ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel


Updated on June 17, 2010

George Washington Refuses Kingship

After the Revolutionary War’s end in 1783, Washington, refusing offers of kingship, resigned from command of the army and, it seemed, from public life. “Having now finished the work assigned to me, I retire from the great theatre of action,” he explained. Washington’s resignation, more perhaps than his prior actions, demonstrated his strong sense of pietas , devotion to one’s country and to one’s duty. The impression Washington’s resignation made upon the American consciousness is such that, to this day, it is expected of a commanding general to retire after a successful campaign—a tradition carried through by the force of Washington’s precedent alone.

George Washington had hoped the winning of The Revolutionary War would be the end of his public service, but such was not to be the case. In 1786 a rebellion of indebted farmers almost succeeded in overthrowing the government of Massachusetts.

The new nation was fragile and this concerned many of the founders. This concern was manifest in the convening of delegates from every state in Philadelphia in May of 1787. The goal of this convention was “to form a more perfect Union”. George Washington was unanimously elected President of The Constitutional Convention. He seldom debated the issues brought out in the deliberations while preferring to remain neutral. He did vote on the issues after debate had concluded.

After the convention Washington was very influential in both the Virginia Legislature and the entire nation and the Constitution was approved by all thirteen states. George Washington was subsequently unanimously elected President of The United States in both 1789 and again in 1792. The first Congress of The United States of America set the presidential salary at $25,000, which was an extremely large sum for that time. With Washington being a man of independent wealth he first refused the salary, but at the urging of congress and his own rethinking of the issue of the salary. Washington accepted the salary. As he explained “I did not want to set a precedent that only a man of independent means would be in a position to be President of The United States.”

After serving his two terms as president Washington refused to run again setting a precedent that was universally observed until broken by Franklin D. Roosevelt. So the man who could have been king retired to Mount Vernon. After Roosevelt the 22nd Amendment to The Constitution limited the president to two terms.



Washington was not a member of any political party and hoped that they would not be formed, fearing conflict and stagnation. His closest advisors formed two factions, setting the framework for the future first party system Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton had bold plans to establish the national credit and build a financially powerful nation, and formed the basis of the Federalist Party. Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, founder of the Jeffersonian Republicans, strenuously opposed Hamilton's agenda, but Washington favored Hamilton over Jefferson. So Washington’s advice against the formation of political parties was ignored, and as a direct result Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with Arron Burr due to personal animosity that was fomented by their political differences.

George Washington Father of The Nation



By Washington’s entire life of service to his nation he earned the title Father of The Nation.

  • He commanded the Continental Army throughout the Revolution.
  • He was President of the Constitutional Convention.
  • He was a very influential persuader for adoption of the Constitution.
  • He gave great council warning the formation of political parties, which the nation ignored much to our own peril.
  • He set a very prudent precedent of only serving two presidential terms.

Post World War II America

I have skipped over a considerable amount of time from the time of Washington to the end of World War II. I do think this is justifiable in making the point of American exceptionalism. At the end of World War II America found herself in a unique place and time in history. Our European allies and enemies alike found themselves in a precarious position. The same was true for our Pacific allies and enemies. All of these had suffered horrendous destruction as a result of World War II.

What would post war America do in the face of these circumstances? America had expended much national treasure in resources and the blood of our patriotic soldiers in fighting for liberation of the entire World. Would post World War II America retreat to fortress America as had been done following World War I?  Would America retreat to comfortable isolationist pre war status as had been done after World War I?

This time the America of post World War II chose another course. We rebuilt the Global destruction via the Marshall Plan of both ally and enemy alike. This is but one of the examples of post World War II American exceptionalism.

I believe with every fiber of my body that no other nation in the history of mankind would have been the sole possessor of an atomic bomb at any time in history, and not have used such a powerful weapon of mass destruction as a means of Global conquest. Global conquest is anathema to the American spirit. This lack of desire for Global conquest is my best argument for American exceptionalism.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Tom Whitworth profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Whitworth 

      3 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      I see your point but if you comb your hair correctly you can conceal it. Although what you say is inane and nonsensical, I'm sure it's up to your capability.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      I've seen this for a little while now, and the copnect is very admirable. Unfortunately, it just screams "WACO!" at me. In discussions of this, on sites run by people I respect? There are those who favor the project. Of course, others warn of a possible scam. Caveat emptor, indeed! :DRegardless, we should all be developing our circle of friends or our "tribe" to multiply our chances of survival in a worst case scenario. Many believe that the time for that is growing short. But even if those concerns prove to be unfounded, one can never have too many true friends.

    • Tom Whitworth profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Whitworth 

      9 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      Thank you James for dropping by and reading my Hub. I always appreciate your comments.

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Both examples you give are incredibly noble and far from the norm of this world. Anybody with a rudimentary understanding of history would know this but I am afraid they are not many, my friend. Thank you for this great and noble article.

    • Tom Whitworth profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Whitworth 

      9 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      Smireless I agree we may have a little tarnish around the edges but we can clean it up with a lot of effort and a lot of elbow grease.

      We must be very careful in our efforts not to allow the politicians to detour our efforts.

    • Smireles profile image

      Sandra Mireles 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Thank you for this great hub about American Exceptionalism. We are still exceptional although there is a bit of tarnish around the edges.

    • Tom Whitworth profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Whitworth 

      9 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      Thank you Robert Hartzell for complmentary comment. I do believe American exceptionalism still exists but we have some work to do to see it once again manifest in our actions.

    • Robert Hartzell profile image

      Robert Hartzell 

      9 years ago from Jacksonville, FL

      I agreee. This is a wonderful hub. You make a strong argument for American exceptionalism. Thank you.

    • Tom Whitworth profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Whitworth 

      9 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      Tom, thank you for visiting and your complimentary comment.

    • Tom Cornett profile image

      Tom Cornett 

      9 years ago from Ohio

      A wonderful hub Tom.... "This lack of desire for Global conquest is my best argument for American exceptionalism." Perfectly said! Thanks.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)