ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visiting Pevensey Castle, Pevensey, England: a Roman and Norman structure which had military use up to World War Two

Updated on July 4, 2012
Flag of England
Flag of England | Source
Pevensey Castle, old book illustration
Pevensey Castle, old book illustration | Source
Inside the Keep, Pevensey Castle Viewed from the locked gates in the gatehouse.
Inside the Keep, Pevensey Castle Viewed from the locked gates in the gatehouse. | Source
Map location of Wealden District, East Sussex
Map location of Wealden District, East Sussex | Source

A powerful, psychological statement

This large castle has substantial surviving Roman elements.

Some history and features

Its outer walls, the intact character of which is remarkable after two millennia, encompass a smaller keep area, the wall of which are Norman in origin (bearing in mind the year of the Battle of Hastings was 1066). The durability of its stone walls has much to do with the structure's well-preserved status.

The keep area is enclosed, containing a number of dungeons; while there is free access for the public to the outer Roman wall enclosure, the is a charge for entry to the inner keep. The Castle is managed by English Heritage.

Striking evidence of the huge time-span which the history of the castle embraces is borne out by a monument near one of the castle entrances (1) bearing testimony to William the Conqueror's arrival in 1066 and to Queen Elizabeth II's visit in 1966. It is thus possible to become overwhelmed by a sense of the span of years which recorded events at this remarkable structure encompass.

In Roman times, the castle was known as Anderitum, and was built in order to fortify the Roman presence against the threat of Saxon attacks.

Amazingly, the military value of the Castle was still being recognized in World War Two, when troops were dug in; and lookouts used the castle walls against the threat of Nazi German invasion. As in 1066, so in the 1940s: the coast of Normandy is not far away on the other side of the English Channel from Pevensey. During World War Two, American and Canadian troops were stationed at the Castle (2).

Historically, Pevensey is one of the Cinque Ports. Pevensey is located in the Wealden District of England's East Sussex.

July 2, 2012

Note

(1) The castle divides Pevensey itself from the village of Westham; there is an entrance to the Castle from both villages; the monument to the visits of King William I and Queen Elizabeth II — one thousand years apart — is by the Pevensey entrance. In fact, visitors on foot approaching Pevensey from Westham are advised to walk through the castle grounds across the inner bailey, rather than attempt to follow the road linking the two villages, since parts of the road lack a sidewalk, resulting in a hazard to pedestrians.

(2) I recall on one of my visits that a guide to the castle, herself with Canadian links, was displaying a Canadian flag at the ticket window to the keep area.

Also worth seeing

In Pevensey itself, the High Street is picturesque, as is the nearby parish church; among the interesting old buildings are a former mint and a former courthouse.

In Westham village, adjacent to the Castle, is a parish church dating from 1086.

...

How to get there: United Airlines flies to London Heathrow Airport, where car rental is available. (Distance from London Heathrow to Pevensey : approx. 146 kilometres.) For access by road, take M25/M23/A23/A27. There are rail links to Pevensey and Westham railroad station from London Victoria station. Some facilities may be withdrawn without notice. Please check with the airline or your travel agent for up to date information.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)