I just want to ask something, as you can see on my subject of my topic, I am confused when to put comma after the word "and"? I have read hubs about how to use comma, but some time I see sentences where comma is preceded by the word and.
I know how to use comma like: use a comma to separate elements of a series, use a comma before conjunction, use a comma to set off nonessential clauses, and introduce direct quotes and before an attribution. But putting comma after conjunctions I have no idea.
Do you have any idea when to use comma after the word "and" or other conjunction words?
I'm sure there are situations where you will see a comma after "and". For instance:
"He said she was crazy and, in my opinion, he was correct."
However, if "and" is being used to connect two parts of a sentence together with nothing in between, I can't see any situation where a comma would be correct. Although one thing you'll learn with English grammar is "never say never"!
I agree with Marissa.
In the sentence,
"He said he was crazy and, in my opinion, he was correct."
The "in my opinion" can be left out and the sentence will still make sense.
It's just qualifying the "he was correct".
You could still read the sentence, "He said she was crazy, and he was correct." It would still be a perfectly good sentence, though maybe not as nuanced as you want it to be. Adding "in my opinion" gives that extra nuance and you put commas on either side to show that it can nicely be snippeted out of the sentence, without taking away all the "sense".
So this is the only time I can think of where you'll find a comma after "and". Maybe there are others?
Also what revmjm says below is very interesting. I don't think I ever got that point before.
By the was, is that Tagalog in the "comments" section in your post, astigpinoy16?
Thanks for the help guys. Now I understand the use of commas on either side. That you can omit the words or phrases yet the sentence still makes sense.
@Royo1234- yes, that's Tagalog or you can say Filipino because that is more formal as national language.
In Law, its Correct ... In English Literature, no ... its incorrect.
I, however, get around this, by using "..." !
I din't see a sample sentences of using a comma after conjunctions in that link. More help please.
You use a comma BEFORE "and" only when there is a complete sentence on both sides of "and." "And" is the conjunction combining the two sentences.
Example: The man went to the store, and his wife went home. (If you take "and" out you will have to complete sentences.
The man went home and went to sleep. No comma before "and" because these are not two complete sentences. The one before the "and" is a complete sentence, but the one after the "and" is not.
By the way, the same rule applies for the word "but" as in the sentence above.
English is difficult, and proper punctuation is harder!
A comma is used before "and" when listing 3 or more items:
He went home to get his cellphone, book, and backpack for school.
A comma is also used to separate parts of a sentence that contain both a noun and verb:
He went home to get his cellphone, and he ate a snack.
A comma is used after "and" for a parenthetical expression- just as you would use a set of parentheses (by the way):
Don't forget to go home and grab your backpack and, by the way, get a snack too.
I hope this helps!
Thanks Cat on a soapbox, now it became clear to me that I can use a comma after the word "and" for parenthetical expression.
English is not my native language and it's hard to learn but I really wanted to learn all these stuff. Thanks for the help.
Both are correct. It just depends on what style you're following. I think AP style is the only one that does not use the serial comma. There was a whole thread about this last week. Search the forums for a thread on the Oxford comma.
Hm, are you talking compound sentences? If this is what you are referring to, you would need to include a comma before 'and'. But if not, I was more than happy to help you anyways!
Actually I am referring to parenthetical expression, and I didn't know that. Now I know the other use of comma aside from making a series and separating independent sentences.
English is not my native language and I am really having a hard time learning it. But I am eager to understand every single punctuation of it. Thanks for the good community here.
I will shout for a help here again if there were still confusions.
Here's a hub by Shil1978.
Thanks for the link. I will bookmark this for future reference and thanks for the help.
It's correct if it's used parenthetically. The easiest test is to try replacing the comma and the next comma in the sentence with parentheses or brackets. If the sentence makes sense that way then the commas are correct. If it does not, or if there is not another comma later in the sentence at all, then the comma after the "and" is incorrect.
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