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Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation

Updated on April 9, 2009
CPR training conducted by Basic Lifesaving Solutions.
CPR training conducted by Basic Lifesaving Solutions.

Most people think that mouth to mouth resuscitation is similar to CPR. The fact is mouth to mouth resuscitation is only part of CPR and can be done without doing CPR.

This is usually done when the victim has no breathing but the pulse is present.

This article will provide the step by step procedure in providing mouth to mouth resuscitation.

Survey The Scene

The first step of course is to insure that the scene is safe. You don't wanna do mouth to mouth and get yourself killed right? Try to check if there are no hazards in the area. Hazards could be a lot of things. From traffic, electricution, fire, explosion and many other things. If the scen is safe that would be the time to approach the victim and start your initial assesment.

Just like starting out with CPR you must check whether the patient is responsive or not. You can do this by tapping the shoulder or chin and shouting " Hey are you okay?" or perhaps say "Hey are you allright?

If there is no response immediately call for help. Call the ambulance service in your area. Ask for assistance.

Begin the ABC's

Open the AIRWAY - do this by placing one hand on the victims forehead and two fingers on the chin. Slowy tilt the head upward. In most unconscious victims, the airway is blocked by the toungue. By doing this procedure. the tongue is repositioned and the airway will be opened. This method of opening the airway is call the "head tilt chin lift maneuver". Do this method if you do not suspect a cervical injury. (jaw thrust maneuver should be done if cervical injury is suspected).

Check the Breathing - place your ear near the victims mouth and nose and listen and feel for air. Look at the chest for any chest rise. In this situation, we commonly say LLF. Look for the rise and fall of the chext, Listen and Feel for air. You do this for 5 to 10 seconds and no more than that. If there is no breathing, you can now give your rescue breaths. Commonly called, mouth to mouth resuscitation.

Performing Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation

While keeping the head tilted, seal the victims mouth with your mouth and seal the patients nose with your fingers. Blow air into the mouth for at least 1 second. You must give two blows initially.

(Considering that this topic is about mouth to mouth, we will assume that the patient has a pulse and CPR is not necesarry. For a detailed guide on CPR, click here.

There are different rates for Adult, Children and Infants while giving mouth to mouth resuscitation.

ADULTS - Give at least 10-12 breaths per minute for adults. This can be accomplished by giving 1 blow every 5-6 seconds.

CHILDREN and INFANTS - give at least 12-20 breaths per minute for children and infants. This can be done by giving at least 1 blow every 3-5 seconds. You must remember that each blow should be at 1 second each. Also remember to release the nose after each blow.

Another thing to consider in providing mouth to mouth in infants. Considering that they are small, there is no need to pinch the nose. The nose can be sealed by including it in your blows as you blow on the infants mouth. Make sure also not to put to much air as you blow on infants. Only use the air from your mouth and not from your diapraghm.


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    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Thanks shyron for visiting this hub and for the comment. I appreciate it so much!

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      4 years ago from Texas

      JPSO138, I have never had to do this, and I am glad you explained how many blows per adult vs children. After reading this I think that it is saved in my mind's data bank should I need it.

      Voted up, Useful and interesting and shared.

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi Nell Rose, thank you so much for dropping by and for the comment.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      4 years ago from England

      This is great information, and something we should all learn to do, voted up and shared! nell

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      wow this info really helped me

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      @shisha, eventually there is a great chance that the person will survive most especially if the brain is not damage yet. Expired air is not all composed of carbon dioxide. Based on study, it still contains around 16% of oxygen which is sufficient to save a life...

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      what happens when the air goes in? The air blown will be Carbon dioxide.. isn't that dangerous?please explain this somebody!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      This information helped me in COMPLETING MY PROJECT. I am very glad with this information.:)

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      im so glad i had the chance to be part of this was well explained and well wasn't only an educational training but a pleasurable experience......thank you so much......

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      The brain initiates breathing based on the Ph of the blood which in turn depends on the level of carbonic acid which is created by "waste" CO2. No Co2, no breathing. If a patient stopped breathing but the heart is still beting (unlikely Mouth to mouth will not only put oxygen into the lungs,but also (far mre important CO2. This will via a formation of carbonic acid, create the stimulus for the brain to issue breathing "commands"

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Thank you very much Joe for the kind words.

    • profile image

      joe cabigon 

      9 years ago

      Excellent Training.

    • compu-smart profile image


      9 years ago from London UK

      A fantastic and potentially life saving hub! and as above, i hope im never in the postion to use it, but if i am, im better educated! thanks!

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Very interesting.... I have bookmarked this page.

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi Dottie, thanks for dropping by and leaving a comment. I have also read your hubs, they are great!

    • Dottie1 profile image


      9 years ago from MA, USA

      This a great hub to print off and keep it handy just incase! thumbs up!

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Thanks for the comment. I have worked as a paramedic for 13 years. I understand the feeling. It is not easy if you encounter things like this.

    • blondepoet profile image


      9 years ago from australia

      Great info this is something I luckily have never had to do, touch wood lol


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