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CPR for Children

Updated on April 13, 2009

CPR is slightly done a little different in children. Considering that that the child has a smaller body than the adult, a slight variation should be noted. However, the whole steps are the same from the beginning up to the end. CLICK HERE TO VIEW CPR GUIDELINE.

For a comprehensive training on Basic Life Support and First aid with international completion cards CLICK HERE

WHEN TO START CPR

It is very important to make sure that the scene is safe before starting out with CPR. You have to survey the scene for safety. Once the scene is safe you can proceed an asses the victim or the child.

The following conditions should be present before starting out with CPR. The victim should be:

  • UNRESPONSIVE
  • NO BREATHING
  • NO PULSE or NO SIGNS OF LIFE

In simple terms, the following can be assesed by checking out the Airway, Breathing and the Circulation. To simplify herewith are the steps that can be done:

Determine Unresponsiveness - this can be done by tapping the shoulder or the chin and say " Are you okay? Are you alright? If there is no reponse immediately call for help.

Open the Airway - Do this by tilting the victims head upward. You must do this slowly to avoid or prevent injury. Common obstructions in an unconscious victim is the tongue. By tilting the victims head, the airway can be opened. The common method of opening the airway is called the heat tilt chin lift maneuver. (Do not perform head tilt chin lift if cervical injury is suspected).

Check For Breathing - place your ear near the patients nose and mouth listening for air. Look at the chest for rise and fall. Do this for not more than 10 seconds. If breathing is absent, immediately give two blows. The blows should be given at 1 second each.

Check For Pulse or signs of life - check the carotid pulse. You can find this in the neck just 1 inch from the side of the Adams apple. Check the pulse for not more than 10 seconds. You may also check for signs of life. These are coughing, breathing, movement, eye opening. This are indicative that the victim is alive. (Layrescuers do not perform pulse check, they simply check the signs of life)

Start CPR - perform chest compression if the pulse is absent or there are no signs of life. This is done by pushing on the chest to make the heart pump blood into the victims body.

Proper Hand Position

For children, chest compression can be performed with one hand or with both hands. You may initially start with the use of one hand. Place the middle finger on top of the nipple and make sure that the heel of your hand is in line with the sternum. Compress the chest up to 1/3 to 1/2 of depth of chest.

If you cannot compress the chest up to 1/3 to 1/2 of depth of chest, then proceed with both hands chest compression.

Perform 30 chest compression at a rate of 100 per minute. CPR should be done for 2 minutes that would be 5 cycles of 30 chest compression and 2 rescue breaths.

After about two minutes of CPR, check the pulse and if the pulse is absent, continue CPR for another 2 minutes and recheck again. If the pulse is present check the breathing and provide rescue breaths if breathing is not present.

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    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR

      JPSO138 

      4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      Hi career mommy, we pray the same. Thanks for dropping by and taking time to read my hub. Best always!

    • Careermommy profile image

      Tirralan Watkins 

      4 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      I pray I never have to use this for my kids, but it's good knowledge to have. In fact, I need to update my CPR training. Thanks for the insight.

    • JPSO138 profile imageAUTHOR

      JPSO138 

      4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines, International

      I agree with you dreamermeg.. thanks for the comment.

    • DreamerMeg profile image

      DreamerMeg 

      4 years ago from Northern Ireland

      very important for all carers to know how to do this.

    • profile image

      noonespecial 

      7 years ago

      Is a person who's done the CPR A course allowed to preform CPR on a child? I'm 13 and I've done Bronse star, Bronse medalion, and Bronse cross, (or will have finnished the 2 last ones in 2 days). I'm not yet old enough to do the next level but I will as soon as I can. I babysit and I want to be able to tell the parents that if worst comes to worst I would be able to at least try to save their child!

      Please, Please answer!

    • glassvisage profile image

      glassvisage 

      9 years ago from Northern California

      Thanks for this! No matter how many times I take a CPR class, it never hurts to have a little refresher or update... especially when I work with kids!

    • Princessa profile image

      Wendy Iturrizaga 

      9 years ago from France

      Great topic, something that should be mandatory for all parents and people involved in child care.

    • ahpoetic profile image

      ahpoetic 

      9 years ago

      CPR for children is a great idea. I'm a substitute teacher and I try to encourage children to get involved in their neighborhoods as the schools do and to learn and do something to be a contributor to their schools, cities, villages, states and countries.

    • profile image

      Alfred 

      9 years ago

      Very informative hub. Great and useful information.

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