for me, sci fi has a foundation of facts and usage of science theories. Fantasy is more based on legend and myths. Sci fi is like a realistic painting of the future, where as fantasy is more abstract in nature.
Orson Scott-Card made a non-exclusive, non-mandatory suggestion that science fiction is a extrapolation from known science, it has, steel, rivets, ray guns, space ships, space adventurers; fantasy has magic, wood, forests, bows and arrows, druids, inter continetal travel by sailing ships, mariners, covered waggons, personal transport by horse or foot.
There is a lot of overlap between the two, but I think it can be summed up like this. The imaginary and strange aspects in science fiction are explained by science or technology and in fantasy they are explained by magic.
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