Criticism was by far the most prevalent and its effects are long-lasting. While there is a place for criticism at appropriate times; positive reinforcement does a lot more for self-esteem. My parents were either indifferent or complaining and I don't remember my childhood with them with any sort of fondness.
My grandparents were the opposite. I felt unconditional love from them and even when I was misbehaving; I didn't feel I was being judged unfairly. Big difference. I was lucky to have them in my life for 14 years to counterbalance the negativity and screaming I endured at the hands of my father.
To this day I have a pretty harsh inner critic at times and I think it's due to that conditioning of being called "stupid" "ugly" "bad" and screamed at for every tiny infraction. Thankfully, I studied a lot and learned a lot about how to "rework" the subconscious and control one's thoughts through meditation and other means. It helped undo most of the damage, but some effects still linger.