Magnesium sulfate, also known as Epsom salt, will improve plant vigor, productivity, and the quality of fruits and vegetables in soils with magnesium deficiency.
Permanently eliminate poison ivy from your yard or wooded areas using this thorough list of physical and herbicidal methods.
Leaves disfigured by wart-like bumps and spikes are usually caused by mites and are generally harmless to the infested tree.
There are several natural, safe ways to prevent or eliminate ants from your house, including vinegar, baking soda, and diatomaceous earth.
Make your own 3-ingredient weed killer with common household items to eliminate pesky weeds from your garden and sidewalk paths.
Shaking or jumping KitchenAid mixers are easily repaired by tightening the neck pin. Learn how to perform this easy repair to prevent further damage to your mixer.
Different chicken breeds lay eggs in many colors, including blue, green, brown, and white. The differences in color result from the pigment that permeates through the shell or is applied to the exterior of the shell.
Refinish the surface of your rusty dryer with epoxy spray paint made for appliances.
Camping with very young children can be a rewarding experience with the proper preparation and a few helpful tricks to make the adventure a little easier!
Located on opposite sides of the United States, many potential visitors to the Disney parks ask the question: Which park is better? There are differences in the size, type of planning required, and the amount of time needed for each park.
Did you know that up to 2% of genes in the human population are actually from Neanderthals? Mood disorders and sleeping patterns are among the traits influenced by these genes. Read on to learn more about the traits modern humans have in common with Neanderthals.
Disney World offers many unique experiences for teenagers. Try your hand at archery, horseback riding, or driving a motor boat on Bay Lake for a one-of-a-kind Disney experience!
What causes one person to have clear skin and another person to have severe, cystic acne? Discover the genetics behind the development of this skin condition, in addition to understanding how different treatment options work.
Know what to feed (and what not to feed) your beloved small pet to ensure a long and healthy life!
One of the four major parks located at Disney World, Epcot has the greatest variety and quality for in-park restaurants. International cuisine and unique dining experiences enhance everyone’s day at this exciting park!
Genetic testing is often recommended to women who have abnormal first trimester screening tests, for women of advanced maternal age, and for those considered high risk for certain genetic diseases.
Use secret strategies to avoid waiting in long lines at the Disney World Theme Park, including the single rider line, the use of Extra Magic Hours, and more!
Discover the best toys and techniques to encourage the development of receptive and expressive language for babies, toddlers, and preschoolers.
Four simple activities for fourth-grade students to explore science, technology, engineering, and math concepts.
Dominica is a mountainous, actively volcanic island in the Southern Caribbean. There are many beautiful places to visit and adventures to take on this gem of an island!
A full Blue and Gold ceremony script and program to have an exciting Cub Scout Star Wars banquet and crossing-over event.
Discover the best things to do in Epcot with small children. While Epcot is often thought of as a theme park suited better to adults than children, the park offers a wide variety of rides, shows, and activities for kids of all ages.
Women with facial hair have drawn interest and have been exploited throughout history. Famous women who were oppressed because of their beards were often driven to advocate for others. Causes of facial hair growth in women are also explored.
Entrepreneurs created a variety of “patent medicines” in a lucrative and dangerous business model prior to the advent of federal regulations to prevent patient harm.
Ride nature’s best roller coaster by braving the rapids in the New River. Children as young as 9 years of age may take to Class V rapids in an oar raft.
The New River Gorge National River offers hikers a spectacular view from the rim of a steep canyon and unique vantage points of the third highest bridge in the United States.
Sea kayaking through caves and over kelp forests at this National Park off the coast of Southern California is a magnificent experience. Read on to find out more about this family-friendly activity.
Quebec offers many adventuresome activities for the entire family, including wildlife safaris, via ferrata routes, and the ability to see beluga whales in the wild.
This slime changes color with the temperature, due to heat-sensitive pigment embedded in the recipe.
Explore science and engineering activities geared for third-grade students using inexpensive and accessible materials. Lava lamps, helicopters, and marble mazes allow young scientists to explore!
Primitive camping with a cochlear implant can be a challenging experience. Campers must prepare for a lack of electricity, weather, storage of small parts, and the potential for broken processor compo
Prevent predators from entering and killing your chickens by creating a predator-proof chicken coop and chicken run.
Create an edible, candy geode with this recipe that uses simple sugar crystals and chocolate.
The best backyard chicken breeds are friendly and provide a sufficient quantity of eggs. Breeds such as the Silver Gray Dorking and Buff Orpington are excellent choices for a backyard flock.
Learn about the materials needed to fly a model rocket for the first time. Ready-to-fly rocket kits are fun for the entire family!
Basic rules for playing Steal the Bacon, a fun game for a large group of children. Academic variations are listed to add an educational twist.
Creative ways to create an outer space or Star Wars themed bedroom.
Surgery is typically performed for severe laryngomalacia when sleep apnea or growth failure are present. What to expect when your child has a supraglottoplasty or epiglottopexy.
The sweat chloride test for cystic fibrosis measures chloride ions in an individual's sweat. A positive result indicates the presence of cystic fibrosis.
While tonsillectomies are relatively common, the recovery is grueling and longer than many parents expect it to be. What to expect after a tonsillectomy in children.
What bulbs bloom first in spring? Find the best early blooming spring bulbs that put a punch of color in the garden as the snow begins to melt.
Rabies is found throughout the world, caused by lyssavirus that is transmitted through bite wounds. The disease is now treatable, though the success rates vary immensely.
Where are the world's supervolcanoes? The Western United States, Italy, New Zealand, and Asia all contain volcanoes capable of catastrophic eruptions.
Sleep architecture is the amount of time spent in each sleep cycle. Abnormal architecture may be caused by sleep-disordered breathing, periodic leg movements, or other sleep disorders.
The Green Machine Big Wheel is a bike that allows for spins and slides and offers a great deal of fun for kids (and even adults)!
Treat your carpet stains with simple and inexpensive homemade carpet cleaning solutions.
Prevent heartburn in pregnancy by avoiding fatty foods, caffeine, and elevating the head of your bed. Ginger and calcium carbonate (Tums) are effective at alleviating acid reflux symptoms!
Pink dye ovulation testing kits, digital kits, and a fertility monitor system are available to help women pinpoint ovulation. Learn about the pros and cons of each testing system.
There are several pink lakes around the globe, caused by a high level of salinity and the growth of archaea that produce a rosy color to the water.
Make a baking soda volcano in this classic science project for kids.
Slow rising hCG levels may indicate an ectopic pregnancy. Normal pregnancies should demonstrate a hormone doubling time of 48-72 hours.
Many women experience a reduction in nausea and an increase in energy in the 11th week of pregnancy. The first trimester screening test will be offered sometime between 11-13 weeks of pregnancy.
Make a pie using real pumpkins with this easy recipe!
Legoland California is a great amusement park designed for families with children under the age of 12. A review of the theme park rides and attractions.
Washington, D.C. is a fantastic city to visit with children. Take the metro and discover the best Smithsonian museums, monuments, and other kid-friendly attractions in our nation's capital.
At nine weeks of pregnancy, baby is about the size of a grape or an olive. The baby is moving constantly, though these movements cannot be felt yet, as the baby is too small to generate a lot of force with those kicks!
At 8 weeks of pregnancy, morning sickness, heartburn, and other symptoms are often present. The embryo begins to form a facial profile and fingers and toes start to appear!
The sixth week of pregnancy is an exciting one: The baby's umbilical cord starts to develop and the heart starts to beat! Many women have their first doctor's appointment at this stage of pregnancy.
What happens during the fifth week of pregnancy? The spherical bundle of cells undergoes a radical transformation in the fifth week of pregnancy, developing the three layers that will create all of the baby's organs.
There are many natural treatments for fertility, including Vitex, soy isoflavones, and maca root. Learn about the common dosages used by women trying to conceive!
Congratulations! At four weeks of pregnancy, most new mothers are just discovering they are pregnant with a home pregnancy test. What to expect in this week of pregnancy.
Recycle toilet paper rolls into binoculars, a kazoo, race tracks, marble runs, and other fun toys for toddlers. These inexpensive crafts will inspire a lot of imaginative play!
Fevers are a body's natural method for fighting of viral or bacterial infections. Sometimes, however, it is necessary to lower a fever—a combination of fever-reducing medications and natural fever reducers may be used to comfort a sick child.
Miscarriage is a surprisingly frequent occurrence in early pregnancy. Learn the signs of a threatened miscarriage - and the chances of having a healthy pregnancy after a loss.
Spotting in pregnancy occurs in up to 1/3 of all pregnant women. What is normal,and what implies a problem with the pregnancy? Does spotting mean a miscarriage will occur? Questions and answers about bleeding in early pregnancy.
The most accurate pregnancy test is a quantitative blood test, ordered by your doctor. Home urine tests are increasingly sensitive to low levels of hCG, and some may detect pregnancy as early as six days before a missed menstrual cycle.
Get ready for baby—39 weeks of pregnancy is the last week until your official due date. Your baby is full-term and gaining weight, while you become more uncomfortable! Learn more about what you can expect during this week of pregnancy.
Delayed gastric emptying, or gastroparesis, causes bloating and a feeling of being "full," even when a small amount of food is consumed. The disorder ranges in severity and can be extremely debilitating for children.
What do you really need for your newborn baby? There are many products on the market, many of which you'll never use. A checklist of items you will need before you bring your baby home!
What is the reason behind morning sickness? The extreme nausea felt in early pregnancy has a purpose: to protect the fragile, developing embryo from environmental toxins.
von Willebrand's Disease is the most common clotting disorder in dogs. There are three types of the disorder. The first type of vWD is the most common, and the mildest, of the disorders.
Putting the garden to bed for the winter is an important gardening task. Clearing up debris, cutting back perennials, composting, and mulching will create a healthier spring garden!
Infectious diseases can cause harm to a developing baby, and may even result in miscarriage or stillbirth. Many of these diseases are preventable: learn how to avoid infection during your pregnancy.
Learn how to give your dog medication in the event of an allergic reaction to bee stings. This knowledge could buy your dog time and save his life!
The cochlea is located in the inner ear and is the main hearing organ. Outer and inner hair cells detect and transmit information about sound volume and frequency to the auditory nerve.
Human babies develop from a single, fertilized cell to a full term infant in the course of forty weeks. Learn about the stages of prenatal development from the first signs of pregnancy through birth.
Hearing in the presence of background noise or from a distance is frustrating for those with hearing loss. The use of assistive listening devices (ALD's) increases sound quality for a variety of applications.
The semicircular canals are located in the inner ear and are responsible for detecting motion and acceleration. Disorders of the vestibular system include Meniere's Disease and Benign Peroxysmal Positional Vertigo.
Speech and language delays are a concern for many parents, who wonder if their child is simply a "late talker"or if there is a true language disorder present. Learn the signs of a language delay: early intervention is vital to successful treatment.
Acidic soil will cause growth failure in plants, as they are unable to take up the necessary nutrients to thrive. Increase soil pH by adding lime or wood ashes at the appropriate time of year!
Parthenogenesis is the development of an egg into a complete organism without the need for fertilization by a male. This process is responsible for "virgin births" in the animal world and has been recorded in several insect, amphibian, and reptilian species.
Ceramic knives maintain a sharp edge and are extremely useful for cutting fruits and vegetables. The knives are not, however, universal kitchen knives and may not be used to cut frozen food or through bone.
There are many outdoor activities available on the American side of Niagara Falls, including hikes, jet boats, an ancient military fort, and helicopter rides.
What is the difference between picky eating and a feeding problem? Learn the top ten signs that signal the need for medical investigation of picky eating in children.
There are many outdoor activities in the Finger Lakes region of New York State. Hiking, fishing, camping, canoeing, geocaching, and pick-your-own farms are abundant in this natural playground.
Conductive hearing loss is generally correctable through surgery or medication. In some cases, a bone anchored hearing aid solution may be required. Learn about the causes and treatment options for this type of hearing loss.
Sometimes a stroller is needed for an older, larger child. This article reviews different stroller types for big kids, and provides examples of stroller alternatives, jogging strollers, and large umbrella strollers.
Make your own French Bread with some flour, salt, yeast, water, and a little sugar and vegetable oil. This recipe makes two baguettes that may be used as a side to a hearty soup, as crostini, or sliced and used to make French toast. While the dough takes time to rise, the process of making your own...
This dairy-free chocolate cake recipe heralds from the Great Depression, when milk, butter, and eggs were too expensive for use in desserts. Wacky cake is vegan and dairy-free.
This simple pasta salad recipe is a traditional side dish at picnics and summer potlucks. This dish takes less than 30 minutes to prepare, making it the perfect last-minute recipe for any gathering. Serve it as a side dish with BBQ chicken, or eat it on its own as a tasty lunch!
Three recipes for gummy worms: the first two are all-natural and great for families following the Feingold diet. The last recipe contains artificial dyes and colors but is made with fruit juice rather than high fructose corn syrup. Make your own gummy worms at home for a healthier candy treat!
Freeze drying is used for many industrial purposes, including document restoration, taxidermy, and food preservation. Lyophilization is used by the military, drug companies, and NASA.
Biotech companies are striving to find new cancer treatments using immune therapies and targeted biologics. New detection and screening tests are also under development to diagnose patients earlier.
Putting in a child's hearing aid requires more than simply inserting the aid: the hearing aid must be inspected daily and a listening check must be performed. Learn how to perform the Ling 6 Sound test with a child's hearing aids to ensure great hearing quality!
Many families are distraught when they learn most insurance companies do not cover hearing aids. There are many resources to help pay for a child's hearing aids: from charitable organization to insurance appeal letters, this article explores the options for families seeking financial assistance for...
This article discusses how to create a simple garden, and the many considerations involved. Sample plans for different situations are included.
Noise induced hearing loss is on the rise in children: learn how to protect your child's hearing by preventing or reducing exposure to damaging noise volumes. Other causes of acquired hearing loss are explored, with ways to reduce or prevent the likelihood of childhood deafness. Hearing protection...
There are many techniques used in the microbiology lab. DNA cloning, polymerase chain reaction, and gel electrophoresis allow for the amplification and separation of genetic material. RT-PCR, Southern Blotting, and Microarrays allow for the quantification of nucleic acids: learn about the various...
How to identify poison ivy and distinguish it from other, similar plants in the woods. Poison ivy images and description, along with examples of mimic plants. This article also includes prevention tips and treatment options, including natural remedies.
Skeleton leaves are beautiful, delicate, and lacy. It is easy to make skeleton leaves at home: this video shows you how to make skeleton leaves with two different methods. One is easy, but takes a lot of time. The other is fast, but requires a steady hand. Leaf skeletons are wonderful for use in...
Prior to the discovery of blood groups, blood transfusions were often deadly. Physicians attempted the use of milk and animal blood as an alternative to human blood, but met with limited success: the discovery of blood types allowed modern transfusions to safely take place. Blood typing, blood...
Recess was once an accepted part of a child's school day. With increasing pressures for academic success, many schools are cutting or eliminating play time in favor of rigorous academic pursuits. Many schools are built without playgrounds in cities like Chicago and Atlanta. Research shows recess...
Trotula was a female physician in the 11th century. Her medical writings influenced women's healthcare during the Middle Ages. Medical advice on childbirth and women's health was based on Galen's philosophy. Trotula was a revered doctor, and her medical beliefs are fascinating.
A basic discussion on the null hypothesis, z-scores, and probability. This article includes examples of the null hypothesis, one-tailed, and two-tailed tests. A coin is tossed and comes up tails ten times: is this just random chance, or is an unfair coin being used? Learn when to reject the null...
Hair color is primarily genetic, and red hair is caused by mutations in the MC1R gene. The gene for red hair also causes an increased sensitivity to sunlight and a reduced sensitivity to anesthesia. Contrary to internet rumors, redheads are not going extinct! Famous redheads include Queen Elizabeth...
There are many dolphin tours in Myrtle Beach, but our family prefers the Blue Wave Adventures tour operated out of Murrell's Inlet, South Carolina. The boat is small and able to get close to the wild dolphins, and the crew is environmentally conscientious and knowledgeable. A review of our dolphin...
The Grand Prix Race Park (formerly known as Nascar Speedpark) in Myrtle Beach is a wonderful go-kart theme park for families with children between the ages of 5-18.
A review of the Medieval Times dinner show and tournament in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Our family visited the Myrtle Beach castle with two children, ages six and four, and had a fantastic time watching jousting, falconry, and eating "medieval style" at the Myrtle Beach castle.
Avoid the Ripley's Aquarium in Myrtle Beach when it is crowded, as the price of admission is high and the aquarium is quite small. The time spent waiting in line was easily double the time spent actually viewing the attractions. A review of the aquarium in Myrtle Beach, with our personal...
This no-bake cherry cheesecake recipe is extremely simple to make. As part of the Kids Cook Monday campaign, my four-year-old prepared this dessert with almost no assistance. The tart cream cheese filling balances off the cherry topping nicely, and makes a wonderful dessert for a hot day!
A criminal slang known as "Patter Flash" was used among pickpockets and thieves in 19th century London. This criminal slang was used to confuse police and create a secret mode of communication between thieves, who often worked in large gangs known as battalions.
Make a complete, healthy dinner using economical chicken thighs, broccoli, carrots, rice, and a thin gravy sauce. This dinner is nutritious, and kids can help to prepare the vegetables: kids who cook are more likely to try new foods!
Reupholstering chairs is an easy home improvement project anyone can do: there is no sewing required. If you can use a staple gun and a pair of scissors, you can upholster a dining room chair! Give your house a new, fresh look with this simple DIY project.
Great toys for three year olds are simple and meet the developmental needs of a child moving from babyhood to childhood. Preschoolers need toys that foster language, gross motor, and social/emotional development. Don't break the bank—find out what toys matter for this age group!
There is a lot of criticism regarding the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act). This article examines the criticisms and provides a personal example of success. Equal opportunity and access to education is highly successful for the majority of students receiving specialized services.
Music education is highly important for young children, increasing math skills, fine motor coordination, and helping children learn the benefits of perseverance and delayed gratification. Think your child is ready for music lessons? Consider the age of the child, developmental readiness, and time...
Make all-natural, delicious granola bars out of oats, dried fruit, and honey with this great recipe for kids to make with their parents. This recipe includes prunes and dried apricots, but the dried fruit can be modified to create endless varieties.
Avoid the artificial chemicals and flavors of commercial microwave popcorn packets and make your own nutritious, flavorful popcorn for pennies on the dollar! This video tutorial demonstrates how to make homemade microwave popcorn in three easy steps.
Bring Forsythia branches indoors to force the flowers to bloom, even in the middle of winter! Bright yellow flowers are a welcome ray of sunshine during dreary winter months. Forcing forsythia branches is extremely easy to do!
Chocolate bars have a dark, often untold story of human trafficking and child slavery. Cocoa plantations on the Ivory Coast use unpaid child labor to harvest the cocoa beans, often employing tactics such as physical abuse by overseers on plantations in West Africa.
The 1705 Virginia Slave Act turned indentured servants into slaves for life, removed legal protection against torture and murder of slaves, and required runaway slaves to be returned to their owners.
The Nissen Fundoplication is an anti-reflux surgery used for uncontrollable reflux (GERD) in children. Our personal journey through the decision-making process for this surgery, after medical therapy for our son's LPR reflux failed. This article is for parents making the gut-wrenching decision to...
The Suzuki method is enormously popular in the United States and Japan. While the method was originally used to teach violin, many children learn to play piano (and other instruments) with this method. The Suzuki method allows very young children to play music by ear before progressing to sight...
With the discovery of this "elixir of life" came anabolic steroid abuse, treatments for those suffering from low testosterone, and research into the effects of testosterone on the developing fetus.
A demonstration of how to clean silver with baking soda and aluminum foil: the aluminum reduces the oxidation on the silver, allowing the silver metal to return to its shiny state. Silver tarnish is silver sulfide, and heavily tarnished items may create a sulfur odor when this method is employed.
A photo gallery of Glendalough, an ancient monastery in County Wicklow, Ireland. The area boasts ancient churches, a man-made "cave" used for private worship or sleep, two lakes,and spectacular scenery. Glendalough is also part of the Wicklow Way hiking trail.
Choosing a preschool program is a difficult choice for parents seeking a quality early childhood education curriculum for their children. This article addresses several areas of concern and suggests questions and observations parents should make before deciding on a preschool program for their...
The State of New York has a beautiful array of mushrooms and other fungi growing among the oak, maple, and beech forests. This photo gallery of orange and yellow mushrooms was taken in Frewsburg, a town in the "Southern Tier" of Western New York. Many of these mushrooms can be found in the wider...
Chimeras contain DNA from two different sources. An unusual case of human chimerism and animal chimeras created for commercial use are explored in this article.
Why do car seats expire? The reason is not due to the manufacturer's desire to sell more car seats: in truth, the plastic in car seats breaks down over time and the seats become weak and unsafe for use in the event of a car accident. Learn how to identify a car seat's expiration date and how to...
Letterboxing is a great activity for families, involving low-tech, low-cost stamps and paper, an imagination, and an adventurous spirit to seek out hand-carved stamps and logbooks hidden all over the country. Learn how to find letterboxes and how to engage in this fun pastime!
The Lego company didn't always manufacture little plastic bricks—the first interlocking bricks were made in 1947! In the 60s, they became wildly successful with a series of motorized trains, still prized by collectors. Learn how to identify vintage Legos and buy cheap sets online through eBay.
Auditory Illusions are created by the human mind, in an attempt to make sense out of incongruous noise. Vision, stereo hearing, and the brain's ability to fill in the gaps create reproducible sound illusions. This article contains the McGurk Effect, Falling Bells, and Shepard tones, among others.
Traveling with a 2 year old child can be quite challenging, particularly when the travel plan includes a long flight. Tips for entertaining toddlers on long road trips, including safety in major airports, changing diapers in airplane bathrooms, and great toys to keep kids entertained!
Paleontologist Jack Horner has a plan to reverse-engineer dinosaurs from modern birds. Believe it or not, a chickenosaurus (or, more likely, an Emu-Saurus) may be headed to a laboratory near you!
How to make homemade gummy candies with real fruit juice: this recipe is simple, and only requires three ingredients. Make your own homemade gummies in half an hour!
Tomatillos are easy to grow and are resistant to many pests and diseases. This fruit is extremely nutritious and is the main ingredient in salsa verde. Learn how to grow and prepare tomatillos.
There are few CPap masks for children on the market. Our personal experience with three Cpap masks, used for preschool-aged children. The Minime, FitLife, and Child Lite Masks are reviewed.
Make your own fruit leather with three simple ingredients. Homemade fruit leather is much healthier than the commercial "fruit roll-ups," which are made with high fructose corn syrup and artificial dyes and flavors.
Watermelon jelly is delicious and very easy to make. This bright and flavorful jam cannot be found in supermarkets and makes a unique homemade gift. Watermelon, pectin, lemon juice, and sugar are the only ingredients required!
Know what to expect when a 24-hour pH/impedance probe monitoring study is ordered for your child to verify the presence of acid reflux and to determine the severity of any GERD that is present.
Make jelly from Queen Anne's Lace: The flower creates a beautiful, pink jelly with the flavor of honey. Making jelly from edible flowers creates beautiful homemade gifts for friends and family alike!
Candy Apple Jelly is a simple apple jelly recipe that uses only four ingredients. The jelly tastes like baked apples, and makes a wonderful Christmas or Thanksgiving gift!
The edible Queen Anne's lace (wild carrot) should be properly identified to avoid confusion with the deadly hemlock plant. Knowing the differences between these two plants could literally save your life!
How to grow Sugar Baby Watermelons from seed, determine when the watermelons are ripe, and harvest the watermelons.
How to grow and harvest Orange Tendersweet Watermelon from seed. This watermelon has a pale orange flesh and a crisp, light flavor.
Voodoo zombies are an actual phenomenon discovered by Wade Davis, an ethnobiologist who researched the astonishing case of Clairvius Narcisse. Skeptics question Davis's findings: are zombies real?
A synopsis of witch hunts and witch trials across Europe, including witch tests and real examples of accused witches in France and Scotland.
CPAP use is not common in children, and it can be hard to find practical advice for helping children adjust to this therapy. A basic guide for starting CPAP therapy in children with sleep apnea.
"The Blue People of Kentucky" are not a myth. They are members of the Fugate family, who carry a rare, recessive gene that makes their skin appear blue.
Whether you're traveling by car or by plane, it can be hard to keep your one-year-old entertained. Here are some great travel tips and toys that will make it a little easier.
Laryngomalacia is a fairly common problem in infants and can sometimes cause serious problems. Read about our journey with complicated laryngomalacia, and the causes and treatments for this disorder.
Midway Park, NY offers rides and amusements for families with small children. Ride prices, photos, and location of Midway State Park.
What to expect when your child has a sleep study. This is our personal experience with pediatric sleep apnea.
Artificial chemicals are widespread in modern food, especially those that are mass-produced for convenience and a longer shelf-life. Which food chemicals are safe, and which are potentially harmful? This article explores chemicals that are commonly added to food in the modern age.
Sailing with children is a rewarding experience: this article contains tips for parents who want to develop a love of sailing in their children.
How to make and can strawberry jam, including instructions for canning the jam and storing the jam.
Driving from Buffalo, NY to Disney World offers flexibility and cost savings to families: this article offers tips and strategies for Disney-bound families who want to take a road trip.
Intex pools are a wonderful, inexpensive option for families desiring an above-ground swimming pool. Learn how to clear up a cloudy Intex pool, and how to choose the right accessories to maintain the swimming fun through the summer.
The heterozygote advantage is shown in several genetic diseases: cystic fibrosis heterozygotes are resistant to cholera, thalassemia trait confers a benefit for coronary artery disease.
Crate training is the fastest way to achieve a potty trained puppy. Learn how it works!
These particular churches in Ireland that confined approximately 30,000 women in prisons were known as Magdalene Laundries. Both Catholic and Protestant Magdalene Laundries existed as a way for the church to control the lives of Irish women: their children were stolen, along with their lives.
Hearing loss simulations are very useful for educating parents, teachers, and friends about what a hearing loss "sounds" like. This article also explains the different levels of hearing loss.
How to choose glasses for children, and how to buy kids eyeglasses online, including measurements and online eyeglasses manufacturers for kids.
The Y chromosome contains haplogroups which allow people to trace their family history, genes which control male development, and may actually be disappearing.
Preschool vision screening can catch many vision problems, but is not foolproof. How preschool vision screening works, and our personal experience with a failed preschool vision screen.
What is the difference between a zoologist and a zookeeper? This article explores zookeeper careers, salary ranges, and educational requirements.
Toddlers and preschoolers may refuse to wear their hearing aids. This article offers practical advise for keeping hearing aids on a child for each developmental stage.
Potassium Iodide pills are given to victims of radiation exposure. This form of iodine blocks the radioactive iodine from binding to receptor sites in the thyroid. Chernobyl victims suffered from thyroid cancer, and the danger is elevated with the recent meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear reactor.
Russia's domesticated silver fox experiment gives genetic clues to the process of animal domestication. Wild foxes from fur farms have been domesticated and made available for the pet trade.
There was a time when Christmas and Easter were banned in England and in Boston, under the power of the Puritan leaders who rejected the holidays as an excuse to indulge in sinful behavior.
Adult giraffes do vocalize, but the sound is low-frequency and barely within the hearing range of a human's ear. Baby giraffes make an audible sound, similar to a cow's moo!
Different swim aids and toddler swim floats are discussed in this article, from all-in-one flotation swim suits to inflatable arm bands (water wings).
The Mayville Ice Castle is built in Mayville, New York each President's Day weekend, bringing a festive atmosphere of winter celebration to this Chautauqua County town.
What is the history behind the common wishing well? Why do people throw money into water? Discover the origins of the wishing well: appeasing water gods in ancient lands eventually led to the quaint practice of tossing a coin and believing on a wish.
Preschoolers will love to ski, as long as their specific needs are kept in mind! Use ski gear meant for preschoolers, such as a ski bib with handles, to help little ones on and off the lift.
How to patch kid's jeans and add appliques to make cool knee patches. Instead of throwing jeans away, simply patch the hole: it saves the environment and your wallet at the same time!
The oldest marbles were made from clay, though old marbles may also be made from metal, glass, or stone. Learn how to identify and display vintage marbles.
Owning a vintage Hawaiian shirt is like owning a piece of island history. Learn how to identify and care for vintage Hawaiian shirts!
Black-and-white photographs can be colorized using digital photo editing software. This tutorial offers step-by-step instructions on how to use GIMP to add a touch of color to old photographs.
Whether a child plays youth hockey or simply adores watching the sport, creating a hockey room will create much joy in the life of the little hockey player. Several products are listed to create the perfect hockey room.
A review of the Kindle book Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself. This riveting book was written by Harriet Jacobs (Linda Brent), a young girl terrorized by slavery.
Free resources for parents of deaf and hard-of-hearing children. Free advocacy training, distance education courses, and magazines are available to families of young children diagnosed with hearing loss.
How to do chroma key in GIMP: replacing a plain (blue or green screen) background with a new scene.
Traditional, acoustic hearing aids have come a long way. The Esteem Hearing Implant overcomes the problems with traditional hearing aids: eliminate feedback and go swimming with the Esteem Implant!
How to create coloring book pages from photographs, using GIMP, the free photo editing software.
Create photos with a unique metallic tinge - this method creates beautiful gold-tone, copper-tone, or silver-tone images using GIMP, the free software editor.
How to turn photos into cartoon drawings using GIMP, the free photo editing software.
The Chautauqua Gorge is a beautiful swimming hole with waterfalls, a short distance from the world-famous Chautauqua Institute.
Any photo can be turned into a stunning piece of art by using selective colorization. Use the free GIMP photo editing software to create a black and white photo with a splash of color!
Learn how to create digital scrapbook pages with GIMP, the free photo editor. This article includes a video tutorial for those new to the GIMP photo editing program.
A summary of rides at Disneyland California Adventures theme park that are suitable for toddlers and preschoolers.
These simple-but-festive turkey cookies are made from Oreos, candy corn, and Whoppers candy. They are an excellent dessert idea for Thanksgiving!
These snowman pretzel rod snacks are simple to make, and children will love the adorable snowmen for a winter treat!
A review of the Duggar family laundry soap recipe and the effectiveness of homemade laundry detergent.
Pittsburgh is a wonderful city to visit with preschoolers. A sample three day touring plan and links to the wonderful child-friendly destinations in Pittsburgh.
Acid reflux can present with a dizzying array of strange symptoms in small children. A personal account of one child's struggle to grow because of severe gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
The newborn hearing screening test is an objective way of determining how well a new baby hears. Early detection of hearing loss is vital as spoken language is dependent on access to sound.
A list of the best picture books and chapter books for children with hearing loss. These books are about children with hearing aids, cochlear implants, and deafness in today's society.
Accessories and methods to improve the water-resistance of hearing aids and cochlear implants.