What Does R, N, D, L, S, 1, 2 Stand For In Automatic Gear Transmission?
Reverse, Neutral, Drive, ?, ?, 1st gear, 2nd gear.
I've never seen L and S though.
L is low gear and will lock the transmission in 1st gear only, good for winter driving or towing.
Depending on the car, S can mean Super on some makes, making the transmission upshift at higher revs than normal. On other makes S is the same as 2nd gear and limits the transmission to first or second gear only.
L1...Low Drive 1
L2...Low Drive 2
L(or 1st)- Low gear
S(or 2)- Second gear
1- 1st gear
2- Second gear
reverse, neutral, drive, low, second gear, 1st gear, 2nd gear
Automatics typically follow the standard pattern of "PRND", Park, Reverse, Neutral, Drive.
L typically means "Low Gear". This allows you to sacrifice speed for power, and is more common in larger vehicles that might be expected to tow something heavy.
S usually means "Sport", and is basically Drive with altered shifting patterns. Typically the transmission will stay in gear longer before changing.
1 and 2 are simply that, 1st and 2nd gear. The behaviour of the transmission varies from model to model (and age) but some transmissions will let you hold it in 1st or 2nd regardless, whereas others will force change if you let the revs fall too low or get too high.
You may also see "+" and "-" on some shifters. This allows you to change gears manually by knocking the shifter over ("+" to go up the gears, "-" to go down).
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