I have to say Confucius. As a political philosopher his theory have the biggest influence on history. A lot of people don't know, but he have major influence in the west, also. Benjamin Franklin once wrote a book call "The Moral of Confucius" prior to America revolution and most of Franklin's later theory, is in fact base on Confucius' work
I'll go for Socrates the Greek philosopher because he brought about a change in expressing ideas and promoted the idea of independent minds exchanging any manner of thoughts, even dangerous ones that the State deemed too risky. He introduced question and answer dialogue and reply, and is one of the founders of our western ways of thought, deed and action.
Ironically he is only known through the writings of others - Plato amongst them - so may not even have existed!!
I would contemplate that Socrates may perhaps be the greatest; although no pun intended, perhaps this is significantly questionable?
Aristotle, because he was the first to say there is a soul.
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