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How does one teach Children phonetics?
What simple methods can one use?
The easiest thing is to find a program (maybe at the library) that aims to teach phonics. If that's not possible, new readers need (in a nutshell) to learn the following:
The sounds for each of the vowels
The sounds for consonants (including hard and soft sounds for letters like "c" and "g")
The "blends" of any letters that are often teamed up with others to make completely different sounds. (st, sw, tr, tw, bl, br, etc.) Going through the consonants in the alphabet, and thinking of whether each is used in a blend can help you think of all the blends. Don't forget "th" and also the endings of words, like "ing".
Children can learn by starting with the simplest of sounds and seeing rhyming words (cat, hat, fat, mat, pat, etc.) When teaching a sound like "th", instead of rhyming let them them see several words, "this, that, through, thought, thing, etc." If they see that "th" appears in all those words they should make the connection.
The above are the most common, most basic, aspects to phonics. If a child learns that much, it isn't difficult to add a few "fancier" points later.
Call a speech and language pathologist in your area. You can also try earobics. I would need to know a bit more about what is going on. A speech and language pathologist can evaluate and refer to more testing, tutoring, or treat themselves. You can get more info at www.NSPT4kids.com
I suggest you try the free information at this internet url address.
There are many great tools to help teach your child phonics.
Leap Frog has many great tools to help! The letter wammer is a great place to start! Also, their letter factory series is great and one my boys asked for quite often.
Starfall.com is a great free website that teaches phonics. Kids love it and if your child is very young, it is something that you can share together.
what i found that worked for me when my daughter was starting to read at 3 and 1/2 was to use the Spot books - you know Spot goes to the Zoo. they were very repetitive in the use of language. i found that i could then use rhyming words to help build her vocabulary. i found this easier than using phonetics because of the differing sounds and spellings that words have - telephone for example. i did invest in some phonetic flashcards too, but i found that it was easier to match pictures to words to build her vocabulary - man do i ever wish that i had let school teach her to read so that she didn't pick on my speed spelling as i write this. the advantage for me was that she loved the readers that the school sent home and she taught her brother to read with them when he was around the same age.
Get the DVD called "The Letter Factory" put out by Leap Frog--extremely excellent phonics presentation in a story children like. For the computer get Reader Rabbit on CD ROM.
The very best book that I have used to teach phonics to my four children is Phonics Pathways. This book can be used to teach phonics to a young child or an adult in need of remediation. The book begins simply. The short vowel sounds are learned separate from any other sound, and each vowel is given a mnemonic picture to remember the sound. Consonants are added to the vowel sound e.g., s-a, s-e, s-i, s-o, s-u. Complexity is added after the student can not just read the sounds but write the sounds too. After the text moves onto reading simple consonant, vowel, consonant word patterns, sentences are introduced to help facilitate the cadence of reading aloud.
Most important when teaching phonics is knowing when the lesson is jelling in the students mind and when you need to go backward and review concepts taught but not learned.
A very good way is by using the lower case letters in the alphabet. Introduce the sounds just one sound at a time. Not to introduce the letter as A but as the sound a as in apple. The Montessori schools use this teaching method, its called the phonetic alphabet, once the child has learned the sounds they begin to word build the sounds together, creating words and sounding them through. Once they can build and sound out the words they can start to read. Its really great, I taught this for many years and its truly effective, hope this helps. Lanea
I have a blog called Beginning Reading Help where I share a number of ways to teach phonics. There's an Amazon Store on my site where I recommend my favorite phonics books.
I've used Phonics Pathways like WildIris talked about. I know you posted this a while ago. I hope you found some effective ways to teach phonics.
My favorite phonic series is Explode the Code. It is a series of workbooks where children learn the phonics rules in a systematic way from consonants to short vowels to long vowels and on to digraphs, r-controlled vowels etc. Each page has funny cartoon drawings that the children use to determine the correct phonetic element being taught. The activities are repetitive enough to assure mastery but varied enough to keep interest.
One of my favorite aspects of this series are the sentences with silly pictures. The cat is on the vat. OR The bat is on the rat. In order for the child to know which sentence is correct they must read each of the words using the skill being taught in the lesson.
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