Symptoms of Pulmonary Tuberculosis includes the following:
- Hemoptysis (having a blood-stained sputum or phlegm)
= The presence of blood phlegm or sputum is indicative that the Tubercle Bacilli
(the bacteria causing the disease) is already destroying lung tissues and thus
creating minute cavities.
- Night Sweats and Fever during the late afternoon and evening
- Loss of Appetite
- Body Malaise or Weakness
- Continuous coughing for more than two weeks, even if the patient is already taking cough medications.
- Weight Loss
Primarily Pulmonary Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Since the bacteria is considered "aerobic", it thrives more in areas that has sufficient amount of oxygen and thus strike most in lung tissues. The higher content of oxygen is usually found along the apex area of the lungs (the top part) and this is common, as evidenced by x-rays of many PTB patients.
Treatment of PTB entails the use of a multi-drug combination that is given in a period of time ranging from 6 months to 10 months, depending on the severity of the condition. With strict compliance to the regimen, prognosis of full complete recovery and treatment is high and assured. In the Philippines, the Department of Health has a adopted the TB-DOTS program (TB Direct Observed Treatment System) wherein the poor and indigent individuals afflicted with the disease are able to obtain free medication with the constant reminders and supervision of the public health workers. The main goal of the program is not only the availability of the medication, but to assure as well that patients will comply to the daily regimen required. This is so to prevent the occurrence of multiple-resistant PTB cases, wherein treatment of such will be far harder and costlier.