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Facts About Jakarta

Updated on July 13, 2015
Tower of Monas (The National Monument)
Tower of Monas (The National Monument)

Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, largest city in South East Asia, and sixth largest city in the world.

It is also one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Jakarta is not only a city, it is also a province.

Formerly called Sunda Kelapa, the city's name Jakarta was given by the Japanese, who had occupied the country during World War 2.

Jakarta is nicknamed "The Big Durian" and is located on the Indonesian island of Java.

Beside being the center of government, industry and commerce, the city is known to have the largest and also the most comprehensive communication networks in South East Asia.

Mascot of Jakarta
Mascot of Jakarta

The Red Backed Sea Eagle, or Brahminy Kite (Elang Bondol in Indonesian language) is the official Mascot of Jakarta. It should not be confused with the mythical Garuda which appears on the Indonesian National Coat of Arms.

Why Brahminy Kite and Salak Condet?
Salak Condet is an original fruit grown in Condet Jakarta area, while the Brahminy kite (Elang Bondol) is often seen in city sky when at the past, Jakarta still has many trees and wide ground of land.

Even the controversial Transjakarta busway system also uses this endangered bird as logo on their buses.

It is also one of the cities in South East Asia that has the largest number of museums in the city.

Ondel-ondel (a form of folk performance) is originated from Betawi and is often performed in festivals.
Ondel-ondel (a form of folk performance) is originated from Betawi and is often performed in festivals.

The Betawi people are the original inhabitants of Jakarta. They are descendents of the people who came to Batavia in the 15th century. Batavia is the former official name of Jakarta.

Jakarta is made up on 6 municipalities – Central Jakarta, East Jakarta, North Jakarta, South Jakarta, West Jakarta, and the Thousand Islands.

Jakarta is also listed as one of the world's fastest-growing megacities.

Idul Fitri Holidays are usually the best time to explore this huge city because the traffic congestion is much less.

There are 13 rivers flow through the city, with one main river (Ciliwung) that divides Jakarta into the Eastern and Western hemisphere.

The official metropolitan area (Jabodetabek) is the second largest in the world.
The official metropolitan area (Jabodetabek) is the second largest in the world.
In 2011, Jakarta's economic growth ranked 17th among the world's 200 largest cities.
In 2011, Jakarta's economic growth ranked 17th among the world's 200 largest cities.
Jakarta vehicle population
Jakarta vehicle population

The king of awful traffic? Jakarta, Indonesia.
According to new index created by motor oil company Castrol, Jakarta is the worst city in the world (followed by Istanbul and Mexico City) for traffic jams.

Facts in 2010 said that the number of vehicles in Jakarta is more than the number of its population.

Located on the northwest coast of Java, Jakarta is also the country's most populous city and the most populous city in Southeast Asia.

When asked what are above the Monas (National Monument) located opposite the Presidential Palace? Certainly many answered by "flames gold". But not many know that on one side of the golden flame, there is a figure looking like a 'mysterious woman'. If you look at it from the office direction of President of the Republic of Indonesia, the Monument flame can be seen like the figure of a woman with her bun hair partially at the top and long flowing on the side. This woman looks like she is kneeling with her face down and no one knows for sure who the woman is

Monas, topped by a flame covered with gold foil.
Monas, topped by a flame covered with gold foil.
Tugu inscription (Prasasti Tugu)
Tugu inscription (Prasasti Tugu)

The flood control effort in Jakarta has actually been around since the 1500s in the era of the Tarumanagara Kingdom. It is reassured because of the Tugu inscription discovery in Kampung Batutumbuh, Tugu village, North Jakarta, whose contents explained the Candrabaga river excavation by Rajadirajaguru and also Gomati River excavation by Purnawarman as the idea to avoid flood disasters which often occur in the Purnawarman reign.

What is the world’s most active Twitter city? – Jakarta.

Jakarta has beaten Tokyo, London, Sao Paulo  and New York in terms of Twitter activity. Bandung, Jakarta's neighbouring city ranked sixth.
Jakarta has beaten Tokyo, London, Sao Paulo and New York in terms of Twitter activity. Bandung, Jakarta's neighbouring city ranked sixth.

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