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The Historical Beauty of Split, Croatia

Updated on November 26, 2018
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Split is the largest and the most important city Dalmatia region. It is also considered as Croatia’s second largest city. The place is situated on a small peninsula on the eastern side of the Adriatic Sea.

Split became the most important city because of its busy port. As the port typically serves as the starting point for exploration of the whole coast, from Adriatic to Italy to Greece. Most agricultural land in Split is fertiled which made their place bountiful of agricultural products. Moreover, the city was able to preserve their cultural monuments, landscapes, and seascapes which attract most of the tourist visiting the place.

Bazaar in Split
Bazaar in Split | Source

History of Split Croatia

At the end of the third century AD, Split was ruled by the Roman Emperor Diocletian and a palace was built in here. The importance of Diocletian’s Palace goes beyond the local significance because of the high level of the structure's preservation. Even all of their well-preserved buildings and walls, from the heart of Old Split, have been a part of their successful tourism today.

Split’s population growth moved rapidly during 7th century since all the inhabitants of the destroyed Greek and Roman metropolis Solin found their protection within the walls of the place. The lovely ruins of Solin outside the city can still be explored today.

Split Croatia Highlights

  • Split's history can be clearly pictured with their buildings and structures specifically their churches, museums, theater, and other archeological sites. These treasures made the old town of Split as a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
  • Found on the eastern side of Split are the Peristyle and the Cathedral of Dominus, which symbolizes the whole city of Split.
  • On the western side of the city is the People’s Square. The square is an old town hall which was built during 15th century. Within the vicinity of the square lies an Ethnographic museum and close to it is the Town Museum.
  • A very remarkable statue of Gregory of Nin was also created by a famous Croatian sculpture, named Ivan Mestrovic. Gregory of Nin has been a famous Croatian religious leader since 10th century.
  • Other must-visit museums in Split, Croatia are the Maritime Museum, the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments, the Museum of Croatia, the Gallery of Fine Arts and the Mestrovic Gallery.

Entrance of the Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian
Entrance of the Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian | Source

The UNESCO Heritage Site: Diocletian’s Palace

Diocletian’s Palace has been one of the most famous attraction in Split since it was chosen as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Croatia back in 1979. Based on history, Emperor Diocletian built the palace for the sole purpose that it will serve as his home upon retirement. As the Emperor moved into the palace, half of the area was occupied by him. While the other half served as rest house of the military garrison.

Structure-wise, the palace has an irregular rectangle with 4 large towers in total. The main open space of the Palace is known as the Peristyle. It is surrounded by a colonnade of six columns (made of granite and marble) to both eastern and western sides and an arch with garland decorations. It can be easily noticed that the walls on the lower part of the palace don’t have any openings, while on the upper part have openings with monumental porch.

Today, the palace remained to be well-preserved structure. Though plenty of cafes, restaurants, shops, and apartments were already built within the vicinity which made the place more convenient for tourists. No need to go somewhere else to buy whatever you will be needing. Even an on the go meal is available everywhere. This kind of meal will be very pleasing to those who wanted to maximize their time strolling around the area.

Palace of Diocletian with the Roman guards
Palace of Diocletian with the Roman guards | Source

Did you know that it took over 10 years to build the Diocletian Palace since it was so huge? It measures 215 meters wide and 26 meters high.

Cathedral of Saint Domnius
Cathedral of Saint Domnius | Source
Split, Croatia:
21000, Split, Croatia

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Split, Croatia Second Largest City

Diocletian Palace:
Dioklecijanova ul. 1, 21000, Split, Croatia

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One of UNESCO World Heritage Site

People's Square:
Iza lože 3, Split, Croatia

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Old Town Hall in the Old Town of Split Croatia

Gregory of Nin:
23232, Ul. Župana Godečaja 2, 23232, Nin, Croatia

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Sculpture of a Famous Croatian Leader

Maritime Museum:
Muzejski trg 1, 51000, Rijeka, Croatia

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Small Gallery in Croatia with all the maritime relics and arts.

Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments:
Gunjačina ul. bb, 21000, Split, Croatia

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Museum based on researching and collecting of artifacts.

Mestrovic Gallery:
Šetalište Ivana Meštrovića 46, 21000, Split, Croatia

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Art Museum of Ivan Mestrovic

The Peristyle and The Cathedral of Dominus:
Ul. Kraj Svetog Duje 5, 21000, Split, Croatia

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The cathedral was named after Saint Domnius.

© 2018 Travel Chef


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