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Spanish Lesson Forty-One: The Future Tense

Updated on March 24, 2013

¡Hola! Espero que todo el mundo esté bien. This weekend has been so beautiful with flowers blooming, birds chirping, all that stuff. So I hope you have all enjoyed it and spending your afternoon with family or, like me, learning a bit of Spanish. So last week we had our Quiz and Project. I hope you all enjoyed those two and now as we reach Lesson Forty-One we will continue learning more grammar rules and focusing on new themes. Every time I get the opportunity, I think of new things to teach and explain. The possibilities seem never-ending. Being fluent in any language is hard and takes time, but after lots of review and review and practice and practice, things get awesome. You realize that you remember certain things and that you're picking up on the language outside of the lessons. That is a true sign that you're building fluency.

So this week we're going to focus on the Future Tense. Yes, there is a tense like this. While people can use Ir + A + Inf to say what they are going to do in the future, the Future Tense is used to say what one wil do in the future. So that's the point of the tense. It's the easiest tense to learn and quickest to teach. I hope you enjoy learning about it!

Today's Goals: To Learn and Understand the Future Tense in Spanish. To be able to apply the future tense in new ways and form sentences with it.

Today's Vocabulary

Hey everyone! Today's vocabulary will consist of our usual hodgepodge. I'm trying to think of new ways to incorporate new vocabulary to help you all learn new words faster, but I haven't been able to think of anything new. Won't you help me with your suggestions? Nevertheless, I will continue to put these vocabulary lists up in hopes that you'll be familiarized with them. I know, it's a lot of words, but sometimes words stick and sometimes they don't just like when speaking English. So enjoy today's list and if you have any feedback, let me know!

Today's Tips: Read a Spanish Poetry book. See what words you can identify and ask yourself if you can make out 10%-20% of the content used.

Verbs

To Function/To Run (Machine): Funcionar

To Earn/To Gain/To Win: Ganar

To Spend (money)/To Wear Out/To Waste: Gastar

To Grieve/To Groan/To Moan/To Howl: Gemir

To Govern/To Rule: Gobernar

To Enjoy: Gozar

To Shout/To Scream/To Shriek/To Cry Out: Gritar


Reflexive Verbs

To Get Wet/To Went Oneself: Mojarse

To Change One's Clothes/To Change One's Place Of Residence/To Move: Mudarse

To Hide Oneself: Ocultarse

To Stop (Oneself): Pararse

To Resemble Each Other/To Look Alike: Parecerse

To Take A Walk/To Parade: Pasearse

To Comb One's Hair: Peinarse

Nouns

Toy: El Juguete

Doll: La Muñeca

Action Figure: La Figura de Acción

Truck: El Camión

Fire Truck: El Camión de Bomberos

Teddy Bear: El Osito de Peluche

Rubber Duck: El Pato de Goma


Adjectives

Muscular: Musculoso(a)

Obese: Obeso(a)

Agressive: Agreviso(a)

Pleasant: Agradable

Boisterous: Bullioso(a)

Warm-Up

Hey! So I gave everyone a break from the three question quiz last week. I hope you used that time to relax and focus more on how fun it is to learn a new language. I always recommend thinking of how you are as a person and think of Spanish as a new skill, something you can show off. Bug your friends by talking to them in Spanish. The fun of it is that won't know what you're saying! lol. You get what I'm saying though. Anyway, today's Warm-Up comes from Lesson Twelve. If you get stumped, just go back to that lesson and check it out again! It never hurts to review!

Conjugate In The Future Tense

Subject
Ar Verb +Ending
Er/Ir Verb +Ending
Yo
É
É
Ás
Ás
Él/Ella/Usted
Á
Á
Nosotros
Emos
Emos
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Án
Án

Using The Future Tense

Well, hello everyone! It's time to learn about the Future Tense. Now I know you're probably wondering why we have to learn this tense considering we've already learned how to say what we are going to do. Now there is a difference in these two ways of speaking. When using Ir + A + Inf. we are talking in the present tense and specifying actions that will take place soon, like in the next few minutes or hour. Now when we want to talk about things further in the future, we must use the Future Tense to express things that we shall or will do in the later future. So sit tight and enjoy the ride.

Now, if you note, I wrote the chart a little different this time. This is the most interesting tense there is. You know why? Because the ending to every verb stays put. What I mean by this is, that the ar/er/ir endings are not taken off at the end like normally. In the case when using the future tense, the endings remain and the endings are simply added to the word. Keep in mind, though, there are several irregulars that don't apply to this rule, but for the most part, just add the end. Don't drop the ending! Also note that the ar/er/ir verbs all have the same attachment.

Let's take hablar for example.

Yo hablaré con mi amigo el año siguiente. I will (or shall) talk with my friend year next (next year). Note that I kept the ar at the end of hablar and attached the ending that reflected the subject. See how easy it is? When speaking of things in the nearest future, it's okay to use the present tense and Ir + A + Inf. Things that will happen a bit later should be specified using this tense. There are also other times when to you use this tense.

  • Express Actions or states of being that will take place some time in the future.
  • Indicate a conjecture regarding the present (when wondering what will be or happen in the future).
  • Indicate probability regarding the present (wondering the chances of what can be or happen in the future)
  • Indicate what someone has said they will do in the future.

Other than those guidelines there are really very few instances in which you'll need the tense. It is helpful when discussing things you or someone else will due at some point in the future. Think of that way. The chart below has a list of irregulars with their prefixes. All you have to do at that point is add the right ending according the subject. That's all there is to it! Thanks so much for reading!

Irregulars In The Future Tense

Verb
New Prefix
Caber
Cabr
Decir
Dir
Haber
Habr
Querer
Querr
Poder
Podr
Poner
Pundr
Saber
Sabr
Salir
Saldr
Tener
Tendr
Valer
Valdr
Venir
Vendr
Source

Homework

Hey Readers! We've reached that point again! I hope you all enjoyed reading up on this new tense. Now that we're back to business, I'm going to assign new homework with three new verbs for you all to conjugate in the Present Indicative, The Preterit, and Imperfect Indicative tenses. These three tenses are widely used in the Spanish language so it's good to practice to know how to conjugate verbs in those tenses. Don't worry, the answers are provided the next lesson and I am here to answer any questions. Here are the verbs for this week's homework.


If you need anything refer to: Lesson Five, Lesson Twenty,Lesson Twenty-Five, and Lesson Thirty-Five.


Acercarse (To Approach, To Draw Near)

Acertar (To Hit The Mark, To Hit Upon, To Succeed In) E--->IE

Aclamar (To Acclaim, To Applaud, To Shout, To Hail)


Oh! Next week we'll be calming things down a bit by discussing cognates and how they can help you form the meaning of a word without actually knowing what it is. Cognates are pretty important, so next week we'll have a thorough discussion of them.

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    • jainismus profile image

      Mahaveer Sanglikar 4 years ago from Pune, India

      ¡Hola!

      Thank you for sharing it...

    • CrazedNovelist profile image
      Author

      A.E. Williams 4 years ago from Hampton, GA

      No problem buddy.:) Thanks for reading!

    • Escobana profile image

      Escobana 4 years ago from Valencia

      @CrazedNovelist

      This is without a doubt a superb way of writing numerous Hubs but I have one suggestion for you.

      Learning a foreign language like this is practically impossible because of one simple reason. You need a native speaker and teacher to pronounce the words and to explain your lessons.

      Just reading is very difficult and I went through some of your other lessons and found video's with English native speakers, pronouncing the Spanish language in 'their' typical way.

      I don't want to encourage your effort on here but learning Spanish at least needs to go with the actual tong and the listening to the actual accent and true native speakers.

      If you'd add a video to all of your lessons with the explanation in short, spoken by a native Spanish person, you'd add a very important aspect to your lessons.

      I say this because I live in Spain as a Dutch woman. Of course the best way to learn a language is to immerse yourself in the country itself and hear that language around you all day.

      I learned Spanish only from native Spanish teachers and have learned to speak it fluently with my very 'French' accent. I spoke French before.

      For those who can't pick up a language this way, I'd say it is absolutely important to hear the real Spanish language. Not to have it explained by an American or English person, pronouncing Spanish in such a peculiar way.

      However it's merely a suggestion from someone who's passionate about learning foreign languages. It's a true study, to take seriously and it's preferable to take a real course, so you can ask questions while you get everything explained.

      With over 2000 irregular verbs in Spanish, I've found this language one of the hardest to learn and still making mistakes even though I live here for four years.

      Keep up the work y que te vaya muy bien:-)

    • CrazedNovelist profile image
      Author

      A.E. Williams 4 years ago from Hampton, GA

      Thank you for taking the time to read and comment on this. I am completely aware that those who read my lessons also need to speak and listen to native speakers. I have encouraged them to so many times in my lessons because I am not a native speaker. However, I interact with native speakers on a daily basis and am praised for my pronunciation and diction. I am quite capable of preparing these lessons because I know the language and am gifted in it. Videos are a resource that I just cannot easily provide so I at least cover the basics of reading, writing, and grammar. If the reader is truly seeking fluency, he or she has been advised to: talk among native speakers, listen to native speakers in music, TV, radio, and other media, and make great efforts to practice pronunciation continuously.

      There are many gifted Americans who speak and know the language and I am confident because they taught me and natives think I'm native by the way I speak. I am always in awe of knowing that. I don't think it's"bad"that a non native speaker teaches a language that he or she is proficient in.

      And so I write these lessons to share my knowledge in hopes that the reader will begin a quest for fluency. I don't promise readers fluency, just that they can learn bit by bit. The rest is up to them and if they are truly serious about learning the language.

      Comments and questions are always welcomed. :)

    • Escobana profile image

      Escobana 4 years ago from Valencia

      Good points you've made here and it's true that it's not bad at all if a non native speaker teaches the language he's proficient in.

      If natives think you're native you have definitely reached a very high level! Congrats to that...my accent will always give me away but I'm ok with that.

      Good luck on writing the lessons!

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