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What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

  1. Peter Leeper profile image81
    Peter Leeperposted 5 years ago

    What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

  2. Carol Burnham profile image60
    Carol Burnhamposted 5 years ago

    People with type 1 diabetes require insulin, either injected or by insulin pump.  It used to be called insulin dependent and juvenile diabetes.  Type 2 diabetics can often be helped by weight loss and exercise or oral medications. Type 2 diabetes used to be called adult onset.
    Hope this helps.

    1. profile image0
      Vickiwposted 5 years agoin reply to this

      Both the above are correct, but it may be helpful to add that Type 1 is an auto immune disease, not a lifestyle one, and that is why patients have no insulin, because basically the pancreas has no ability to function.

  3. bankscottage profile image95
    bankscottageposted 5 years ago

    Type 1 diabetics have a pancreas that does not produce insulin and thus they need to receive insulin by injection. 
    Type 2 diabetics have a pancreas that produces insulin but their body is resistant to the insulin.  They take medications, often oral, to increase insulin production and secretion by their pancreas, to decrease sugar uptake by the GI track, or promote uptake of glucose into cells.  Sometimes, Type 2 diabetics cannot be well controlled with only oral medications and insulin injections have to be added (that does not make them a Type 1 diabetic, they are a Type 2 diabetic on insulin).

  4. profile image56
    ashseoposted 3 years ago

    It depends upon how the blood sugar level is controlled by body while suffering with Diabetes. For more information visit: http://matchhealth.com/condition/diabet … -vs-type-2