the four noble truths..1) life is suffering 2) suffering is because of desire 3) suffering ends when desire (carving) ends 4) that can be done by following path laid down by buddha
Taking the view that Buddhism is also a humanistic tradition and some argue that it is an Atheistic tradition because it negates the beginning of the Universe [and a creator god], we can ask what are its philosophies.
I have been studying Buddhism (and a little of Hinduism occasionally) for a while, so I feel like I am developing a fairly reasonable opinion about Buddhism. Thank you for any questions related to Buddhism.
AEvans [at Hubpages] asked: What are the philosophies of Buddhism? Good question. I am glad this question was phrased "philosophies" [plural] instead of "philosophy" [singular]. It does sound odd at first to say that there are many philosophies behind Buddhism. I suspect that many Buddhists would prefer to say that there is only one well-defined philosophy of Buddhism, but upon careful study, I have to look at Buddhism as a bunch of philosophies. I could break it down by regions, or schools, or traditions. But even within one school, there seems to be apparent contradictions. But I like to look at the different philosophies as different ways to attack different problems for different people and circumstances.
One major philosophy of Buddhism is taught under the Four Noble Truths, as already given in the answer by pisean282311. That philosophy is an excellent way to treat most of our problems as the result of our undisciplined minds and that through the Eightfold Path, or whatever other Buddhist disciplines, we have the know-how to change our minds and become happier as a result, no matter what the situation. The Four Noble Truths Philosophy of Buddhism basically looks down on desires and cravings. The solution seems to be: If we can reduce (or even suppress) our desires, then we can reduce our suffering.
But then there are other philosophies under Buddhism where one transforms the desires (cravings) by "shining a light" on them through meditation to the point that we are no longer ruled by them. I think that is an method of attack used in Vajrayana Buddhism or Tantric Buddhism.
The Buddha is said to have given 84,000 teachings for all the different circumstances and development levels of persons. I take that to mean that there are 84,000 different philosophies or recipes, each designed for specific purposes to attack some problem someone may be facing.
Buddhism is actually about realities. That is why it is so universal transcending cultures and nationalities. It even cuts across time and space; meaning, its teachings are timeless, and its explanations, all encompassing.
It may seem Buddhism is so esoteric, with very deep interpretations of many aspects of life and existence. However, if we study deeper, it is actually very simple. The Buddha's message was that we have to do only three things to experience inner peace and a contented life:
1. Reduce greed
2. Reduce hatred
3. Tame our wandering mind
I would consider Buddhism as "Humanism" for the proper conduct of a noble, peaceful, and harmless human life.
Mystism - Direct intimate experience of ultimate reality (god)
by Gary R. Smith 5 years ago
What basic principles for living do religions and philosophies share in common?I would enjoy reading answers from a wide range of perspectives - Buddhism (which has been said to be a philosophy, not a religion), Christianity, Confucianism, Agnosticism, Science - or a personal worldview that is not...
by sandra rinck 10 years ago
The four noble truths:life is suffering- happiness is only temporary:1. suffering- pain, fear and mental distress2. suffering caused by change- while temporarily happy, changes in this illusion cause suffering ie: death, divorce etc. 3. suffering of suffering- not even death is an escape from...
by RFox 8 years ago
1. Buddha is not God.2. Buddha never preached "the word of the God" and never considered himself a prophet. He said repeatedly to his students that he was merely a human being. 3. In teachings the Buddha specifically avoided all discussion of creationism or debates about the existence of...
by Gina Welds Hulse 2 years ago
I believe Buddhism makes me a better Christian. Can one be Buddhist and Christian at same time?Recently I have been battling with the question, "Am I a Christian Buddhist or a Buddhist Christian," and is it even possible to be both? I do believe that there are principles about...
by Thinkaboutit77 10 years ago
All religion and man made philosophies can not give the human heart peace about having a home in heaven immediately upon natural death. Why?Room, what say ye?Don't go off the subject, with ridicule, name calling or other nonsense. Just stick to this subject and answer the question if you can. Thank...
by John Sarkis 4 years ago
Can a philosopher be religious?Schopenhauer says "no." He's one of the first important European atheist thinkers and doesn't consider it feasible, because philosophers must question everything. He does claim that "faith" is one of the things which makes us humans...
|HubPages Device ID|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Google Analytics|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel|
|Google Hosted Libraries|
|Google AdSense Host API|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels|
|Author Google Analytics|
|Amazon Tracking Pixel|