As of the 9th of September 2014, there are 193 Member States of the United Nations. The criteria for UN membership are set out in Chapter II, Article 4 of the UN Charter. A country must be accepted by nine of the 15 members of the UN Security Council, including all five permanent members, and must then also be approved by a two-thirds majority vote of the UN General Assembly.
Beyond the membership of the UN General Assembly, things get a little more subjective. Different states grant recognition to different countries. Take Kosovo, for example: it cannot become a UN Member State as its independent existence is not recognised by Russia or China, both permanent members of the UN Security Council. However, as of the 9th of September 2014, it is recognised by the United States, 23 out of 28 members of the European Union (one notable exception being Spain), and many other UN Member States.
The granting or withholding of official recognition is often used as a political statement. Countries with potential breakaway regions of their own (like Spain, with its restive regions of Catalonia and the Basque Country) tend not to recognise breakaway entities for fear of legitimising domestic separatist movements. Patterns of recognition and non-recognition of disputed states are also often expressions of international alliance systems. Returning to the case of Kosovo, recognition tends to be granted by NATO and other allies of the United States, whilst it is withheld by Russia and Russian allies.
by romper20 4 years ago
How many countries have you been too?
by Lupozee 7 years ago
Iv only visited 9 countries so far
by Rob Welsh 7 years ago
How many countries have you travelled to?
by heohongtham 8 years ago
How many countries have you visited? And which do you like the best?
by Rebecca 6 years ago
How many countries have you lived in? What did you learn from your experiences?Personally I've only lived in England (where I'm from) and Germany. What I learned, besides improving my knowledge of Germany and the German language, is that while we may have some small differences, when it comes down...
by wendy87 7 years ago
How many countries have you visited and which one is best for living ?
Copyright © 2018 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
|HubPages Device ID||This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel||This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.|
|Remarketing Pixels||We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels||We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.|