Is there a difference between AWD and 4WD?

  1. jaydawg808 profile image91
    jaydawg808posted 3 years ago

    Is there a difference between AWD and 4WD?

    Or are they the same thing?

  2. Tusitala Tom profile image62
    Tusitala Tomposted 3 years ago

    If the vehicle has only four wheels, I'd say they are the same.  However, if the vehicle has more than four (and I don't mean doubling up as in a truck)then an AWD could be more than a 4WD.  For example, the old Blitz Wagon with about eight drive wheels on the ground.

    This term, AWD didn't exist thirty years or so back.  The four-wheel drive vehicle was a designed for off-road conditions.  The Land Rover, the Jeep, the Toyota Landcruiser.   Then the manufacturers started coming up with ridiculous phrases like '2 by 4'.    Which means an ordinary two-wheel drive, either rear or front wheel drive.

    There might be a subtle difference. Some 4WD can be made into 2WD by switching out the second set of drive wheels  (This was for economy) I think an old 1960s long wheel base Land Rover I used to drive occasionally had that feature.   But technically, it would be referred to as a four-wheel drive vehicle not a AWD.