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Spanish Lesson Forty-One: The Future Tense
¡Hola! Espero que todo el mundo esté bien. This weekend has been so beautiful with flowers blooming, birds chirping, all that stuff. So I hope you have all enjoyed it and spending your afternoon with family or, like me, learning a bit of Spanish. So last week we had our Quiz and Project. I hope you all enjoyed those two and now as we reach Lesson Forty-One we will continue learning more grammar rules and focusing on new themes. Every time I get the opportunity, I think of new things to teach and explain. The possibilities seem never-ending. Being fluent in any language is hard and takes time, but after lots of review and review and practice and practice, things get awesome. You realize that you remember certain things and that you're picking up on the language outside of the lessons. That is a true sign that you're building fluency.
So this week we're going to focus on the Future Tense. Yes, there is a tense like this. While people can use Ir + A + Inf to say what they are going to do in the future, the Future Tense is used to say what one wil do in the future. So that's the point of the tense. It's the easiest tense to learn and quickest to teach. I hope you enjoy learning about it!
Today's Goals: To Learn and Understand the Future Tense in Spanish. To be able to apply the future tense in new ways and form sentences with it.
Hey everyone! Today's vocabulary will consist of our usual hodgepodge. I'm trying to think of new ways to incorporate new vocabulary to help you all learn new words faster, but I haven't been able to think of anything new. Won't you help me with your suggestions? Nevertheless, I will continue to put these vocabulary lists up in hopes that you'll be familiarized with them. I know, it's a lot of words, but sometimes words stick and sometimes they don't just like when speaking English. So enjoy today's list and if you have any feedback, let me know!
Today's Tips: Read a Spanish Poetry book. See what words you can identify and ask yourself if you can make out 10%-20% of the content used.
To Function/To Run (Machine): Funcionar
To Earn/To Gain/To Win: Ganar
To Spend (money)/To Wear Out/To Waste: Gastar
To Grieve/To Groan/To Moan/To Howl: Gemir
To Govern/To Rule: Gobernar
To Enjoy: Gozar
To Shout/To Scream/To Shriek/To Cry Out: Gritar
To Get Wet/To Went Oneself: Mojarse
To Change One's Clothes/To Change One's Place Of Residence/To Move: Mudarse
To Hide Oneself: Ocultarse
To Stop (Oneself): Pararse
To Resemble Each Other/To Look Alike: Parecerse
To Take A Walk/To Parade: Pasearse
To Comb One's Hair: Peinarse
Toy: El Juguete
Doll: La Muñeca
Action Figure: La Figura de Acción
Truck: El Camión
Fire Truck: El Camión de Bomberos
Teddy Bear: El Osito de Peluche
Rubber Duck: El Pato de Goma
Hey! So I gave everyone a break from the three question quiz last week. I hope you used that time to relax and focus more on how fun it is to learn a new language. I always recommend thinking of how you are as a person and think of Spanish as a new skill, something you can show off. Bug your friends by talking to them in Spanish. The fun of it is that won't know what you're saying! lol. You get what I'm saying though. Anyway, today's Warm-Up comes from Lesson Twelve. If you get stumped, just go back to that lesson and check it out again! It never hurts to review!
Conjugate In The Future Tense
Ar Verb +Ending
Er/Ir Verb +Ending
Using The Future Tense
Well, hello everyone! It's time to learn about the Future Tense. Now I know you're probably wondering why we have to learn this tense considering we've already learned how to say what we are going to do. Now there is a difference in these two ways of speaking. When using Ir + A + Inf. we are talking in the present tense and specifying actions that will take place soon, like in the next few minutes or hour. Now when we want to talk about things further in the future, we must use the Future Tense to express things that we shall or will do in the later future. So sit tight and enjoy the ride.
Now, if you note, I wrote the chart a little different this time. This is the most interesting tense there is. You know why? Because the ending to every verb stays put. What I mean by this is, that the ar/er/ir endings are not taken off at the end like normally. In the case when using the future tense, the endings remain and the endings are simply added to the word. Keep in mind, though, there are several irregulars that don't apply to this rule, but for the most part, just add the end. Don't drop the ending! Also note that the ar/er/ir verbs all have the same attachment.
Let's take hablar for example.
Yo hablaré con mi amigo el año siguiente. I will (or shall) talk with my friend year next (next year). Note that I kept the ar at the end of hablar and attached the ending that reflected the subject. See how easy it is? When speaking of things in the nearest future, it's okay to use the present tense and Ir + A + Inf. Things that will happen a bit later should be specified using this tense. There are also other times when to you use this tense.
- Express Actions or states of being that will take place some time in the future.
- Indicate a conjecture regarding the present (when wondering what will be or happen in the future).
- Indicate probability regarding the present (wondering the chances of what can be or happen in the future)
- Indicate what someone has said they will do in the future.
Other than those guidelines there are really very few instances in which you'll need the tense. It is helpful when discussing things you or someone else will due at some point in the future. Think of that way. The chart below has a list of irregulars with their prefixes. All you have to do at that point is add the right ending according the subject. That's all there is to it! Thanks so much for reading!
Irregulars In The Future Tense
Hey Readers! We've reached that point again! I hope you all enjoyed reading up on this new tense. Now that we're back to business, I'm going to assign new homework with three new verbs for you all to conjugate in the Present Indicative, The Preterit, and Imperfect Indicative tenses. These three tenses are widely used in the Spanish language so it's good to practice to know how to conjugate verbs in those tenses. Don't worry, the answers are provided the next lesson and I am here to answer any questions. Here are the verbs for this week's homework.
Acercarse (To Approach, To Draw Near)
Acertar (To Hit The Mark, To Hit Upon, To Succeed In) E--->IE
Aclamar (To Acclaim, To Applaud, To Shout, To Hail)
Oh! Next week we'll be calming things down a bit by discussing cognates and how they can help you form the meaning of a word without actually knowing what it is. Cognates are pretty important, so next week we'll have a thorough discussion of them.
Also Take A Look At...
- Future Tense
Spanish grammar. Discussion: future tense.
- Spanish Future Tense — Conjugation of Future Tense for Regular Verbs
Spanish conjugation for regular verbs, and some common irregular ones, for the indicative future tense.
- The Future Tense in Spanish