Is there a difference between AWD and 4WD?
Or are they the same thing?
If the vehicle has only four wheels, I'd say they are the same. However, if the vehicle has more than four (and I don't mean doubling up as in a truck)then an AWD could be more than a 4WD. For example, the old Blitz Wagon with about eight drive wheels on the ground.
This term, AWD didn't exist thirty years or so back. The four-wheel drive vehicle was a designed for off-road conditions. The Land Rover, the Jeep, the Toyota Landcruiser. Then the manufacturers started coming up with ridiculous phrases like '2 by 4'. Which means an ordinary two-wheel drive, either rear or front wheel drive.
There might be a subtle difference. Some 4WD can be made into 2WD by switching out the second set of drive wheels (This was for economy) I think an old 1960s long wheel base Land Rover I used to drive occasionally had that feature. But technically, it would be referred to as a four-wheel drive vehicle not a AWD.
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