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Updated on October 27, 2013

The Art of Splinting

Splinting is a procedure that is applied when someone suffers a fracture or when fracture is suspected. The objective of the splint is to immobilize the injured part to avoid suffering additional injuries.

The general objective of splinting are the following:

  • to reduce pain
  • to prevent additional injury
  • to prevent closed fractures from becoming open
  • to reduce swelling and bleeding
  • to prevent further damage to nerves, muscles and blood vessels

Types of Splints

Generally among the standard settings of First aid, there are three types of splints.

- RIGID SPLINTS such as wood, magazines, newspapers and other things that can be converted to support the fracture.

- SOFT SPLINTĀ  such as pillows, rolled blankets and other soft materials

- ANATOMICAL SPLINT using part of the body to support a fractured area can also be done.

Basic Splinting Guides

  • Cover open wounds before applying the splint. Remember that bleeding is given priority in so far as fractures are concerned.
  • Splint the area and avoid applying pain. If the splints will only add additional pain, you might reconsider just immobillizing the injured part until professional help arrives.
  • Splint the fractures in the position found. Do not reposition the fractured bone. This may puncture vessels underneath and may cause bleeding.
  • Apply the splint above and below a joint area where the possible fracture or fracture is noted.
  • Apply the splint firmly but make sure that it does not impede circulation
  • If it can be done without causing further harm, elevate the splinted part to avoid swelling.


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      Fosamax Femur Lawsuits 6 years ago

      Splinting is one intervention that should be performed when fractures, sprains, or strains would occur. Immobilizing the affected limb can greatly reduce swelling and further damage to the surrounding tissues.

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      Jovy 8 years ago

      Very interesting guidelines. They surely are useful during emergencies.