- Travel and Places»
- Visiting North America»
- United States»
Howard M. Metzenbaum U. S. Courthouse
This fine and historic structure in the heart of Cleveland’s downtown has been known over time as Old Federal Building and Courthouse, and the Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse. Its formal name since 1998 has been the Howard M. Metzenbaum U. S. Courthouse, in honor of the late Democrat and U. S. Senator Howard Metzenbaum of Ohio.
Located abutting Public Square’s eastern edge at 201 Superior Avenue, N. E., this Courthouse was, in 1911, the first structure to be completed as part of Cleveland’s 1903 Group Plan. That Plan, which codified City Beautiful principles as the blueprint for the growing city’s civic structures, malls and public plazas, was to eventually dictate the locations of the Courthouse, Cleveland Public Library, City Hall, Cuyahoga County Courthouse, Cleveland Board of Education, and other key facilities.
As anchors providing closure to the southern end of Cleveland’s Public Mall A —an expansive plaza with gardens and sculpture — the Courthouse and the adjacent Cleveland Public Library were to be similar in scale, massing, detail and general architectural style. That style, as with most other civic buildings of the period, was to be some form of Classical revivalism. The Courthouse’s designer, architect Arnold W. Brunner of New York, had earlier served on the Group Plan Commission with Daniel Burnham.
The five-story Beaux Arts Courthouse is modeled on grand Parisian civic structures of its day. Centered on its southern Superior Avenue façade is the building’s entrance, consisting of three rusticated stone arches, set originally with cast bronze doors and massive bronze lanterns in ornate brackets. Anchoring the extreme southeastern and southwestern corners of the building are two significant works of sculptor Daniel Chester French, ‘Commerce’ and ‘Jurisprudence’. From the balustraded parapet high above those sculptures, spread-wing eagles of carved stone stand sentinel.
Behind the main entrance is a great main lobby that traverses the length of the building in marble-clad splendor. Marble staircases wrap the east and west elevator banks, while —rendered in cast bronze — eagles atop globes spread their wings over pairs of elevator doors.
The exterior of the granite structure is highly articulated, incorporating a heavily rusticated building base, balustraded window sills, Corinthian columns, pilasters, carved keystones at window arches, pediments, carved shields, brackets, dormers and moldings. On the interior, select upper-floor corner offices are enhanced by sizable murals chronicling key events of Cleveland history.
By 1934, Cleveland’s main U. S. Post Office had moved from the Courthouse. Forty years later, the building was included in the National Register of Historic Places. With the completion of the Carl B. Stokes Federal Court House Building in 2002, there were significant changes in the occupancy and use of facilities within the Metzenbaum Courthouse. That year, a program of extensive rehabilitation and modernization was undertaken to prepare the Howard M. Metzenbaum U. S. Courthouse for use by new client agencies.
- The Carl B. Stokes Federal Court House Biuilding
The Carl B. Stokes Federal Court House Building Completed in 2002, this 24-story tower is one of four distinctively-capped high-rise structures defining the core skyline of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. It joins The Terminal Tower (1930), the former BP..
- Frank J. Lausche State Office Building, Cleveland, O...
Frank J. Lausche State Office Building, Cleveland, Ohio This 15-story State of Ohio office building â designed by a local architectural team consisting of Fred Toguchi Architects, Madison-Madison International and Ireland & Associates â is a.
- Alexander Hamilton Statue, Cleveland, Ohio
Alexander Hamilton Statue, Cleveland, Ohio This statue is one of twin sculptures flanking the entrance to the Cuyahoga County Courthouse on Lakeside Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio. Created by sculptor Karl Bitter, the piece depicts a seated Alexander...
- Historic Cleveland Trust Company
The Cleveland Trust Company As the City of Cleveland celebrated its centennial in 1896, there already existed a banking concern bearing the city’s name. The Cleveland Trust Company had begun several years before in rented office space near the...
- Public Utilities Building, Cleveland, Ohio
This top-heavy structure is a good example of the overstated monumentality of the Brutalist architecture that saw its flowering in the 1960s (i.e. Boston City Hall).
- Cleveland's Public Square
Cleveland's Public Square What began as pasturage for early settlers’ livestock has evolved into the City of Cleveland’s relaxing public ‘front lawn’. Cleveland’s Public Square consists of four city blocks cross-haired by Ontario Street...
- Cleveland's Public Auditorium
Cleveland's Public Auditorium Situated in the heart of Clevelandâs business district is a concert venue that has hosted such royalty of rock as Queen, The Beatles, R.E.M. and Madonna. At its opening in 1922, the cityâs Public Auditorium was the..
- Cleveland's Justice Center
Cleveland's Justice CenterOntario Street & Lakeside Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio Lakeside Ave E & Ontario St, Cleveland, OH 44113, USA The City of Cleveland/Cuyahoga County Justice Center is a substantial development in neo-Brutalist...
- Cleveland City Hall
This is but one of a half-dozen major public structures of Beaux-Arts styling that was built in conformance with Cleveland's first grand master plan of the early 20th Century.