Always use a tripod for landscapes/fireworks,etc. (or a wall or similar surface as a last resort.) If shooting with a digital slr, use an off camera flash for (or take the flash off the shoe by connecting it to a cable) making photos of people.
If you want to avoid the common bright flash/dark background photo that washes out skin colors, use the flash setting to reduce the output (-1/2, -1, etc.) OR
for a cool effect, place the camera on manual, set the shutter speed to 1 or 2 seconds and turn the flash on. You will get somewhat unpredictable areas of focus and movement, with truer night colors; OR
If possible increase the exposure by a.) Opening up the aperture b.) Decreasing the shutter speed (no slower than 15 to 30 seconds-and that is pushing it,) or c.)Both.
Hope this helps!
This really depends a lot on the subjects that you intend on photographing: Use a tripod at all times.
If the subjects are stationary use the auto mode if there is ambient light or use flash. Keep in mind that ambient light can often create subtle effects which are often very pleasing and flash can overpower the scene producing a "washed out" effect. Depending on the available ambient light, your manual setting should last anywhere from 15 seconds up to 2 or 4 minutes.
If your subjects are moving, then use a flash, set your camera shutter setting to 60 (the traditional shutter speed when using flash). For people, have them look at your shoulders or just below the camera to avoid the "red eye" effect.
For special subjects such as fireworks, lighting strikes: set the camera on a sturdy tripod, aim in the general direction of the action, manually set the shutter speed to "B" (bulb). The shutter will remain open so long as you depress the shutter. You can obtain multiple images on one frame with this method.
Consider using a remote trigger or cable to minimize camera shake.
There are many more tips but these are the basics.
Try to get the movement of cars and their lights. Try standing on the side walk of a street with moderate car flow. Make sure the cars are behind you. Set your camera on a tripod in slow speed. Take the picture and when you see it the cars won't be there only the beams of light looking like lightning behind you. You can try that.
Usually People should follow this 9 tips for night photography:
Night Photography Tip 1: Get high quality night shots
Night Photography Tip 2: Use a tripod for sharp pictures
Night Photography Tip 3: Pick your night photography locations in advance
Night Photography Tip 4: Use the lens sweet spot
Night Photography Tip 5: Night photography settings
Night Photography Tip 6: How to get a ‘starburst’ effect on street lights
Night Photography Tip 7: Composition at night
Night Photography Tip 8: Use Mirror Lock-up
Night Photography Tip 9: Don’t touch your camera!
For more detail visit : http://www.idealmomentphotography.com/
Stability is key since no matter what you are shooting it will be a longer exposure then daylight would. So a tripod or a monopod are a must.
If you have one use a lens with vibration reduction on it as that will help.
If your subject is something that wont move (a building, plant, city skyline, etc) Use a tripod on shutter priority mode and take a longer exposure with your ISO on it's lowest setting.
if moving use aperture priority and keep the aperture low. This will give you a faster shutter speed at the cost of depth of field. You can also bump up the exposure and ISO settings to speed up the shutter speed even more. What ISO your camera can handle depends on the camera and your photoshop/lightroom skill.
good luck and feel free to reach out to me if you have any other photo questions.
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