ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Albuquerque Balloon Festival Side Trip to the Coronado State Monument New Mexico

Updated on August 28, 2012

Balloon Festival Side Trip

Balloon Festival Albuquerque:
Albuquerque, NM, USA

get directions

Coronado Park New Mexico:
Coronado Park, Albuquerque, NM 87102, USA

get directions

Coronado State Monument New Mexico

Coronado State Monument is located just to the north of Albuquerque New Mexico in Bernalillo County. What you will see there is a recreation of the original pueblo of Kuaua (Koo WAH-wah.)

Kuaua is the Pueblo where the Spanish explorer Francisco Casquez de Coronado wintered near in the 15th century. The area surrounding Kuaua was settled and farmed by Pueblo peoples.

Much of what is known about the Kuaua may be found in records such as the 16th Century Spanish journals written Coronado’s troops, oral traditions of contemporary Pueblo Indians whose ancestors handed down stories, and archeological work.

During the 1930s the WPA workers both recreated walls of the pueblo and carefully covered up the original pueblo walls to preserve them for future excavation. The occupancy of the Kuaua pueblo dates from the 1300s.

Coronado led a mixed group of mostly private militia from Spain and Portugal. These men were looking for wealth in the form of gold and most of them had bankrolled themselves for the journey. Coronado was looking for the legendary Cities made of Gold. What he found included native peoples such as those at Kuaua. Kuaua was a prosperous and tidy Tiwa pueblo. Kuaua means evergreen and the pueblo was located on the banks of the Rio Grande River in a very fertile farming area.

Even though the Conquistadores did not find the fabled Cities of Gold, they did claim all of the land and the people for the King and Queen of Spain. To this day there are Land Grant Estates found through-out New Mexico. These Land Grants were awarded to Spaniards who took up residence in what is now modern day New Mexico.

The Kuaua Pueblo people lived in multi-story homes and farmed corn, beans, squash, and cotton. They ditch irrigated their farm lands from the nearby Rio Grande River.

Evidence of trade with peoples from the Gulf of California and the heart of Mexico as well as the Hopi are evident. Glazed handsomely decorated pottery pieces were also discovered at the site.

A structure central to the lives of those in the pueblo is known as the Kiva which was made up of underground rooms often only accessible by ladders. The Kivas symbolized their place of origin which they believed was underground.

There are a series of extremely rare and well preserved Kiva Murals to view at Coronado State Monument. The murals are of costumed dancers, animals, birds, snakes, fish, corn plants, clouds, lightning and water. Preservation of these murals is a priority. The murals are meticulously preserved and many are held off-site at the Museum of New Mexico, Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe, NM. Picture taking of the murals is not allowed.

There is an Indian Pueblo Cultural Center in Albuquerque where you can learn a great deal about the 19 Pueblos of New Mexico. Their web site is

We made our trip on a Sunday afternoon. The talk of the day at the monument was about the monsoon rains and if/when/hoping that they came soon. New Mexico is having a drought. I can imagine the peoples of the Kuaua Pueblo having just the same kind of conversation.

Water is life

El agua es la vida

Salsa from a local restaurant (favored by Breaking Bad actors!)


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      10 years ago from England

      Hi, Wow! now this is my type of thing, I love archaeology and this is amazing, we think we know so much about these people and the spanish invasion for the gold, but I never realised that they lived or went underground, love to visit! lol cheers nell


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)