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The General Concepts and Principles of Government

Updated on April 30, 2012
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Christopher F. Bueno is currently the Dean of the College of Education, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City.

The root word of government is derived from the word of Latin “ gubernare” and the old French word “ governer” translated in the English word “govern”. It is the state being directed or being acted on which now explains the meanings of government.

It generally defines as the supreme authority of the State to formulate, administer and execute the fundamental laws of the land on the basis of the delivery of basic services, economic and social services for the common good and welfare of the society.

1. It is the exercise of the political power and authority in the management of the affairs of government.

The political power and authority defines the specific government activities that public officials must do as directed by their own development thrusts in the quality improvement of the society. The management functions discuss along the preparation of the development plans and agenda, the execution; enactment and the interpretation of the laws; the delivery of social and economic services; and other governmental services for general and common welfare.

2. It is the exercise of the sovereign power of the state to follow the established institutions and laws of the specific group of society.

The sovereign power is conceptualize in the state is the enforcement of laws over the defined territory. The established institutions are those created by the government officials based on their political, cultural and economic ideologies that they thought would be the best way to deliver governmental services to the society.

3. It is a political unit governs by laws and customs of the particular group of society.

This relates to the term use for government as a “political unit” designed to carry out specific tasks that relate to the laws and customs as the basis to provide development services to the society. This connected to the term political development on basis of governmental affairs of thestate.

The General Concepts of Government

The government administration of the state on the supreme and sovereign power to rule with the people depends as to the forms of government being established by certain group of society. The political ruler has its significance in the government who will represent as the head of the state. It has to identify the derived sovereign power as to the administration of human freedom, social justice, liberty and constitutional rights of the people. Finally, the governmental administration of the state depends as to the political adoption on the scope of decentralization, autonomy or devolution along the formulation and the execution of the political decision in the society.

1. The political ruler which is usually called “King”, “Emperor”, “President” or “Prime Minister” is the head of the state whether absolute, nominal or symbolic to represent a government.

The political power and authority of the head of government is related to the execution and enactment of laws in the two branches of government: the executive branch ( headed by President, King or Emperor) and the legislative (headed by Prime Minister).

2. The sovereign power is vested to the people through the exercise of suffrage .

This is called the sovereign electorate as the people have the right to elect various governmental posts to carry out the political functions and responsibilities in the delivery of basic services. It also explain the political participation of the people whether it is democratic (with the advocacy of human freedom) or communistic ( with the advocacy of collective ownership and suppression of constitutional freedom) in its nature of governance.

3. The political administration of governmental affairs about its geographical and territorial jurisdiction.

The government administration for the development programs and projects depends to the political platform of the national leader and the constitutional mandate on the branches of government. If the national government provides a centralized planning in all political affairs of the state then this is considered as unitary government. However, the local or federal government has also given the same political power in its territorial or geographical jurisdiction to administer the same governmental rights and privileges through autonomy and decentralization then it is federal in form.


These are the related SAVIOR ON HUBPAGES- FREE ACADEMIC ARTICLES AND RESEARCHES in POLITICAL SCIENCE for the COLLEGE STUDENTS to facilitate in doing their homework, assignment and research activities in the school particularly those impoverished countries of AFRICA, ASIA and MIDDLE EAST.

Definition of State

Elements of State

Origin of State

The Forms of Government

The General Concepts and Principles of Government

Constitution : The Fundamental Law of the State and Government

Definition and Importance of Political Science

Political Science and Law

The General Meaning and Concept in Politics

The Behaviorist Approach in the Study of Politics

The Historical Approach in the Study of Politics

Politics : The Power and Authority Structure in Public Service

Origin of Political Science

Political Science and Its Relationships with Social Sciences

The Introductory Analysis of the "Republic by Plato"

The Modern Concepts and Principles of Political Science :The Development Dimensions of the “Contemporary Republic”


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