Who actually owns the internet? And why do we have to pay to use it?

Jump to Last Post 1-4 of 4 discussions (7 posts)
  1. kevin murphy-87 profile image79
    kevin murphy-87posted 3 years ago

    Who actually owns the internet? And why do we have to pay to use it?

    I'm asking this because in my journey of finding all things to be self sufficient, how exactly can you be self sufficient with access to the world wide web? Everyone has to pay for a connection one way or another. Don't they?

  2. M. T. Dremer profile image95
    M. T. Dremerposted 3 years ago

    There are several 'free' ways to access the internet. Local libraries, coffee shops, and in some cases, whole cities, provide free internet access. So, if you're savvy enough, you could use it without ever having to pay a service provider. But it does put you at the whim of slow connections and hours of operation. It is 'easier' to just pay for it. But, nobody really owns the internet, they can only own specific servers, providers and websites. Though that hasn't stopped companies from trying, which is why we have an ongoing battle over net neutrality. It's the service providers who want to regulate what parts of the internet get all the bandwidth.

    1. kevin murphy-87 profile image79
      kevin murphy-87posted 3 years agoin reply to this

      Thanks for that. I've just been wondering lately like why do we pay to access it. And why can't we build our own servers?

    2. M. T. Dremer profile image95
      M. T. Dremerposted 3 years agoin reply to this

      It is possible to own/run your own servers. Though I'm sure there are costs floating around there somewhere, if you want to make it available to everyone.

  3. daxamite profile image95
    daxamiteposted 3 years ago

    The Internet is a series of connected servers with shortcuts to each other (shortcuts called domains). Many companies not only can, but do, build their own little private Internets between their own servers.

    When you pay for access to the public Internet, you are really paying multiple people. Comcast Cable may offer you a cable modem to their local data center. That Comcast data center may tie into a larger Co-location data center. At that data center, Comcast is leasing the connection off of that data center company. That data center company may be leasing it off another company (For example, Level 3 Communication). This is how a "Internet Backbone" is created. The companies that built these backbones laid massive cable in the ground and in the ocean to connect  different countries. They then leave it to others to build the "last mile" technologies.

    Currently the internet consists of these 7 "vertebrae": Level 3 Communications, TeliaSonera International Carrier, CenturyLink, Vodafone, Verizon, Sprint, and AT&T Corporation.

    1. kevin murphy-87 profile image79
      kevin murphy-87posted 3 years agoin reply to this

      Thanks for that daxamite. That was a very informative answer.

  4. tamarawilhite profile image92
    tamarawilhiteposted 3 years ago

    The internet itself is like a network of private roads connecting stores.
    We pay to use the roads, owned and maintained by phone companies or cell phone service providers.
    We may get content for free from some venues in return for adds, pay for other content via pay walls or subscriptions to sites and services. Other sites are set up by businesses in the hope of selling goods and services.
    No one person or group owns the internet, though it did evolve from the U.S. military trying to set up communication networks to keep remote sites connected after a nuclear war.

 
working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)