St. Petersburg, Russia: A HubPages Guide To the Venice of the North
History of St. Petersburg
I've been fascinated by Russian culture and literature since I was a young ballet student dreaming of the Kirov and Bolshoi.
Alas, my dreams of ballet stardom were not to be, but I was lucky enough to study abroad in the beautiful city of St. Petersburg, Russia during the autumn semester of my junior year of college.
St. Petersburg (Санкт-Петербург) was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and was the capital of the Russian empire for more than 200 years, until the Russian Revolution. It was known as the "Venice of the North" because it was built on a series of canals and islands at the mouth of the Neva River.
St. Petersburg Trip Reports
General St. Petersburg Hubs
The Bridges of St. Petersburg is a guide to some of the more than 300 beautiful bridges crisscrossing the city. These range from small foot bridges to multi-lane traffic bridges. In summer, when the Neva isn't frozen over, some of the main bridges are raised at night to allow ship traffic to pass through. Watching them rise is a favorite pastime of both locals and tourists, but be sure to watch from the side of the river you need to be on or you could get stuck!
Top Romantic Places To Visit in St. Petersburg, Russia is a guide to some of the most romantic sites of the city.
For a practical look at some of the annoyances and hazards of traveling to St. Petersburg, check out St. Petersburg, Russia Travel Tips.
The Museums of St. Petersburg
There are hundreds of wonderful museums in St. Petersburg. The most famous is the Hermitage, often named the finest art museum in the world. Located in Catherine the Great's magnificent Winter Palace, the Hermitage is home to more than 3 million works of art, of which only 5-10% are on display at any given time.
The highlights include the collections of Italian, Flemish, Dutch, Spanish, and Impressionist art. One of my personal favorites was the gorgeous Peacock Clock located in Pavilion Hall. Although it can be difficult to get in to see, I also can't recommend the incredible collection of Scythian gold in the Golden Rooms Special Collection highly enough.
Though it is often overlooked by foreigners, the nearby Russian Museum in Mikhailovsky Palace is home to one of the two finest collections of Russian art in the world, and should not be missed either.
In addition to these two wonderful art collections, there are museums for just about any topic you can imagine in St. Petersburg, from the Arctic & Antarctic Museum to the Museum of Political History to the GUVD (police) Museum to the Geological Museum and more!
History lovers should consider a trip to the Blockade Museum, which documents the nearly unimaginable tragedy of the 900 day Siege of Leningrad during World War 2. As many as 30,000 people died every day during some periods of the siege, mainly from starvation and disease. The total death toll reached more than 1,500,000 soldiers and civilians. Damage from shells and bombs can still be seen on buildings in some parts of the city, a daily reminder of the tragedy, which remains seared in the memories of those who lived through it or knew those who did.
The Performing Arts in St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg is home to the world renowned Kirov Ballet, which performs at the beautiful, historic Mariinsky Theater. St. Petersburg is also home to fine opera companies, theaters, symphonies, and other performing artists.
Inexpensive events calenders are available for purchase at many tourist kiosks around the city.
The Kirov's Uliana Lopatkina Performs The Dying Swan
Literary St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg has been home to many of Russia's greatest authors and poets, and there are many museums, memorials, and other monuments to Russia's brightest literary stars around the city, including the Akhmatova House Museum, the Blok House Museum, the Pushkin Flat Museum, and more.
The Dostoevsky Museum in St. Petersburg is one hubber's personal account of her visit to the Dostoevsky Museum. Dostoevsky's novel Crime and Punishment, in fact, was so steeped in the geography of his city that it is possible to trace the route of the murderer Raskolnikov! Guided "Crime and Punishment" tours are available, or you can trace the route by yourself with the help of a guidebook.
The Palaces of St. Petersburg
There are five main palace/parks outside the city that are worth visiting:
- Peterhof was built by Peter the Great, who patterned it after Versailles.
- Pushkin (formerly known as Tsarskoye Selo, the Tsar's Village) is actually a complex of several palaces, most notably the magnificent Catherine Palace built by Catherine the Great.
- Pavlovsk was built by Catherine's son Paul and his wife, Maria Feodorovna, and is best known for its lovely park.
- Gatchina is the most "castle"-like of the palaces, renovated by Tsar Paul I to suit his militaristic taste.
- Lomonosov was built by one of Peter the Great's closest advisers and was the only palace not captured and sacked by the Nazis during World War II.
Three Days in Pavlovsk is a personal account of my trips to Pavlovsk, one of the lesser known palaces outside the city.
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