What Was The First Fighter Jet Airplane Flown In Combat During World War II?
Who operated it? What was it's history in combat and construction?
The first fighter aircraft to see combat was the P-36, which was produced primarily for use by foreign air forces, though a few were flown by the U.S. Army at the start of the war. A variant of the P-36 was the Hawk 75, which was first flown in 1937.
The first operational jet fighter was the Messershmitt 262, although that is often disputed with the honour going to Whitles aeroplane.
1942: The third prototype of the Messerschmitt 262 becomes the first true operational jet plane when it takes to the skies over Bavaria at the height of World War II.
http://www.wired.com/science/discoverie … ntech_0718
If you are talking about a jet-powered aircraft than I believe it was Germany's Messerschmitt Me 262. Germany built their first jet-engine in 1936 and recognized the potential for it immediately. A jet-powered aircraft was being developed from the early beginning of the war but didn't become operational until 1944. It saw its first combat in late July, 1944.
Plane for plane, the Me 262 was a game-changer but due to disparities in industrial capacities could not be produced in numbers to alter the outcome of the war. After the war it was reviewed by the allies and deemed to be well-ahead of allied jet designs.
Britain's Gloster Meteor was close behind. Britain's Frank Whittle had actually conceived of the turbojet ahead of Germany's Hans von Ohain (he patented it in 1930), but he received no state support for his project until the war. The Meteor first flew around the same time as the Me 262, but it didn't see combat until August of 1944.
The German Messershmitt 262 was the first jet fighter in world war two, and the only type that I know of. It was way ahead of it's time, and was hard to maneuver at it's high speed. They would have been more efficient in mass instead of individually. I believe that there were only 12 operational jets ever produced. I actually worked with a man who was on a bombing run which encountered two of these jet aircraft. Their fighter escorts easily shot both of the jets down, and he said that the reason was because the jet pilots couldn't turn fast enough to fight back.
The Me 262 was the first figher jet flown in combat, July 1944. Keep in mind the Me 163, a rocket engine fighter, flew its first combat mission in May 1944.
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