With the addition of Justice Kavanaugh, the make-up of the Court is similar in temperament as the one that existed between 1840 and 1929. That Court destroyed American Civil Liberties then, and this Court will do the same.
So let's see how the previous conservative Court ruled:
* Prigg v. Pennsylvania, 41 U.S. 539 (1842) - Upheld right to own another person
* Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1857) - Declared "No Slave can ever be a citizen of the United States"
* United States v. Reese, 92 U.S. 214 (1876) - Effectively repealed the 15th Amendment which allowed blacks the right to vote. The Robert's Court has begun the process of reversing the Voting Rights Act of 1965
* Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883) - A set of five cases that overturned the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which provided for the enforcement of the 14th Amendment and effectively voided that Amendment. A series of rulings from the conservative Rehnquist and Robert's courts are doing the same thing to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965.
* PLESSY v. FERGUSON, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) - Ruled that "separate but equal" laws, e.g White's Only Bathrooms, does not discriminate against blacks.
* HAMMER v DAGENHART, 247 U.S. 251, 38 S. Ct. 529, 62 L. Ed. 1101 (1918) - Ruled that Federal law against Child Labor used in interstate commerce does not trump State law that allows it
* Buck v. Bell, 274 U.S. 200 (1927) - Allowed States to use forced sterilization when the "gene pool" would be threatened by low IQ parents.
In addition to civil and voting rights, other things are under assault with the conservative court of today. For example,
* A woman's right to choose
* Gay rights
* Taking money out of politics
* Freedom from religion
Assuming the two oldest liberal Justices live long enough to out last Donald Trump, it will be at least 12 years before it becomes likely that the oldest conservative justices may leave the bench. That is a lot of time to move away from those ideals that define a great America.
Further, Gorsuch promised Senator Collins that he believed in precedence - he lied as he has overturned it several times already.
Brett Kavanaugh promised the same thing to Collins, but not to Senator Feinstein. I think Collins was hoodwinked again.
I believe this Court will return us to the bad old days of the 1890s, do you?
You really think the confirmation of Kavanaugh is going to result in the disenfranchisement of the black vote? That segregated bathrooms will return because of it? That blacks will lose their citizenship and/or become slaves? That children will be forced to work in sweat shops?
You really need to get a grip, Eso!
I don't think the things you named will come about, Wilderness, but I think that women will take some backsets and have to fight harder for their rights. I don't trust Kavanaugh to keep his promises to wishy-washy Collins. Why should he?
Obviously no, that wasn't the point was it. The point was that the conservative court will head us in that direction slowly chipping away at civil rights for everybody but white, males. There is no question in my mind that women and minorities will suffer at the hands of this court ... they already have since the Rehnquist Court.
Women can't bring a class action suit against employers for wage discrimination.
It is now much more difficult for labor to organize and protect themselves from corporate abuse
Blacks find it more difficult to vote in conservative states.
"the conservative court will head us in that direction slowly chipping away at civil rights for everybody but white, males."
And the difference between this and what I said is...what, just the length of time required to accomplish the goal?
"Women can't bring a class action suit against employers for wage discrimination."
But men can, so conservative courts are sexist? I don't think so...
"It is now much more difficult for labor to organize and protect themselves from corporate abuse"
Sorry, I agree with the law. Vicious abuse by labor unions had to be curtailed; companies can't simply quit and leave as workers can.
"Blacks find it more difficult to vote in conservative states."
Again, I must disagree with the implication that blacks are either too stupid to vote absentee or that they are too lazy to get to polling places, while at the same time whites are neither. Requiring voter ID applies to ALL races, so it can't be that, either.
"But men can, so conservative courts are sexist? " Not a good point to make, Wilderness, men don't have to, they get paid more than women doing the same job and conservatives want to keep it that way.
In what world can people simply quit a job? There are only a very few times in history where you can simply quit and go out and find another one. Get real Wilderness. And historically, corporations have been much more viscous than any union ever though to be. For every one bad action by a labor union, you can find five bad actions against labor by corporations. Hell, it is going on today. The economy has been growing steadily since 2011 and what has labor have to show for it? Almost nada. As you said in another forum, wages have been stagnant. But Salaries have not, they have grown astronomically. This is even true now. Theory says that with unemployment below 4.5%, wage inflation should be happening. Why isn't it??
Obviously you have read much about the conservative attempts to suppress minority voting.
Your so-called "absentee ballot" is simply a red-hearing. If you can't get a ballot, you can't vote absentee can you.
Here are just seven of the many ways to suppress voting. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics … oting-2016
If you want, I can find you a dozen more articles and studies.
"Not a good point to make, Wilderness, men don't have to, they get paid more than women doing the same job and conservatives want to keep it that way."
Now that is just flat untrue; while there are employers that violate the law, overall women are paid within 2% of what men are paid for the same job.
It is true that the women of America earn less than men, but it is just as true that they do not head for the high paying jobs, either.
"In what world can people simply quit a job?"
*shrug* I did. When I got sick of the manager put in, I "simply quit and went and found another one". It required re-training and times were very tough for a few years, but I did it, moving across the country as I did.
I realize that it is a popular myth that people can't quit the job they have. Of course that means if they are laid off they won't be able to ever work again, and we know that isn't true, but the myth is alive and well.
"But Salaries have not, they have grown astronomically."
Sure they have. That "astronomical" growth was one reason I left my job.
"Theory says that with unemployment below 4.5%, wage inflation should be happening. Why isn't it??"
Not sure. Could 10-20 million illegals be holding it down as they will work for peanuts?
"Your so-called "absentee ballot" is simply a red-hearing. If you can't get a ballot, you can't vote absentee can you."
Have you ever heard of the United States Postal Service? They will mail you a ballot...if you but ask for one. You DO have to take that terribly onerous step, though.
I'm sorry, Eso, but your list of terrible, terrible voting practices aren't terrible at all. Students voting with a valid student ID...while their permanent residence is in another state and they can vote there. I don't have a problem with requiring citizenship proof to vote, or with requiring large groups submitting voter registrations to register.
In fact, not a single one of those was egregious, racist or party specific. IMO.
Exactly, My Esoteric. The confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh is dangerous. He expressed that he was anti-abortion. He furthermore indicated that birth control pills are abortifacients. This Conservative administration resulted in more curtailment of human & civil rights against Blacks, Latinos, women, & the LGBT community.
You seem sure of the "abortificients" claim GMwilliams. You have mentioned it before.
Here is another perspective;
"What Kavanaugh actually said is complicated. He was paraphrasing an argument made by the Catholic group Priests for Life in their suit against the Obama administration over the contraceptive mandate in the Affordable Care Act. Speaking of the form necessary to get a religious exemption from the mandate, Kavanaugh said, “they said filling out the form would make them complicit in the provision of the abortion-inducing drugs that they were, as a religious matter, objecting to.”
Source Vox article: Kavanaugh’s description of birth control as “abortion-inducing drugs,” explained
I believe I've seen you post that same information twice. Tough to kill the lies and spin when the speaker cares more about vilifying than about truth.
Once again no proof or evidence just a misunderstanding of facts and truth.
I think I heard the theme from the Twilight Zone when I read this.
Women can't bring a class action suit against employers for wage discrimination.
It is now much more difficult for labor to organize and protect themselves from corporate abuse
Blacks find it more difficult to vote in conservative states.
I applaud your imagination.
You obviously don't follow the Supreme Court rulings do you. So, no sense in educating you with facts you won't believe anyway.
I mean this in the most sincere way, please tell me what 'rights' are currently benefiting 'white males' that are exclusive to them?
Are there laws enacted protecting them, or giving them special rights, that I do not know about?
Are there special groups advocating for 'white males'... I know of organizations like the NAACP, and BLM... I know of NOW and the AFO, there is the EEOC and the EHO... many officially recognized or federal entities.
Exactly what rights do 'white males' enjoy that are protected or recognized by our government and laws that benefits them only?
I used to have a lot of respect for Collins, but I think she used this debacle for self-promotion. I think she had her mind made up in the beginning. There was no reason for her to make a public spectacle of herself by her on-again, off-again announcements, and then speak for 45 minutes in his defense. I wonder if this is a preliminary run for president. At one time, I might have considered voting for her as a presidential candidate, but not now.
I must ask. Do you actually follow anything in regards to the accomplishments of this president? I know many are holding on to a bitterness due to losing the election. However, it might be time to really take time to check into some of the wonderful things that are happening in America. Many of us are grateful for change, and can't conceive why many are so bent out of shape... Take a breather, and look at what your party has really become and check out some of the positive things that are happening in our country.
Actually, I do. He has accomplished several things, but almost all of them have been bad for American and regular Americans. There are a few minor actions I thought were good, but none of his accomplishments.
It isn't the number of accomplishments that make a good president, but the quality of them and how they enhanced 1) America's standing in the world, 2) America's economy, 3) liberty for ALL Americans, 4) make America proud, and 5) quality of living for Americans who earn less than $250,000/yr in a meaningful way. (Those that earn more don't need any help.)
Name me one accomplishment that met any of those goals, let alone several of them.
He has met everyone and more? Not sure if you respect actual economic facts, and how president Trump has broken most barriers in regards to job grown lowest unemployment in 49 years, the stock market has never seen these numbers, he certainly has made it better for American's that make below $250,00...The country is now seen a wage increase that we have not seen in over 10 years. People that could not get jobs now can... America is worth 12 trillion more, a record-breaking number. Liberty for all American's. He is the first president in my life that cares about all Americans, ad some don't realize that. Make American's proud. He makes many of us proud. Just to see what he does daily. Perhaps if you checked his itinerary daily you might see h cares about all American's. (he posts his daily itinerary daily on facebook). I myself am so impressed how he spreads himself so thin. He is a hands-on president. I so admire that. America's standing in the world. One can see he has made the world sit up and realize we will not be taken advantage of. It well appears many of our allies appreciate him. he is a man of strength, and putting America first. Which I think was long overdue. It is so funny how we completely disagree with the president. You have pointed out all the things I have given the president credit for doing.
It' clear the country is very split. In the end, I am grateful for all of his accomplishments, and will not look forward to ever having a same old same old do nothing type president. He is the first president in my adult life I can truly say is keeping his agenda. Keeping to what he promised while campaigning.
His accomplishments are great, there is no other president that has ever accomplished as much. I am very sure he will continue to break records, fix longtime problems, and get little credit for a segment of the population. Yet we all will be enjoying a better America.
"He has met everyone and more?" - ?
"Not sure if you respect actual economic facts, " - Actually, I am a professional cost and economic analyst. What is your qualifications?
"Trump has broken most barriers in regards to job grown lowest unemployment in 49 years, " - actually, if you look at the data, the unemployment figures are just a continuation of what Obama started. ALSO, the data shows that Obama did a much better job at getting people employed than Trump has.
" the stock market has never seen these numbers, " - Yes, this is true. But, Obama could have done the same thing by increasing the national debt in order to give big corporations huge tax benefits. If you look at the data, you will see the stock market take off once Trump promised to cut corporate taxes so they could do huge stock buy-backs and larger salaries for executives but very little for normal workers. Aldo, while they did increase investment a little bit, it wasn't even close to what was expected of them.
"he certainly has made it better for American's that make below $250,00..." - show how he significantly improved their economic lives.
"The country is now seen a wage increase that we have not seen in over 10 years" - actually, while wages started increasing the last year of Obama's admin, they have not nearly increased as much as would be expected with such low unemployment rates. WHY?
"People that could not get jobs now can." - actually, Obama already did that, Trump is just riding on what he did.
"America is worth 12 trillion more, a record-breaking number. " - Again, Trump is just riding on Obama's coattails.
"Liberty for all American's. " - Ask Muslims and LGBTQ Americans if they think they have more liberty. Ask women survivors who have come forward if they think being called EVIL by Trump feels like liberty.
"He is the first president in my life that cares about all Americans" - Absolutely false! Every president before Trump cared more about Americans than he does. He ONLY cares about his white, male core followers. He doesn't even care much about you because you are a woman.
"I so admire that. America's standing in the world. " - You need to read international news - they think Trump and America are a joke, a very dangerous joke. This is a 2017 study and, since Trump has been a serial insulter to ALL of our allies, it is worse now. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/20 … ees-trump/
"One can see he has made the world sit up and realize we will not be taken advantage of. " - We have not been taken advantage of, most nations in the world feel the opposite is true.
" I can truly say is keeping his agenda. " - yes, that is true and he will keep on doing it no matter how much it destroys America and the world. (If you are on the younger side, you will see how badly Trump has hurt the world by 2035 - just a short 17 years away - because that is when experts say is the point of no return if the world doesn't drastically change its ways. But Trump has already caused the US carbon footprint to increase again.
"there is no other president that has ever accomplished as much. " - Actually, most modern presidents prior to Trump have had more major accomplishments in 18 months than Trump has.
Somehow I get the feeling you are an Obama fan, and a Trump hater.
Because everything Trump does that you find good you attribute to Obama - a man that could do no wrong as he drove America to be the pocketbook and laughing stock of the world.
I am an Obama fan because his policies, philosophies, and actions agree with what I think are good for America. Further, he, like almost all presidents before him, had character that most American's respect and he didn't embarrass Americans on the world stage.
I don't hate Trump, he is mentally ill, after all. But I do find him a disgusting human being whose characteristics and demeanor are examples of what NOT to be. His policies, by-and-large are, frankly, anti-American in nature.
Your comment about Obama is only true in the mind of a small number of Obama-haters and Trump-acolytes.
Well, you started out pretty well: you are certainly welcome to your opinion that Obama's ruinous policies were good for the country.
Things feel apart quickly, though, when you claim your president is mentally ill; a claim that you have no right whatsoever to make and that makes anything else you have to say worthless as it reveals not only a tremendous bias but a decided lack of civility.
I have realized it is a waste of energy and time arguing with those that just don't share my opinion of the job Trump is doing. I respect his accomplishments, and how hard he has worked to keep promises. It is very apparent the split in the country is here to stay. Those that think the way I do will vote for Trump once again in 2020. Just unwilling to give up the direction the country is heading.
Those that oppose him will certainly become more disillusioned, and angry. I very much doubt the Dems will see the inside of the WH for many years. No matter how they try, they end up looking foolish, they lack the vision to move on. They hope to usher in socialism. They have nothing to offer...
Sharlee, I view your response as an island of reality in a ocean of distortion, misunderstanding of facts and oblivion to the truth. Keep it going!
Her, and your, response is to simply ignore the truth and believe in Trump's alternate reality where lies are truth and truth doesn't matter.
You see, your side simply doesn't care that:
* Trump constantly lies about almost anything
* Trump is a sexual predator
* Trump is dangerously mentally ill (at least in the opinion of psychiatrists and other expert mental health professionals - read (but I know you won't) "The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump" a well documented and well reasoned analysis of Trump"
* Trump is a first class bully
* Trump is ignorant of how the gov't works and he refuses to learn
* Trump is a misogynist and calls women who speak out about sexual assault - Evil
* Trump is a racist
* Trump is ... oh, I'll just stop there.
Fortunately, 80% of Americans now know this is true and will never vote for him again.
"* Trump is ignorant of how the gov't works and he refuses to learn"
Good. That's why he was hired. We don't need more politicians and we don't need more "business as usual".
* Trump is ignorant of how the gov't works and he refuses to learn"
And yet he is doing so well. Not sure you are willing to face that he is keeping his word. keeping most of his campaign promise. Some of the same promises Obama made and did not keep... It seems a bit foolish to protest so hard, and continue to say the same things over and over... Do you realize none of what you listed has any relevance?
Exactly How is he doing so well? What bad thing coming out of the Obama administration that he reversed and made better.
Don't say the economy because of the the 4.2% GDP growth for the last couple of quarters - Obama beat that several times - just google it.
Don't say jobs (although the unemployment rate is lower) because Obama put more people to work that Trump has in a similar time period.
Don't say global warming because Trump is not increasing the US carbon footprint while Obama was decreasing it.
Granted, rich people and corporations are reaping huge cash windfalls under Trump than under Obama. But, the middle class has barely improved.
Don't mention global respect (although you probably think that is worthless) because it was much, much higher under Obama and is in the tank under Trump
How about protecting the border? What improvement has Trump made there, other than doing a better job of kidnapping kids? Some reports say crossings are up under Trump now (of course others say it is lower).
You can say the stock market is doing better than the trend set by Obama. But why? Because he increased the deficit and debt in order to give huge tax breaks to himself, other rich people, and rich corporations. But by next year, after his tariffs do their dirty work, that probably won't be the case.
I think you have a very good imagination. Facts, truth and reality are not part of your thinking. You are out of touch with what is happening in the political spectrum of the United States. Whatever you think of President Donald Trump, he is a thousand percent better president than Hillary would have been.
No imagination needed, all of those points are well documented and easy to find from reliable sources. Start googling.
The last point about 80% will be hard to find. That is estimated from the results of many polls. Bottom line, 20% of Americans will never say a bad thing about Trump even if he actually does shoot someone in the middle of the street in broad daylight. I bet you are one.
"Don't say the economy because of the the 4.2% GDP growth for the last couple of quarters - Obama beat that several times - just google it."
I thought I would take one thing and prove you wrong. It appears from 2011 to 2018, over 4.2% GDP was reached three times. In my book, that's not classified as several. Good try. Good Imagination.
https://www.statista.com/statistics/188 … in-the-us/
I'm sure I would have no problems disproving the rest of your rhetoric, but I do have better things to do.
Do you think the high rate of increase during Obama might have had something to do with how low it had sunk and the tremendous unemployment rate? It isn't hard to get a high rate of increase in GDP as you rise back to what it had been. That rate won't last long, of course, but as normalcy returns it's great for a while!
Good thing we have Trump to keep it going rather than stagnate when employment returned to "normal" isn't it? I suppose the growth rate will fall again as employment is very nearly 100% (or is it actually over that?), but there IS a limit to what can be done without massive increases in personal productivity, and that takes time to accomplish. Years, not months.
I agree. President Donald Trump is an international businessman worth billions. He knows how to make money. He's not a political Idealoge. He is a pragmatic businessman who puts American citizens and businesses first. This is refreshing.
"Worth billions" - so he says. Forbes puts his net worth at $3.5 billion, but how much of that was from his own initiative. When you peel back the onion on Trump's business acumen, it begins to crumble. He has had many business failures over and above his six failed casinos. Best I can tell, his success has been in promoting and selling his name.
I certainly agree he is not a political ideologue, he is just an opportunist whose is amoral and is purely transactional. His is why he can reverse his opinion on a dime and then go back again.
"Pragmatic"? I don't think so. Pragmatism - "an approach that assesses the truth of meaning of theories or beliefs in terms of the success of their practical application." That definition does not fit Trump in the slightest.
Trump is a showman, a snake oil salesman that gullible people believe.
If you believe economist Thomas Piketty's authoritative book "Capitalism in the 21st Century", average long-term growth an advanced nation can expect is around 2.5%, plus or minus. Anything over 3.5% leads to boom-bust cycles if maintained too long. America saw that in spades before 1940.
It is a VERY long book but well worth the read if you really want to understand how the economy works.
I suspect if I you had found 10 times, you still wouldn't classify that as several. If it is more than two, it is several by any definition. BTW, the dictionary also defines several as "more than two but not many." You may want to rewrite your book.
But in any case I went to the same source, once the economy recovered from the conservative inspired recession, Obama beat 3% 9 times. He beat 3.5% four times. He beat 4.5% three times and he beat 5% on time.
So far Trump has beat 3%, 3.5%, and 4% once. He has beat 4.5% zero times and 5% zero times. Granted he has only had 6 quarters but in the first 6 quarter after the economy started growing again in 2nd quarter 2011, Obama beat 3% twice to Trump's once.
Also, Obama was facing an announced and very active campaign by the GOP to stop economic growth in order to make Obama look bad. The Democrats have not returned that favor, mainly because the GOP hasn't done very much to create jobs since they took over 100% of the government. The job growth they have achieved is a deceleration of the trend Obama had set.
But wait, My Esoteric. What if the guy needed shooting, (some people do you know)? Would recognizing that still qualify as blind Trump support?
No Esoteric, GA is an impartial observer. He's been telling us that for awhile now..you got him all wrong.
Democrats and Republicans are just party labels whose philosophies change on a regular basis. Therefore to talk about party labels over time is nonsensical and not worth talking about..
Conservative and liberal are philosophies and are unchanging and is what is important to a rational discussion. All of those rulings were by conservatives and consistent with conservative philosophy.
All of those rulings were by Democrats who abided by a liberal interpretation of this country's founding principles of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The proposition that all men are created equal and endowed with these inalienable rights is a conservative principle. Democrats were the ones who took liberties with that sentiment, and it was conservative Republicans who fought to end slavery, and segregation.
Democrats were the ones who ginned up mobs against the law when they created the KKK, and they continue to do so with groups like Antifa, and BLM. Different agenda, same tactics.
My Esoteric , I've read a few comments like these , how we're going to return to the days of yesterday in the courts . That's ridiculous in my opinion . What we WON'T do however is continue down the useless roads of extremist SCOTUS activism . I can't wait until a couple of the Obama appointees are replaced or at least made irrelevant in their votes on the courts , that IS what this is all about and what the next choice too will be about .
No worries , neither the 60 million million mindless abortions in fifty years nor other cultural entitlements are inherently endangered , such liberties don't generally reverse themselves in America , when have they ever ?
You might be surprised to learn that conservative judges are no less activists and liberal ones.
Consider Scalia's 2nd Amendment ruling. NONE of his reasoning was contained in the Constitution beyond the actual words in the Amendment.
Consider Citizen's United. The 1st Amendment had to be read as broadly as possible in order to justify allowing unlimited corporate money in politics. Even liberals wouldn't bend the Constitution that much.
"You might be surprised to learn that conservative judges are no less activists and liberal ones."
And we will find out of Kavanaugh is one of those activist judges. He never has been, but he could change.
Liberals will bend the constitution just as much as conservatives allow them to. And vice versa.
Another Trump love fest? Should I bother to read or just jump in and counter the insanity, lol. Where is Trump's birth certificate???
by Scott Belford 4 years ago
Clearly, Donald Trump will nominate the most extreme conservative he can find to replace Kennedy and Sen Mitch McConnell will do everything he can to get him appointed.At stake, of course, is Kennedy's own legacy. I suspect he is quite aware that the important decisions he sided with the...
by James Smith 9 years ago
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pl … cNVxaNhE#!Have you ever felt like your blood is actually boiling? That's what it feels like to be peace and freedom lovers these days - those who may have an issue with kill lists, drone strikes and illegal wars. According to the Southern Poverty Law...
by Marlene Bertrand 5 years ago
Do American citizens give up their civil rights when they join the military?My husband told me that when he joined the military, they told him he was the property of the United States. That got me to wondering if that meant he lost his civil rights while he was serving in the military.
by Scott Belford 5 years ago
My thought is No, they should go ahead and filibuster Judge Gorsuch now and not wait. The fear of filibustering now is that the Rs might use the "Nuclear Option" - using a simple majority to change Senate rules to eliminate filibustering for Supreme Court nominees; just as Democrats...
by Sooner28 9 years ago
http://www.alternet.org/news-amp-politi … 11-bargain Left source.http://communities.washingtontimes.com/ … -tsarnaev/ right sourcehttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/need-to-know/th … ous/12563/ Whatever way you think PBS leans, it's a good article.People from the left...
by Doodlehead 9 years ago
According to Lew Rockwell, Ron Paul has plans to lead the Liberty Caucus Republicanswhen he resigns in December. Lew says Dr. Paul has kept his typical low profileuntil he is out of Congress. What do you think he has planned?
Copyright © 2022 Maven Media Brands, LLC and respective content providers on this website. HubPages® is a registered trademark of Maven Coalition, Inc. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Maven Media Brands, LLC and respective content providers to this website may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website.
|HubPages Device ID||This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel||This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.|
|Remarketing Pixels||We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels||We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.|