Good question - I don't know why but when he lead the Israelites out of Egypt he was rather old. Perhaps the answer is not in reaching the Promised land - perhaps the answer is in the journey. The journey of someone's life can be more important than the end.
He was denied because he personally took credit for a miracle that God performed and he also did not listen to the instruction God gave him and did it his own way. I am referring to when he struck the rock in Horeb with his staff and water came out because the Israelites were complaining that they were going to die of thirst in the wilderness.
When Moses and the Israelites finally arrived at the land God had promised them, they sent Joshua and Caleb to scout it out. Joshua and Caleb came back and gave them the news that there was a lot to overcome if they were to take the land. God told Moses to go in anyway, and to trust God that it would be theirs. Moses and the Israelites were afraid and refused to go in despite God's promise of providence. Due to their refusal to trust in God, God allowed them to wander for forty years. It was pretty much their own fault.
Moses never made it to the promised land with the Israelites. Only the younger generations Israelites made it there, including Caleb and Joshua.
Your answer, I believe, tells us why God did not permit many Israelites to enter Canaan, but not why He kept Moses from going across the Jordan.
Probably because he murdered someone. I don't think it mattered that he did it to save a slave or not. It was still considered murder anywhere that he went.
When the children of Israel complained to God for water, God instructed Moses to speak to the rock, and the rock will gush out with water. But instead of speaking to the rock, Moses struck at the rock with his staff, not once, but twice.
Why? It was obvious that Moses was very angry that God chose to provide water to the Israelites despite their complaining and murmurings since that was the second instance. There was a similar event at the wilderness of Sin. but that time Moses followed God instruction to the letter.
Just as renegadetory said, Moses dishonored God before the Israelites by striking at the rock and also referring to the people as rebels, thus judging them in his heart. He did not carry out the instruction as given by God.
God reproved Moses of his actions, showed him the promised land from the top of Mount, but was kept from making the journey into the promised land as he died and was buried amidst the mountain.
From Numbers 20
Another “first month” passes, and Israel is wandering in the Wilderness of Zin in Kadesh (v. 1a). Not only does Miriam die there, but the people again have no water (vv. 1b-2a). They contend with Moses and Aaron about this condition and about their general status, believing that the leadership has reneged on their promise to lead them into a Land of plenty (vv. 2b-5). As always, Moses and Aaron take the complaint before God, falling on their face before Him (v. 6a), and Yahweh’s shekinah appears to them (v. 6b).
The LORD commands Moses to take his rod, gather Israel together, and speak to a certain rock—probably a gigantic landmark—,and He will cause water to gush forth from it (vv. 7-8). Moses rebukes the rebels, but then reacts uncharacteristically, proudly striking the rock twice in his disobedience to God’s word (vv. 9-11a). Still, Yahweh graciously sends forth a miraculous flow of water for the people (v. 11b). Afterwards, however, he forbids Moses and Aaron from leading the people into the Land because of their unbelief at the water of Meribah (Contention) [vv. 12-13].
Here's the answer and all you have to do is read it in scripture
“God spoke to Moses, saying, 'Take the staff and assemble the congregation, you and your brother Aaron, and speak to the rock in their presence so that it will give forth its water. You shall bring forth water for them from the rock, and give the congregation and their livestock to drink.'
“Moses took the staff from before the Lord as He had commanded him. Moses and Aaron assembled the congregation in front of the rock, and he said to them, 'Now listen, you rebels, can we draw water for you from this rock?'
“Moses raised his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice, when an abundance of water gushed forth, and the congregation and their livestock drank.
“God said to Moses and Aaron, 'Since you did not have faith in Me, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly to the Land which I have given them.'"
What exactly was Moses' and Aaron's sin? What did they do wrong?
God told Moses to speak to the rock. Instead, Moses struck the rock (his brother Aaron complied). It was this error of Moses that prevented him from entering the Holy Land.
Want more about the reasons why? I’ll write a hub on it.
8. Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
11. And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
Because he struck the rock instead of spoke to the rock. In effect this is the same reason why the original Israelites did not enter. Disobedience.
It was because of a small mistake which Moses has done by striking the rock instead of speaking to the rock. By denying the promised land to Moses, God is teaching to the New Testament Church how important it is to obey Him even in small matters in order to inherit His full blessings.
Little disobedience can rob great blessings of God
pure and simple. Disobedience.
God said speak to the rock an he struck it. He did not trust God to use his words instead of his staff so he resorted to the previous way because it worked before. Can you imagine what would have been the reaction of the people if he had spoken to the rock instead of striking it and water had gushed forth? It might have prevented many of the problems that were encountered later.
Today so many people are in bondage to "we have always done it this way" and miss the blessings of God because they just can't bring themselves to that level of submission-trust.
unfortunately a great number of these people profess to be Christian Leaders and lead people down wrong paths because of their personal ego. This is one of the reasons so many get discouraged with Christianity , because of those who say, do as i say and do not do it themselves (do not set proper examples)
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