How and why is Sunday considered a day for church and religious practices?
The Roman church decided to change the Sabbath to Sunday so that the early Christians would not identify with the Jewish faith. No man or church can change what God commanded. The vast majority of Christian churchs came from that Roman Church. The Roman church is mentioned in Revelations as adorned in purple and scarlet.
It is because of Genesis. God created the universe in 6 days and rested on the 7th. Of course the days are named arbitrarily, but in most places, Sunday is considered the last day of the week, so it is natural to hold religious practices on that last day of rest.
The ruler Constantine implemented the Sunday Law in 321 A.D. to integrate Roman Catholicism with pagan worship of the sun god.
At first Christianity was viewed as a sect of Judaism. Jesus and his followers all preached in synagogues and observed the Jewish Sabbath. The book of Acts and some Epistles demonstrate that the early Christians, after the crucifixion, continued to observe the Jewish Sabbath but would also gather together on "The Lord's day" i.e Sunday, the day of the resurrection.
The Epistles also speak of the great debate that took place regarding circumcision. This was important because once the Christians replaced circumcision with baptism as the entry into fellowship they could no longer be part of the Jewish Faith. To have an uncircumcised man preach in the Synagogue would not be permitted.
The Christian faith grew most rapidly amongst the gentiles who had no attachment to the Jewish Sabbath and were not allowed to observe it as Jews because of their lack of circumcision. However, as Christians they would observe Sunday as the day of resurrection. As the early church grew and moved further away from Judaic practices, the Lord's day replaced the Jewish Sabbath.
Hebrew and Christian calendars consider Sunday the first day of the week. The secularist International Organization for Standardization considers it the last.
From the beginning of Christianity, Sunday was considered the day of Christ's resurrection, and so for gentile Christians it was usually observed as the holy day of the week. That practice became institutionalized when Christianity was made one of the state religions of the Byzantine pantheon. Christian societies have ordered their social and work weeks around that tradition for over fifteen hundred years now, and so it is a deeply rooted one, unlikely to change anytime soon.
All of the below answers are true. To summarize, the 7-day week has its origins in the story of Creation in Genesis, in the Hebrew Bible, also called the Old Testament. Jewish people celebrate this on Saturday. The early Church had two or three reasons for changing the day of the sabbath (day of rest and worship) to Sunday:
- to differentiate themselves from the Jews, possibly including both allowing Jewish Christians to practice on both days, and to allow all Christians (Jewish or not) to practice together on the same day.
- to honor the resurrection of Jesus, which occurred on a Sunday.
- and possibly in relation to replacing a Roman weekly festival with a Christian one, though that would have been about 200 years later, in 321AD.
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