The trade winds are the east to southeasterly winds (in the Southern Hemisphere) which affect tropical and subtropical regions, including the northern areas of Australia. During the monsoon season in northern Australia, the easterly trade winds are replaced by moist northwesterly (monsoonal) winds from the Indian Ocean and southern Asian ocean waters.
Local winds.... and "wind" over the short term (daily) is pretty fickle.... BUT....
... over longer periods (say, months) and greater expanses (say, across the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans), there are trends to wind which are considered "trade winds"...... That terms comes from those early days when all ships moved by sails... AND the crude sails didn't allow boats to "sail" "to windward" (tacking, as we know it today).... All a ship could do was hoist its sails and hope that the wind blew the ship toward where the Captain wanted it to go....
It worked out reasonable well in the Atlantic Ocean... since the "trade winds" went southbound down from Portugal, then west across the Atlantic.... These are the winds that Columbus used to get him to the Caribbean.... Up North, the winds go roughly west-to-east.... up the US coast, along the Canadian Atlantic provinces and over to Greenland, Iceland, and England.... so the route/circuit of travelling to the "New World" was complete.....
That's enough for now.....
Winds which blow with great constancy in two belts about 1,400 miles wide near and on each side of the equator. The northern "trades" blow from the north-east, and the southern trades from the south-east. Their name is due to the great help given by them to sailing ships bringing produce from distant lands.
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