Does the Constitution guarantee legal assistance for those who can not provide it for themselves?
The law implies that the constitution guarantees legal assistance for those unable to afford it.
Yes and no. The Constitution guarantees legal assistance if you are charged with a crime. The Constitution does not guarantee legal assistance for a civil lawsuit. Meaning if you are injured and you want to sue someone, that does not mean the government will pay for an attorney. Fortunately, in many cases, attorneys will work on a contingent fee in civil cases, which can make the case affordable for the average person. In other areas though, where attorneys must be paid on an hourly basis, win or lose, it can be difficult for the average person retain an attorney, and there is no right, under the constitution, to have one in those circumstances.
I agree with the previous answer, the only way that the Constitution guarantees legal assistance is when you commit a crime, other than that your on your own. The constitution does not extend this right to every one or to every type of case. Although mostly every county in the United States does have association that provide legal assistance for free or next to nothing, then you have the attorney that work pro-bono within these organization or associations.
It does provide for legal assistance at any type of a trial. However, has no wording for costs or payments but it was considered not fair to have a person defending himself in trial when not capable to afford a competent legal counsel.
The belief was that innocent people count on their innocence but lack legal knowledge to properly defend themselves. At first only those facing death penalty were given free legal competent counsel until later case decision provided for legal free counsel for felonies. Later on free legal counsel was set to be appointed for any crime that a defendant is accused of and that could led to at least 6 months in confinement.
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