Latin does not work that way. It does not have an exaggerated lust for noun case nor a weak verb structure. The English words "condemn" and "convict" come from Latin through Old French almost completely in tact yet are worlds apart in meaning. You should look for yourself. Death in the arena was a sophisticated administration. You could be condemned ad ludum, ad bestias, or ad gladium ludi damnati or qui damnati cricificion.