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Meaning of Computer Technology

Updated on June 12, 2012

Computer technology covers a huge range of computer basics. It is the hardware, software, networking and peripherals of computers. Hopefully this hub will help you understand a little about each part of computer technology and give you a little better understanding about how computers work.


A computers hardware technology includes the inner workings of the computer. The hard drive (what stores your information), the central processing unit (CPU - the part of your computer that carries out instructions given by a program), and the CD/DVD readers (place where you put the discs).

These days, everyone is trying to make the hardware part of computers smaller so your home computer doesn't have to be so large. By reducing the amount of space needed to hold memory, more can fit into your home computer giving you the ability to store lots more information.


Computer software technology refers to the programs that people use that are just as important as the hardware that runs them. As the hardware advances, so must the software.

The people who write software are called programmers. Programmers write software for thousands of applications such as games, accounting, image processing and medical research.

I got an Associates of Applied Science degree in Computer Technology when I went to collage. I actually enjoyed the software portion of the schooling more than any other part. It was nice being able to take a computer apart (all the hardware out) and put it all back together but being able to write the programs (software) was the most fun for me.

I worked with Visual C++ (Visual Basics or VB is what my teacher called it). Here's just a little snip-it of what we got to do.



Computer technology also covers Internet technology, known as networking. The information superhighway often relies on servers whose main function is to process data coming in and out of a certain area. Computer technology also includes the lines this data must pass through like the phone line or broadband connection.

Since the late 20th century computers have become increasingly connected to each other. Today it is easy to transmit data around the world over the Internet. The Internet is just an outgrowth of earlier networks. Now many homes have small wireless networks in them, connecting televisions, laptops, desktop computers, game consoles and many other entertainment devices.


The peripherals of a computer are the ones you use most often. The monitors, keyboards, speakers and game controllers. These devices also need updating as the software and hardware become more demanding and as your own personal preference changes.

My husband no longer uses the regular keyboard or mouse. He went from the original wired ones to wireless ones and now on to the ergonomic ones. I have to admit I absolutely LOVE his trackball mouse! It takes a bit to get used to but once you use it, it is hard to go back to the original ones.

My other hubs

My previous hub was on The History of Computer Technology. This hub basically touches on the generations of computers and how we have gotten to where we are today as far as technology goes.

Also check out my Careers in Computer Technology hub where you can find out about the degrees in Computer Technology and what kind of careers there are out there.

The Role of Computer Technology in Education hub tells a bit about how much computers have changed in classroom environments.


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    • unknown spy profile image

      Life Under Construction 

      7 years ago from Neverland

      You're welcome! I also use Vbasic program to create thank you notes or a little greeting cards on special occasions :)

    • CassyLu1981 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      unknown spy - how funny! I too am a huge fan of VB :) I wish it was still something I did all the time. I'm glad to have a fellow VB follower :) Thanks for the comment!

    • unknown spy profile image

      Life Under Construction 

      7 years ago from Neverland

      Cool! I love to program using Vbasic (guess that's the easiest language)..

      Once my Programming teacher asked us, "What prog language are you familiar with?" My seatmate answered, "Pascal, sir."

      I laugh. Then the teacher said, "then maybe you should just stay here in school."

    • CassyLu1981 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      lindacee - I just upgraded my desktop to a "gaming one" and man this beast is so much faster then my "old" one!!! Funny thing is my "old" one was only about 2 years old!!! It amazes me how fast technology moves. Thanks for the comment and stopping by :)

    • lindacee profile image

      Linda Chechar 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      I enjoyed this look at the meaning behind the term "computer technology", CassyLu! Your Hub made me stop and think about everything that is involved in every time I power up my laptop. I love the peripherals -- It's so much fun to look at all the "toys" that are available these days. My favorite is my wireless mouse!

    • CassyLu1981 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      Thanks Dr Funom :)

    • Dr Funom Makama profile image

      Dr Funom Makama 

      7 years ago from Europe

      Nice work

    • CassyLu1981 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      Simone - programming definately takes a lot to get used to :) But all computer fields are growing every day! Thanks for the comment :)

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 

      7 years ago from San Francisco

      What a great introduction you've provided! I find computer technology in general to be a fascinating field, but programming is especially interesting to me. I wish I had a knack for it!!

    • CassyLu1981 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Spring Lake, NC

      leahlefler - programming is my all time favorite thing to do when it comes to computer technology. I would have made a ton of money if I would have stuck with it :) Thanks for the comment!!!

    • leahlefler profile image

      Leah Lefler 

      7 years ago from Western New York

      Very cool article. I wish I knew how to program software - computer technology does cover a wide area. Everything from the physical machinery to networks!


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