle Class - Yes, it has decreased, but it is because they are getting richer, not poorer. The graph in the image is hard to read, but the bars represent 10-year increments. The blue bar on the left is 1970, and the orange bar on the right is 2013
*click image to view
*graph explanation starts at about 11:15
I think they are worth a few minutes viewing for a good conversation. I have not checked into their claims - yet, but expect to as I see points to confirm or debunk.
I predict you're not going to find many people that agree or even understand this.
A while back my nephew and I built a spreadsheet, comparing the ability to survive in the 60's with today. We used both minimum wage figures and average wage figures, but when it came time to consider pricing those figures were converted to hours worked to purchase, whether a car, a home, education or a pound of hamburger.
In very nearly every case it was "cheaper" (in terms of hours worked) to buy what we need or want today that it was in the 60's, and that did not take into account either the massive welfare entitlements we give out OR the relative quality. Consider that cars are much cheaper to operate and maintain today, and house sizes have nearly doubled in the past 50 years - these kinds of things we did not even TRY to take into account.
Bottom line; as a nation we are NOT getting poorer. Instead we have riches beyond the dreams of those that lived just 50 years ago. And it is spread over the entire range of incomes - the poor today are wealthy indeed compared to the poor 50 years ago and the same thing is found whether we're "middle class" or "wealthy". The only thing that has really changed is our definition of poor, wealthy, etc.
Gus, studied the graph. My late mother made a prediction 4 decades ago that there will only two classes in America: the very rich & the very poor-no middle class. One has to look beyond the paradigm that the so-called rich are becoming richer while the poor are becoming poorer. Why is that? Well, the rich have a different culture & prospective then the non-rich. Rich people, whether inherited or self-made, see & approach society far differently than the poor & middle class. They refuse to see themselves as victims of society. They MAKE & OWN their lives. They see the world as their oyster to make of it as they will.
The rich also view money in a positive light & know how to make money work for them. They see opportunities when the poor & middle class see obstacles & difficulties. The rich live in the self-actualization mode while the poor & middle class live in the security mode. On the contrary, the poor view life as a neverending purgatory, even hell. They feel that they have to fight each day just to survive. They also have a negative attitude towards life- they feel that the world is out to get them. They furthermore view money as an evil. There are poor people who see poverty & struggle as spiritually superior & see those who are affluent as somehow corrupt. This subconscious attitude influences their success level. Also, the poor feel that they must settle because aspiring to success is a worthless endeavor.
The middle class, particularly the solidly middle class, don't want to rock that boat. They want to be comfortable & follow the rules. They want to be successful but not too successful. They chose the safe route careerwise because they don't wish to lose what they have. They are deathly fearful of risk. One can describe the solidly middle class as risk aversive. They want that organizational job & go up through the ranks. They are in jobs that they didn't make. The middle class is a higher level wage slave while the poor are the true wage slaves. Also, the rich will never be disposable as they have their own brand while the middle class & poor are disposable as they don't have a brand- they are OWNED.
Grace that is a very studied response, thanks, but, (I should know better than to do this), I must disagree with your mother.
I think there will always be a Middle Class just because the physics of matriculation demands it. The Middle Class is the transition phase for both upward and downward mobility.
Looking at the graph it does seem that the Middle Class has the most significant changes. Meaning, it is still there, but its changes are indicative of the more significant changes in the other quintiles.
Relative to your other point about the "solidly" Middle Class being risk-averse, I am going to have to give that some thought because it doesn't ring true to me. I don't say that as a rebuttal, but just as a point that my gut wants to quibble with. If I were forced to judge, I might say it is the Lower Middle class that might feel that way. Sort of like, "Whew, we finally made it, now let's not do anything to screw it up."
I agree with your comment Wilderness, but I am hoping to address two, (I believe), commonly held misperceptions;
1) The rich can't get richer without the poor getting poorer.
I think this is wrong on its face, without any data research because it is based on a misperception that the pie of wealth is static in size. Wealth is created. It is not a finite amount. The pie of wealth that both rich and poor get a piece of can, and does, expand or contract relative to our economy's performance. Somebody does not have to become poorer in order for someone to become richer. The second video does a good job of explaining this.
I feel so sure of this basic principle that I haven't dug into Stossel's figures yet.
2) The "Middle Class" isn't disappearing because they are getting poorer.
I think, as the 2nd video proposes, that there is a change in that quintile of income, (upper half of the second quintile to the lower half of the 4th quintile, a 30 point range), because the Upper Middle Class range is moving upwards, not downwards.
I think it is this second point that is most illustrated by the example of your comment.
Without trying to take a partisan stance, I believe it is the Sanders/Progressive-types that most voice and emphasize, (in error, or perhaps purposely deceitful), this perspective. I think it is provably wrong.
However, forever the optimist, I am hopeful that some of our more progressive friends will weigh in. (yes, that means you; Cred, PrettyPanther, My Esoteric, Islandbites et al.) ;-)
Well, there is no doubt in my mind that we, as a nation and as a people, are wealthier than we were in the past. The "good old days" weren't so good for many.
Add in that I have watched as the definition of "poor" and of "needy" has steadily grown over the past 50 years, getting ever wealthier and actually less in need, and it is quite obvious.
I have seen your closing comment before Wilderness, and I completely agree, and, I do understand your angst that that point seems to be ignored by those nowadays proclaiming how poor the poor are, but ...
R3egardless of the measure of "poor" the point of both videos is still valid. The poor don't need to get poorer for the rich to get richer, and the Middle Class is not dying-out because they are getting poorer, they are changing demographics because they are getting richer - which is a point you will never see made by mainstream media.
GA, that video was fantastic. It was the intellectual equivalent of an infomercial. It was hilarious and awful, and I couldn't look away.
The 32% vs 200% checked out. That's a good start.
But uh oh, apparently we should ignore the staggering difference in income growth, because 32% is more than 0, and hey iPhones! Started hearing alarm bells at that point, but was willing to give it a chance.
I was eager to learn what the economists at harvard and Berkeley found when they "crunched the numbers".
What they found, said the presenter, was that most people in the top and bottom quintiles move to another quintile. Therefore, implied the presenter, of course income inequality isn't affecting social mobility.
Unfortunately what the presenter didn't tell us, is that the same study also says: "High mobility areas have (i) less residential segregation, (ii) less income inequality, (iii) better primary schools, (iv) greater social capital, and (v) greater family stability"(1).
In other words, the study being used to argue that income inequality does not affect social mobility, literally lists income inequality as one of the factors that affects social mobility.
The alarm bells have been replaced by a klaxxon.
Then we're told to consider the billionaires on the Forbes richest list. What a great example, the presenter suggests, of social mobility in all its glory. Then this picture is shown:
Apparently no one from any other demographic wanted to take advantage of all that social mobility. Maybe the other 50% of the population just don't like money! Who knows? Anyhoo we're not talking about diversity so let's skip it.
We're shown these pictures and told all of these men are "self-made".
Like Warren Buffett. Who pulled himself up by the bootstraps and got himself a job at a brokerage firm at the age of 21. Nevermind that the firm was called Buffett-Falk & Company and was owned by his father, who was also a member of Congress(2). That's not relevant. He was a "self-made" man.
Or Jeff Bezos, whose grandfather was a government official with significant wealth and influence, and whose first $1 million in seed funding came from "Wall Street chums, friends of his parents, buddies from Princeton, and a small group of local investors"(3). Surely anyone can raise a quick million from friends and family. That's irrelevant. He was a "self-made" man.
I stopped checking after the first two.
But the best part of the video is the strawmen. The hits just keep on commin', with gems like:
"Total equality isn't possible!"
"Some people are just better singers than others!!"
"The best athletes are just physically different!!!"
"Incomes tend to be equal when everyone is poor!!!"
And one of my favorites:
"There's inequality in parents! I don't have any parents or grandparents!"
And then just when you think the dumbing-down and misrepresentation can't get any worse/better depending on your perspective, we get the pièce de résistance:
"I have two kidneys! There are people out there who need one . . . Should the government be able to take my kidney because somebody else needs it??!!!"
No GA! They shouldn't be able to take our kidneys! Don't let them take our kidneys GA. For the sake of all that is holy, don't let the government take our kidneys!"
You've got to admit that is . . . special.
So in answer to your question GA, yes sources do matter.
This video was essentially created by taking one fact, pouring a load of BS all over it, deep frying it in a verbal vomit, then seasoning it with garbage before serving.
Here is a sensible person talking about why 32% vs 200% is, in fact, a bad thing:
Now excuse me while I bleach my brain.
(2) https://www.investopedia.com/university … uffett.asp
GUYS GUYS GUYS DON'T like to brust your bubble. None of you have been around the world as much as I have. The US job is not to pillage and plunder the planet with the US Government Corperationism and military complex. The US Government job only is to protect its citizens. It's Not to be creative with wealthy fraud in printing money and creating wealthy digital accounts. Or join Goverment investment with banks and wall streets.
Most of the world is on to you and by giving the wealthy most of the tax breaks. Then taxing your citizens money to kill millions of poor people with terrorist offensive US military. You guys can't see what most of the rest of the world is aware of. This paper tiger of unhealthy products driven by greedy bastards with an exception of a few honest US billionaires and with basically good people. Is America becoming a third world country or is most of third countries ending third world countries with an exception of a few.
You can have a few outstanding extremely tall skyscraper like Trump tower with many small buildings and rats nests. Or overall many equally tall buildings with more healthier decent size smaller buildings. I'm not popular here, yet, most of the outside world don't believe by giving it to the wealthy in hope it will trickle down to the rest of us scam. That's why most third world countries GDP growth is growing faster than the US GDP.
Sorry, I have to say that because I am Canadian, I know we are too nice.
As usual Don, you have nailed their spinning butts to the wall. For all their biased and agenda-driven content, (the Stossel video), except for the point of the OP - that the rich are getting richer but not because the poor are getting poorer.
That was the one point of the video, the point of the OP, that you confirmed.
I have no argument with the rest of your analysis of the video, I agree with most of it, (your analysis), but those weren't the aspects I addressed.
I do wish I could help you with your "kidneys" worry, but hearing some of the Democrat candidate's trail speeches, I am not so sure there is any reassurance I can offer you. ;-)
If you felt enticed to analyze the second video, I would caution you to not waste the effort. Much of it is in the same category as the Stossel video, but ...
The segment that deals with the point of U.S. household's migration, over the decades, from lower to upper quintiles does seem borne out by the data. Which was the only point mentioned/inferred in my OP.
I must admit to a bit of worry that you would jump to your, (inferred), conclusion that I supported the entirety of the videos when I specifically spoke to addressing only two particular points.
I'm glad you weighed in on this. I couldn't bring myself to watch the second video. Hope your brain is okay. ;-)
"Maybe the other 50% of the population just don't like money!" Priceless.
I see in my lifetime most boarder gone.
There is already less wars then any other time in history. Third world countries GDP is growing faster than US. Most third world countries are saying they better off than 50 years ago. Not so in America
Pew centre research say not everyone is convinced that life today is an improvement over the past. Americans are split on this issue: 41% say life is worse while 37% say better. Meanwhile, half or more in countries ranging from Italy (50%) and Greece (53%) to Nigeria (54%) and Kenya (53%) to Venezuela (72%) and Mexico (68%) say life is worse today.
I watched the John Stossel video. It's easy to argue against a misrepresentation. I don't know anyone who believes we need to make everyone equal, so who is he arguing with?
I started the second video and couldn't get past the first "myth," that profit and plunder are the same thing. Who says that?
Maybe I'll have the patience later to watch the whole video, but I'm not interested in defending positions that I and most progressives don't hold in the first place.
You have confused me PrettyPanther, the second video made a point of declaring "profit" and "plunder" are not the same thing.
The video's point was that too many folks equate them to be the same. The point was that "profit" is not evil whereas "plunder" is.
Right. But for it to be a "myth," it must be widely believed , right? I don't know anyone who equates profit with plunder, so I question the premise that it is a myth at all.
Okay, I see your point, but I would disagree. I think a lot of people of Liberal views see profit as nearly the same as plunder.
Who? I hang out with a lot of liberals and I don't know anyone who says that.
I believe conservative media often distort progressive views to make them seem more extreme than they are.
Here is one example PrettyPanther. The word "plunder" isn't actually used, but the thought is certainly obvious.
https://www.warren.senate.gov/newsroom/ … talism-act
You may not hear the word plunder used, but all those other words; excessive, disproportionate, record, maximized, etc. give you the idea.
"To fix this problem we need to end the harmful corporate obsession with maximizing shareholder returns at all costs, which has sucked trillions of dollars away from workers and necessary long-term investments," said Senator Warren."
Sounds like a euphemistic way of saying "plunder" to me.
If I say my husband's investment of thousands of dollars per year into his hobby of restoring old cars is sucking thousands of dollars away from his family and necessary investments into long-term savings, and that I would like to set some rules and limits on how much he puts into his hobby versus how much is reinvested in his family and savings, am I accusing him of "plunder"?
Probably. He is, after all, "plundering" the family finances to support his hobby. Of course that means that those "family finances" belong to you as well as to him; they are not his to take as he wills.
Perhaps your disagreement here comes from a different idea of what "plunder" (or possibly even "profit") means?
Plunder means to steal or is property acquired through stealing. That is already covered under the law.
Edit: Re family finances, either of us could, if we wanted to, spend as much money as we want without legal consequence. If I took all our money and lost it gambling, that would be perfectly legal but most people would agree it wouldn't be morally right to intentionally leave my family with no means of support. So, my husband could take any number of measures to regulate how much money I could spend, and would be smart to do so.
If he does nothing, and I continue to spend all the family money, the family will inevitably fall apart, just as our capitalist system will eventually collapse if nothing is done to reign in the excesses of capitalism.
Ah! Then we ARE using the term differently. I do not use "plunder" as anything illegal - just unethical. And I believe GA is doing the same.
So in your example there is nothing illegal and you do not count it as plunder. It IS unethical (to take until the family suffers in order to supply a hobby) and I call that plunder.
And in profits - if profit is larger than liberals consider right and proper they tend to treat it as plunder, not profit. When a mogul buys a company in order to break it up and sell off the pieces, that's plunder (to myself and to liberals) but there is nothing illegal about it.
Just one more instance of misunderstanding, then.
Your definition is inaccurate and, as I previously stated, the so-called liberal myth that profit is plunder is an invention of conservatives to make liberals out to be more extreme than they are and to give conservatives an easily understood and regurgitated sound bite.
And I stand corrected; most (honest) liberals do not view excessive profits as plunder. Unethical, yes, but not illegal.
Those willing to exaggerate or spin it just a little, though...that's another tale, isn't it? But let me ask you: a pharma company that buys a patent and jacks up the price 1000% - did they plunder the market of those that require that drug to live? If Trump takes money from the budget to build the wall because it is an "emergency" (and required to protect our borders and sovereignty) , did he plunder the budget? Both are quite legal, and the second is required of the president by the constitution. Depending on how it is spun, of course.
I don't believe either qualifies as plunder. The pharma example is a good demonstration of why unchecked capitalism will inevitably cause the destruction of a society. The second is just a cynical political move that I wouldn't even argue is unethical, assuming the President genuinely believes there is an emergency, even if I disagree.
I understand and acknowledge that the word "plunder" is sometimes used in the manner you describe, but to say "profit is plunder" is a widely held liberal belief is just plain wrong.
Just for a bit of clarification, I was thinking of "plunder" as Wilderness offered, not as stealing or something illegal. Also, it was my perception that the video's use of plunder was also not as something illegal, or that any profit is thought of--by certain folks--as plunder. It gave visual examples that pointed to the use referencing a level of profit that "some folks" considered 'excessive'
I don't think that will change your point or your mind, but at least it should add a little clarity to the topic.
I did try to look at your analogy as a comparable statement, but I just don't see it. SO I am unable to answer your question - relative to this topic.
"To fix this problem we need to end the harmful corporate obsession with maximizing shareholder returns at all costs, which has sucked trillions of dollars away from workers and necessary long-term investments," said Senator Warren."
Sounds like a euphemistic way of saying "plunder" to me.
Please explain how that is saying "plunder" because I don't see it. What I see is a statement about how corporations are prioritizing shareholder returns over workers and long-term investments. It is implied that this is a bad thing for the future of our capitalist system, but nowhere does it say anything that would imply plundering, which is stealing.
Hopefully, if you now understand, (even if you disagree), that neither I nor the video was using plunder in the sense of something illegal, you will understand why I draw a different perception from the Warren quote.
First, consider her qualifier, (not in the quote but in the linked source material): companies making one billion plus in profits, meaning big companies with big profits. (excessive, maximized, record?).
Then consider what she wants to do; limit the Right of control, and with the Federal Charter point, perhaps even the existence of, corporations by their owners and management.
Put that all together and I think it can be honestly, (no partisan spin or bias), understood as an inference that any profit that isn't parceled out as "some folks" believe equitable amounts to plunder - keeping money that she thinks should Rightfully belong to someone else.
I see it as putting checks on unfettered capitalism, where those with wealth and power use it to accumulate more wealth and power, to such detriment to the system as a whole that it will eventually be untenable.
If money is exponentially gained through steady and cumulative manipulation of the system by the already wealthy and powerful, it is their money. But if laws are changed to "check" this manipulation, that is not taking money from anyone, but merely changing the environment within which those wealthy and powerful corporations operate. No one is taking money from them. That is a misrepresentation.
Warren's legislation would take control of that money from them. Isn't that the same thing?
I disagree with that characterization. Can you explain why you think so? How are her proposed regulations any different from other financial regulatory laws?
"...a United States corporation must ensure that no fewer than 40% of its directors are selected by the corporation's employees."
I think that would qualify as diluting a corporation's control over its actions, which I think equates with control over its money.
"Restricts the sales of company shares by the directors and officers of United States corporations: ... To ensure that they are focused on the long-term interests of all corporate stakeholders ...
I think this also restricts a corporation's ability to control its money.
There is more, but these two illustrate my point. I am not against necessary business regulation. I just think this direction is a step too far.
So, you are not opposed to regulating certain aspects of how a corporation's money is spent and invested, you just think this goes to far?
Hmm... I sense a trap. Generally speaking, I understand the need for some business regulation - for the purpose of protecting the public from illegal shenanigans.
I could not go beyond that without addressing specific regulations or regulation categories.
To offer conflicting signposts, I think Citizens United was a bad decision, (that something is legal doesn't always equate to being right), but I also think corporate taxation is double taxation. How do you justify taxing the same money twice?
Relative to your question - I would be glad to discuss specifics.
No, no trap. I was just curious. I don't yet know if I support Warren's plan because I am not that knowledgeable about the subject. I will say, Elizabeth Warren is a policy wonk, and I have little doubt that any plan she puts out there is well researched and well thought out. This has always been her baby, holding corporations accountable for their unethical actions (recognizing that one person's "unethical" is another's "sound business practice").
My reaction to Warren's plan is a knee-jerk reaction. Her plan brings out the Libertarian in me.
On one level I can agree with the genesis of her plan - responsible corporations, (any business for that matter), should hold higher standards regarding their societal impact when their finances allow them the luxury to do so. I have seen Cosco mentioned as an example of this.
But, and it is a very big and important but. They are private entities, (even publicly shared ones), in the sense that except for protecting us against illegal behaviors, I don't think the government should be able to tell them how they must run their business.
Of course, it would be great if business gave its employees a 40% say in how the business was run, but that should be a choice, not a legal mandate.
It would also be great if a business spread a little love down the ladder instead of pouring it all into the management suites. But again, that should be their choice, not a legal mandate.
The government has no business sticking its nose into issues such as this.
It is worse than social engineering by taxation, it is social engineering by government fiat. And that isn't acceptable to me - in a broad sense. I am sure someone will pipe in with an example of just that that I hadn't thought about. Thus exposing my hypocrisy.
So be it. "I yam what I yam"
That is part of the problem isn't it.
When more and more of the population expect/demand that their government supply them with food, housing, medical care, schooling...
It appears the beliefs of progressing generations are shifting further and further from a 'earn what you have' merit system, to a 'its my right to have everything given to me' without effort system... which of course isn't economically maintainable for any meaningful length of time.
I would say in general we are far richer across the board, I grew up in a house with one color tv, my kids grow up in a house with 3 color tvs, 4 computers, 4 cell phones and multiple other devices (IE - Nintendo, Ipad, etc.).
But 'richer' is relative...
I grew up in a home where a parent was always there. My kids grow up in a home where both parents now work. I grew up in a neighborhood where people knew me, my parents, where I was relatively safe to go anywhere, and my cousins, uncles & aunts, grandparents were close... this generation is scattered across the country and its not so safe to be wandering around anymore.
I also know that healthcare insurance was far more affordable back then and covered nearly everything, if you had a good plan your deductible was almost nothing (in comparison to today).
New vehicles did not cost nearly as much as a home/dwelling, today they do. I just bought a townhouse for what some people pay for a new pickup truck.
There is more 'wealth' out there in the world... and there are far more dollars than there ever was, the banks keep churning out new money... but I am not sure we are better off, even if we have more things.
Ken, my sentiments exactly. It used to be that people worked & sacrificed for what they wanted. They knew that they weren't entitled to housing, healthcare, & education. They knew that they if wanted the best, they had to earn the money to afford the best or settle for less than the best, or even do without. Nowadays, there are people are proclaim vehemently that they are entitled to housing, healthcare, & education. Something has gone amiss here! Ken, you are correct in your premise that some have regressed to infantilism instead of being mature grown ups.
"I started the second video and couldn't get past the first "myth," that profit and plunder are the same thing. Who says that?"
Are you sure? Given that no one actually says that, we all get the very strong impression that the two words are interchangeable whenever the "profit" is larger than we think it should be. Whenever profits are used to pay enormous CEO salaries. Whenever profit is not used to increase bottom salaries (think WalMart here).
When these things, and others, happen don't you think that "profit" is being used as a polite euphemism for "plunder"?
And I wonder how conservatives go from getting a "very strong impression" (because, as you admit, no one says that) to believing that "profit is plunder" is a widely held liberal belief?
I suppose because of the continual complaint about excess profits. While (nearly) all liberals appear to understand, and accept, that profits are necessary to operate a business, there is always an outcry when giant businesses generate giant profits commensurate with their size. Or perhaps when a new product is designed and copyrighted, with high prices to with the lack of competition.
It seems that those "excess" profits are viewed as "plunder" even if the word is never used. Indeed, we see it every day with efforts to tax the rich more - that "plunder" they make from profiting in their various enterprises should not have happened anyway, so take it away.
Profits are good. Using your wealth and power to gain disproportionate advantages that result in continuing exponential growth in wealth and power will eventually destroy our capitalist economy.
A much more subtle argument than "profit is plunder" which is why a conservative will twist it into a simplistic sound bite to serve two purposes: making progressives look more extreme than they are, and facilitating a simplistic counterargument easily comprehended and regurgitated by their base.
Over profit can be plunder. I simplified everything to manage and fit my world. Yet to over simplistic for your group would not work out flexible enough for the majority capitalists.
by IDONO 8 years ago
If the rich get richer, and the poor get poorer, how does the middle class shrink?Seems like more space is created and with population always increasing, seems like the middle class should expand, not shrink or disappear. Right?
by mio cid 8 years ago
Income inequality has been growing for decades . Do you consider it a problem ? If so , how would you fix it ?
by Goodpal 5 years ago
Why everything in society gets decided by the rich?Will the rich any importance left if suddenly all the poor people vanish from the societies? In fact, poor people work at cheaper wages to create wealth for the rich. Yet, the poor have hardly any voice in society. The rich shun them as lazy or...
by Grace Marguerite Williams 3 years ago
Many studies have been done on how socioeconomic class influences childrearing. These sociological studies indicate that lower, working, & lower middle class parents who are less educated, even uneducated value blind obedience over independent & critical thinking. These parents...
by Kathryn L Hill 9 years ago
by rhamson 13 years ago
Since the late 1990s, average incomes have declined 2.5% for families on the bottom fifth of the country's economic ladder, while incomes have increased 9.1% for families on the top fifth.The result is that the average incomes of the top 5% of families are 12 times the average incomes of the bottom...
Copyright © 2023 The Arena Media Brands, LLC and respective content providers on this website. HubPages® is a registered trademark of The Arena Platform, Inc. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. The Arena Media Brands, LLC and respective content providers to this website may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website.
Copyright © 2023 Maven Media Brands, LLC and respective owners.
|HubPages Device ID||This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel||This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.|
|Remarketing Pixels||We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels||We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.|