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How to control Bleeding

Updated on September 2, 2008

Bleeding and Wounds

Wounds are of different kinds. However, any kind of wound may tend to bleed most especially if the vessels are injured. The amount of blood or pressure would depend on the vessels involve.

The different kinds of vessels are as follows:

  • Capillaries
  • Veins
  • Arteries

Capillaries are minute vessels and naturally would be easy to control when it is wounded.

Veins although are bigger, have lesser pressure and are therefore easy to control

Arteries are almost of the same caliber with veins with respect to size but has greater pressure since it is connected direclty from the left side of the heart.

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Different Kinds of Wounds

Now that we have an understanding on the different kinds of vessels, it is important that we should also be familiar about the different types of wounds.

  • Abrasion
  • Incision
  • Laceration
  • Punctured
  • Avulsion
Remember that whatever wound it may be, the most important thing to do is stop severe bleeding. Severe Bleeding can lead to shock and may cause death.For minor wounds where there is minimal bleeding or no bleeding at all, prevent infection.

Direct Pressure

The first and foremost method in controlling bleeding may not be as difficult as you think. It is simly putting pressure directly over the wound. This can be done with the use of gauze or any cloth available directly over the wound with constant pressure.

Remember that a what we are up to is to stop the bleeding so continuesly apply the pressure over the wound. This will also allow the blood to clot and will aid in cotrolling the bleeding. Any gauze or cloth applied to the wound is what we call a dressing. Even your bare hands can be used as a dressing.

You can also apply a bandage to hold the dressing in place.

Pressure on Supplying Artery

You may also apply Pressure on the Supplying Artery. This is done by pressing the brachial artery or the femoral artery should the wound involves the extremities. But again bear in mind that direct pressure is always the first and foremost method in controlling bleeding.


If there is no fracture in the area of the wound and the wounded part can be elevated, then apply the second method, Elevation. But you have to remember that elevation should be done when direct pressure has been applied already.

Elevate the wounded part above the level of the heart. This will lessen the amount of blood heading to the wound and lessen the flow of blood.


This is the last resort in controlling bleeding. In fact, in some states, torniquet is discourage and in some is no longer applied due to the dangers that it poses.

Torniquet is applied in between the heart and the wound. Placing a constricting band on the area and twisting the band until bleeding is controlled.

It is very importatn that the torniquet should be released every 15 minutes for 2 minutes time. This will re supply the muscles and tissues with oxygenated blood to prevent permanent damage.

Prevention Infection

For minor wounds where there is no severe bleeding. The important thing to do would be to prevent infection. This is done by washing the wound with soap and water.

Afterwhich, antibiotic or antiseptic solution should be applied. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing to prevent the wound from getting infected.


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    • JPSO138 profile image

      JPSO138 4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      hi thumbi7, thanks for the appreciation and the visit. We hope that we will not be able to use this as someone may be hurt. But should it happen, at least we know what to do.

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 4 years ago from India

      It is very informative article written in simple language.

      Will be useful to many.

      Thanks for sharing this

    • JPSO138 profile image

      JPSO138 4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi moonlake, glad you find this informative. I hope you and your husband are safe always. Thanks for the comment.

    • moonlake profile image

      moonlake 4 years ago from America

      This hub is full of information. My husband bleeds very easy because of blood thinners. I'm on bleed thinner also but don't bleed like him. I'm always stopping his bleeding and there have been times we have had to head for the hospital. Voted up.

    • JPSO138 profile image

      JPSO138 4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi sunshine, thanks for dropping by and for the comment. Elevation though is only applied when we are sure that no fracture is involved as it may cause further injury.

    • Sunshine625 profile image

      Linda Bilyeu 4 years ago from Orlando, FL

      I didn't know about elevation! Or maybe I did, but forgot until I read your advice. Thanks for sharing that tip!

    • JPSO138 profile image

      JPSO138 4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi Martie, thanks for dropping by.

    • MartieCoetser profile image

      Martie Coetser 4 years ago from South Africa

      Interesting and useful! Hope I will remember all of this when I need to stop severe bleeding. Thank you, JPSO :)

    • reviewadon profile image

      reviewadon 7 years ago

      if i can stop my bleeding i should be able to become invincible!

    • healthgoji profile image

      healthgoji 7 years ago

      For nosebleeds you can purchase a small, inexpensive package of strips with medicine(calcium alginate made from seaweed) that will stop bleeding upon contact.

      Otherwise some nosebleeds and minor wounds could bleed profusely. They also promote clotting and adsorb blood. They can also be used on pet toenails if you trim too closely.

    • profile image

      kim possile 8 years ago


    • profile image

      Marvin 8 years ago

      Very useful hub. Knowing these information will certainly help.

    • Lgali profile image

      Lgali 8 years ago

      very useful hub

    • profile image

      Marivic  8 years ago

      Very useful guide....

    • profile image

      Adam 9 years ago

      Very informative.

    • profile image

      Jake Myers 9 years ago

      I always thought that torniquet was the first and foremost thing to do to stop bleeding. Now I know that direct pressure is more applicable and safe!