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Spanish Lesson Forty-Five: The Conditional Tense

Updated on April 22, 2013

Good Evening Readers!

Hey everyone! I know it's later than normal. I hope you are all enjoying your Sunday. :) I wanted to start by extending my gratitude to all the readers out there who come every week to learn a bit of Spanish from me. Like I've said, I'm not fluent, but I have the skills that are sufficient enough to each another willing person to learn the Spanish language. I took several years of it in high school have practiced with many native speakers. In fact, they compliment my skills at listening, reading, writing, and speaking the Spanish language. So you're in good hands. If I don't know something too well, I research it effectively before attempting to teach it. So last week was a short lesson about practicing your Spanish. This particular topic will always resurface every so often. it's just so important...

This week I've decided to teach you all the penultimate Simple Tense in Spanish called the Conditional Tense. It's pretty easy to learn and use, nothing too complex or crazy. So today let's work on learning the Conditional Tense in Spanish.

Today's Goals: To be able to conjugate and utilize verbs in the Conditional Tense. To be able to determine when the conditional tense can be used.

Today's Vocabulary

So last week I mentioned that I will no longer feature Reflexive Verbs on the vocabulary list simply because I've gone through my list twice. From now on there will be ten regular verbs presented in the verb section of the vocabulary. Also remember that that same vocabulary is featured in the homework each week. So keep your eye out for that.

Today's Tips: Take a break everyone once in a while, clear your mind. Sometimes you'd be surprised at what you remember off the cuff.

Verbs

To Insist/To Persist/To Stress: Insistir

To Introduce: Introducir

To Intive: Invitar

To Go: Ir

To Play (A Game or Sport): Jugar

To Join/To Unite/To Connect: Juntar

To Swear/To Take An Oath: Jurar

To Judge: Juzgar

To Throw/To Hurl/To Fling/To Launch: Lanzar

To Wash: Lavar

Nouns

Foot: El Pie

Toe: El Dedo de Pie

Hand: El Mano

Back: La Espalda

Stomach: El Estómago

Chest: El Pecho

Neck: El Cuello


Adjectives

Brazilian: Brasileño(a)

Colombian: Colombiano(a)

Native American: El/La Americano(a) Nativo(a)

Indian: El/La Indio(a)

Portuguese: La Portuguésa

Warm-Up

Hey hey! Time for the warm-up of the day! We're going to have another three question quiz. This time it's going to come from Lesson Sixteen. If you all haven't read that lesson, head back to it by clicking on the link. Hope you enjoy. Read the chart that follows and I'll explain the Conditional Tense.

Conjugating Into The Conditional

Subject
AR Verb + Ending
ER/IR Verb + Ending
Yo
Ía
Ía
Ías
Ías
Él/Ella/Usted
Ía
Ía
Nosotros
Íamos
Íamos
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Ían
Ían

Using The Conditional

Hey Readers. So here we are learning a new tense in the Spanish language. If you'll notice above, the setup is quite similar to the Future Tense in Spanish. This being that the verb remains as is, but gets a new attachment at the end. This is definitely the case with the Conditional Tense. So conjugation is extremely easy. All you gotta do is add the ending to reflect the subject. Now the real pickle is knowing when to use the actual Conditional Tense. There are certain points and times to use this tense just like all the rest. Read the guidelines. The Conditional Tense should be used...


  1. When discussing the probability or possibility of an action that is to take place.
  2. When discussing wonder or conjecture.
  3. When discussing things that would, could, must have, or probably happened.


Think of The Conditional Tense as another future tense, but with a bit of doubt or hope. Think of it like the "Future Subjunctive" There is doubt in the statement as it would, could, must, or probably happened. Now would can be perceive as certain, but one can say they will do something, but not. So in that case of would the Conditional Tense is still used. Let's see this tense in a few examples:


Dije que terminaría la lección más tarde. I said that I would finish the lesson later. Note that the original part of the sentence is in the preterit. That action was activated and completed in the past. The Conditional is used to determine something I "Would Finish".- Probability or Possibility

¿Qué hora sería cuando Manuel salió? What time could it have been (or must have been) when Manuel left?- Wonder

Estaríamos cansados cuando llagaste. We might have been (or probably, or must have been) tired when you arrived.- Conjecture


Oh! Don't forget to use The Conditional when discussing something you would like to do. Use the verb Gustar for this purchase.

Me gustaría cocinar huevos. I would like to cook eggs. Use gustar to describe things you would like do.


Lastly, there are Irregulars in the Conditional Tense. Just read those for the Future Tense. They are exactly the same. If you want a look at those again, click here.

Source

Homework

Well we've reached this point again. It looks like it's time to continue conjugating verbs. These reviews have helped, I hoped. So let's keep on going down the list of verbs. The verbs that have been listed will need to be conjugated in the Present Indicative, Preterit, Imperfect Indicative. These are the most important tenses to know, so let's conjugate some words!


If you need anything, refer to: Lesson Five, Lesson Twenty,Lesson Twenty-Five, and Lesson Thirty-Five.


Acusar (To Accuse)

Adelantar (To Advance, To Keep On, To Progress, To Go Ahead)

Adelantarse (To Go Forward, To Go Ahead, To Move Ahead, To Take The Lead)


Oh! Stop by next week and we'll discuss Affirmatives and Negatives. That'll be something... stop on by for that! :)

Present Indicative Answers

Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Acostumbrar
Acostumbro
Acostumbras
Acostumbra
Acostumbramos
Acostumbran
Acuchillar
Acuchillo
Acuchillas
Acuchilla
Acuchillamos
Acuchillan
Acudir
Acudo
Acudes
Acude
Acudimos
Acuden

Preterit Answers

Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Acostumbrar
Acostumbré
Acostumbraste
Acostumbró
Acostumbramos
Acostumbraron
Acuchillar
Acuchillé
Acuchillaste
Acuchilló
Acuchillamos
Acuchillaron
Acudir
Acudí
Acudiste
Acudió
Acudimos
Acudieron

Indicative Imperfect Answers

Verb
Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Acostumbrar
Acostumbraba
Acostumbrabas
Acostumbraba
Acostumbrábamos
Acostumbraban
Acuchillar
Acuchillaba
Acuchillabas
Acuchillaba
Acuchillábamos
Acuchillaban
Acudir
Acudía
Acudías
Acudía
Acudíamos
Acudían

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    • profile image

      Bobs 2 years ago

      Wow I must confess you make some very trhanenct points.

    • CrazedNovelist profile image
      Author

      A.E. Williams 2 years ago from Hampton, GA

      Thanks!

    • profile image

      Beya 2 years ago

      Speaking as an old teacher of English in the high sochol, I am irritated, for no crucial reason, when reading or hearing the phrase: if I would have Sounds perfectly ungrammatical to me and essentially ignorant. I know the language must change over time, but let it change with some degree of logic or perception, not because of ignorance!

    • CrazedNovelist profile image
      Author

      A.E. Williams 2 years ago from Hampton, GA

      I've never been bothered by it. Then again, it isn't common to speak that way anyway.

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