The diabetics should take foods according the food pyramid which is prescribed for all. But they should take plenty of green vegetables and fruits which should have low glycemic index. Edible oils should be restricted to MUFA (monounsaturated fats) and PUFA (polyunsaturated fats) only. Lean meat and fish may be consumed once or twice a week depending upon food preferences. Fast foods should be totally avoided since they are loaded with trans fats.
Sweets may be taken in very small amounts but a diabetic should be careful not to exceed total daily calorie requirments.
Some nuts may be taken in small amounts but keep in mind that they are dense in calories, so substitute them for some thing else so as not the exceed the daily requirement of calories.
Salt consumption should also be restricted since diabetics are prone to develop high blood pressure.
On the basis of there fundamentals, one can prepare nutritious recipes for the diabetics depending on their food choices and preferences.
Rather than a single food, the key to balance for the diabetic is a diet that balances the insulin/glucagon balance. The best research on this subject is from Dr. Barry Sears. He has half a dozen books out describing the Zone Diet. The core is that each meal or snack should have a ratio of 7 grams protein, 9 carb, and 3 fat, and the carbs should be low-glycemic index.
Diabetic patients who follow Dr. Sears recommendations and avoid caffeine and artificial sweeteners are likely to do very well.
Be sure you get your material direct from Dr. Barry Sears. Some things called the "zone diet" are no longer associated with him.
Thank you SidKemp for your detailed answer.My father who is 82 years is suffering from diabetics now. Sweets are his weakness.Surely I will follow Dr. Barry Sears as you said
Best wishes for your father's health and happiness.
Diabetic should eat low-carb. Carbohydrates turns into sugar upon digestion. I like the Paleolithic diet that I wrote about here:
http://blissfulwriter.hubpages.com/hub/ … ithic-diet
Basically eat leafy plants, fish, and animal meats. No bread, pasta, soda, dairy, bean, nor processed foods.
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