photos and copyrights...

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  1. jdaviswrites profile image89
    jdaviswritesposted 8 years ago

    is it necessary to cite the origin of your photos if you downloaded them from somewhere? and is it necessary to copyright or somehow mark photos posted that you yourself has taken? thank you in advance for any input.

    1. Peggy W profile image96
      Peggy Wposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      Google free photo images and a bunch of them will come up...then sort through to find what you want.  Always credit the photographer or link to that photo.

  2. Oona Seckar profile image59
    Oona Seckarposted 8 years ago

    If you're using someone else's photos you need to check what rights they've granted to make sure they're OK with that.  If it's a creative commons licence that allows commercial use then you should be okay (you can find these on Flickr), also if it's a wikimedia commons public domain photo.  If you don't know what the rights are then you need to contact and get permission from the creator!

    1. Urbane Chaos profile image96
      Urbane Chaosposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      Exactly.

      Even when I do find photos from Flickr, I always ask permission first even though I did a search through CC.  I'd rather cover my rear then get in trouble over something silly.

  3. Starfishfelix profile image78
    Starfishfelixposted 8 years ago

    Another option is to use a company like clipart.com to get your images - that's what I do.  It's a bit pricey (think it was something like $130 a year or so), but worth it if you use a lot of art.  There's other companies out there too that do the same thing. 

    In the past I've bought the Gazillion ClipArt images CD sets, but eventually it got to be too big a hassle to look for stuff as you needed to keep switching CDs - even with DVDs it was a bother on the bigger sets.  If you're not going to be using a lot of images though, they might be worth getting - you can get some pretty cheap sets with a lot of images from larger computer stores (or even better deals from eBay).

    Creative Commons are good too - although I've wondered if Hubpages and such count as truly non-commercial use as money is being made (in theory!).

  4. Mekenzie profile image82
    Mekenzieposted 8 years ago

    What about Google Images or Bing Images.  Are these free for public use?

    1. Marisa Wright profile image96
      Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      No, they're not.  ALL photos on the internet are copyright UNLESS there's a caption or disclaimer somewhere that says otherwise.  If you click on a Google image and go to the original site, most times you'll find there's no such statement.

      You can search on Google Images using the Advanced Search and select "for commercial use". It used to be inaccurate, but I've noticed it's much better lately.

      Or search on Flickr using the Advanced Search and select "Creative Commons" and "for commercial use".  For creative Commons licensed photos, you need to credit the photographer with a hyperlink to their site in your Hub.

      Some people don't seem to care - I see stolen images on Hubs far too often, even from Hubbers who should know better. Personally I think it's disgusting - the same people are up in arms if someone steals their own writing, yet they don't think twice about pinching a photographer's work!

      1. Mekenzie profile image82
        Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

        Oh Boy, I've got some work to do in checking out the pictures I've used on my hubs.  I thought that if it were an image on google or bing it was free to the public.

        Can you tell me how to check the images I have displayed?  I just went into one of my hubs thinking I could click on an image and be taken to the source ... then I went into edit to see if I caould find it but the source is not saved in the capsule.

        Thank you for clarifying this for me.  I really appreciate this and am thankful that this topic came up and was brought to my attention.

        1. Oona Seckar profile image59
          Oona Seckarposted 8 years agoin reply to this

          Mekenzie, it might be quicker in the end just to find legit CC photos and replace the ones you're dubious about.

        2. Marisa Wright profile image96
          Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

          No, that's the problem Mekenzie. People think because you paste in the URL, you're creating a link back to the source (like Youtube clips).  But you're not - you're creating a copy on the HubPages server. 

          Unfortunately that means your only option is to try to find it again, or find new images that are legal.

          1. Mekenzie profile image82
            Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

            okay Marisa, you just brought up another area.  Youtube clips .. do we need permission to use them to?  If so, how do we go about getting permission?  Geezzzz  I wish I hadn't come to this forumn ... lol  Just kidding .. I want to do things with integrity.

            1. Starfishfelix profile image78
              Starfishfelixposted 8 years agoin reply to this

              I'm not a lawyer, but since Youtube explicitly gives you the code to embed in your page/site I would assume that it would be kosher to do so.  Copying the video and hosting it on another site would be a different story though.

              I'm not sure about hot-linking to a photo on another site that doesn't explicitly allow it though.  It's poor form in any case, and occasionally the original host will replace the linked photo with something rather, um, unappealing so it appears on your site.

              1. Mekenzie profile image82
                Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

                Good point .. Youtube does have the embedded code right there to be copied.  Why would they put it there if it were not free to be used.  Thanks!

      2. readytoescape profile image59
        readytoescapeposted 8 years agoin reply to this

        You have that backwards, copyrighted material must specify as such other than that if published in any other form it becomes public domain. Some works after a period of years also become public domain.

        1. Marisa Wright profile image96
          Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

          Can you post a link to your authority for that statement? I'd be interested to see it, because all the following sites disagree with you:

          http://webnet77.com/webstuff/copyright.html
          http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html
          http://www.htmlgoodies.com/beyond/refer … hp/3472671
          http://forge.fh-potsdam.de/~IFLA/INSPEL/98-1totm.pdf
          http://www.umuc.edu/library/copy.shtml#copy
          http://ahds.ac.uk/copyrightfaq.htm

          If you think about it, what you're saying is that everything we write in a Hub automatically becomes public domain unless we put a copyright notice on it.  I certainly hope that's not true!   Photographs and text are both treated the same way.

        2. Starfishfelix profile image78
          Starfishfelixposted 8 years agoin reply to this

          I don't believe that's correct.  My understanding is that pretty much any creation automatically falls under copyright of the creator.   There are differences in financial damages and stuff like that if something is officially registered, but the creator owns all their creations (excluding work for hire and that sort of thing).

          Copyright does lapse after a certain number of years, but the government (US at least) has extended it to something like 70 years, or X years after the creator dies (something like that).  It's a long time.

          1. Marisa Wright profile image96
            Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

            I think you're right, Starfish.   Readytoescape hasn't returned to back up the claim, so I suspect he/she was just repeating a common internet myth.

            1. readytoescape profile image59
              readytoescapeposted 8 years agoin reply to this

              Starfish is also partially correct by what he describes, as I understand it, and applies as “Intellectual Property” to which the laws are even more ambiguous depending upon usage. Although they way I have read it, intellectual property can be “self-protected” by announcement and/or labeling, for example:

              “The above article is the express Intellectual Property of XXXX (the author). Any unauthorized use of this material is prohibited without the direct documented permission of the owner.”

              The statement above can provide limited protection for your hubs where a copyright is not employed.

        3. MyWebs profile image81
          MyWebsposted 8 years agoin reply to this

          Your totally wrong. Anything and everything published online is automatically copyrighted, at least in the USA it is protected irregardless if there is a copyright statement or not.

          A proper copyright should include either the copyright symbol or a c in some sort of circle, like (c), or the word copyright, the year first published and the owner's name followed by the statement: All rights reserved worldwide . I have studied copyright, trademark and patent law a bit.

          An official copyright registration only entitles the owner to more damages in a court of law and makes it easier to enforce your rights. Even material licensed under creative commons is still copyrighted to the owner, they are just giving you free usage of their material under the license they choose to use.

          HubPages has it right:  © 2010 Hubpages Inc. and respective owners. All rights reserved. Except they are missing the word "worldwide" which could cause them problems internationally!

          1. Marisa Wright profile image96
            Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

            You're right MyWebs, and the same law applies in most other countries.

  5. Oona Seckar profile image59
    Oona Seckarposted 8 years ago

    And don't forget to credit the creator in your hub!

    1. Mekenzie profile image82
      Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      I'm thinking you are right... Ugh ... thank you so much!

  6. habee profile image94
    habeeposted 8 years ago

    Sites like Photoxpress have free photos you can use. Just sign up!

    1. Mekenzie profile image82
      Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      Thank You habee ...  This is a monumental task.

  7. habee profile image94
    habeeposted 8 years ago

    Ready, I wondered about that because sometimes when I try to download a pic, I get a message that it's been copyrighted.

    1. Mekenzie profile image82
      Mekenzieposted 8 years agoin reply to this

      I've never gotten a message like that .. never.  I have noted a publishers name accross a picture at times .. and I knew not to use it for that reason.  But I guess I was in the dark about picture credits etc.  I'm goint check out Photoxpress tomorrow .. I'm tired.  Nite Everyone! :0)

  8. BDazzler profile image80
    BDazzlerposted 8 years ago

    Seems to me that AEvans wrote a hub about where to find good legal photos. Don't remember the name of it though.  It was about a year ago.

  9. readytoescape profile image59
    readytoescapeposted 8 years ago

    In the research I have performed ALL law refers to copyrighted material only. Copyrighted materials being that of a piece of work is “registered” with the Copyright office, other non registered material is not protected by copyright law. There are however many open areas of criticism to the Fair Use Doctrine (Title 17 US Code section 107). But, and this is a biggie, the code covers only registered copyrighted work.    http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

    Further: Orphaned Works http://www.copyright.gov/orphan/orphan-report.pdf

    Excerpt

    “While U.S. copyright law does not contain an omnibus provision addressing all orphan works as such, it does contain a few provisions that permit certain users to make certain uses of certain classes of orphan works, and other provisions that reduce the risk in using an orphan work.”

    I still have not found any legal documentation that addresses “unregistered work.” Especially work that which has been distributed into the “public domain.” There are many opinions, mostly from protective private organizations that site a particular portions of law to support only their view.

    I have read some case law that supports a “poor man’s copyright” where substantial financial damages have been incurred but I can’t remember or find those particular cases any longer it was years ago. I do remember one case where a manuscript was “stolen” by a “promoter” and rewritten then published under a pseudonym. The original author received an award even though the material had been modified, since he proved ownership of the “concept” via a copy of the work he mailed to himself which was postmarked before he submitted the original work. They presented this unopened mail as proof of concept ownership.

    And yes from my research our hubs could be considered non-copyrighted works or orphaned works, but proof of ownership as original work can also be argued.

  10. readytoescape profile image59
    readytoescapeposted 8 years ago

    Just one more item of consideration, what is the purpose of the copyright and why is there so much law defining it?

    Logic alone would dictate, someone found it necessary to protect works, therefore such safeguards were put in place by the power of law to provide such requested preservations should the producer of said work elect to employ these protections.

    In so, one can also then presume that any piece of work not elected by it’s producer to be protected by copyright thereby permissible to be used by others, and implied permission is granted once “introduced” into the public domain whether that permission is derived unknowingly or the conscious choice of non employment of the laws by said producer.

    How is one to know the difference between the ignorance and/or choice of the producer?
    Hence the copyright.

    This presumption will of course prompt loud and vociferous argument. Of which both opposing opinions may have merit and therefore we have the Judicial system.

    1. blackreign2012 profile image65
      blackreign2012posted 8 years agoin reply to this

      Question: Do I need to register my copyright?

      Answer: You get copyright automatically when you create a work and "fix" or record it. Registration with the Copyright Office is not a prerequisite, but it can give you additional protection: you can only get statutory damages for infringement of a registered copyright. A U.S. author must also register before filing a copyright lawsuit

      1. blackreign2012 profile image65
        blackreign2012posted 8 years agoin reply to this

        http://www.chillingeffects.org/copyright/faq.cgi#QID802 this is where I got the copyright info if anyone wants to look it over

      2. Marisa Wright profile image96
        Marisa Wrightposted 8 years agoin reply to this

        Readytoescape:  this is the information that you're missing in your research. 

        All the links I posted, state clearly that copyright does NOT have to be registered - a work is copyrighted by nature of being published. 

        I suggest you read a few of the links I posted and see what you think.

 
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