Though alcohol is very common beverage and there are stated safe levels of drinking; There is a spectrum of alcohol consumers
• Social Drinkers- People who drink for pleasure, but drinks less than 3 units per day and they will not get drunk
(Here1 unit of alcohol (8 g) =1/2 pint of beer;1 single measure (25 ml) of spirit like whiskey, gin, vodka;1 small glass of wine or small glass of sherry )
• Harmful or heavy drinkers- People who consume alcohol in terms of quantity and or frequency than in safe level that can cause damage to physical, mental health they can become dependent drinkers.
• Dependant drinkers- People who drink heavily that will cause a condition called alcohol dependant syndrome which include physiological, behavioral, and cognitive phenomena. This needs to be treated.
• Problem drinking is a general term used to describe those who use alcohol lead to alcohol related disorder or disability including harmful users and dependant users.
• Binge drinkers are those who drink excessively in short bouts, usually 24–48 hours long, separated by often quite lengthy periods of abstinence. Their overall monthly or weekly alcohol intake may be relatively modest.
Alcohol Dependent Syndrome is a psychiatric condition which needs to be treated, there person become dependent on repeated self- administration of alcohol which ultimately result in tolerance, withdrawal and compulsive drug taking behavior. It also causes substance related problems.
Elements of the alcohol dependence Syndrome (these are described in ICD 10)
1. A strong desire or sense of compulsion to take alcohol
2. Difficulties in controlling alcohol-taking behavior
3. Further drinking as a relief or to avoid alcohol withdrawal syndrome which will be described later particularly even in morning as an eye-opener
4. Increase tolerance for alcohol there person has to take increased amounts of alcohol in order to achieve affects previously obtained by lower doses
5. Progressive neglect of alternating interests due to alcohol use
6. Increased amounts of time needed to obtaining or taking alcohol, or recovering from its use
7. Persisting use of alcohol despite clear evidence of overtly harmful use (example liver damage, depressed mood states subsequent to alcohol use)