they were referred to as whoever was their father (Abraham son of Terah) (Isaac and Ismael, sons of Abraham) or where they lived (Jesus of Nazareth)
makes it easier to learn the characters of the bible too, with the use of who their fathers were or towns they grew up in I think... I like to play around with their lineages...see who belonged to whom.For instance, one of my favorites characters is Ruth...her great grandson was David! cool huh?
Almost certainly not. Surnames are a relatively recent historical development, going along with increased mobility, and especially increased urbanization. Once, a large proportion of the population lived in small villages; now, most of us live in large cities and know multiple "Daves" and "Sarahs." We need a convenient way to distinguish them. (The bureaucracy, of course, primarily uses numbers nowadays, in the industrialized world at least. It's interesting that in some nations, such as Indonesia, it is not that uncommon for people not to have a surname; perhaps the surname system will not become established in such countries, since a given name and an ID number will be all that's really needed.)
Returning to your question, you'll note that in Scripture, the function of surnames is filled (when necessary) by descriptions. Sometimes these are geographical, as "Joshua the Midianite." (A made-up example.) Sometimes they are relational, as "Joshua, the brother of Matthew." Had they had surnames back then, presumably they would have used them when there was a risk of ambiguity, not the clumsier locutions I mentioned.
In Jewish tradition, even today, a man's full name is, for example, Isaac ben Abraham, where "ben" means son of. And a woman's name would be Rebecca bat Bethuel, where "bat" means daughter. In both cases, the father's name, not the mother's is given.
And, as noted in other comments, people are also identified by a first name plus a home town (Jesus of Nazareth) or an epithet describing something that the person had done, or was famous for, such as Thomas Didymus (Thomas the Twin), or James the Greater and James the lesser.
Today, in public prayers for healing in the synagogue, people are called by their given name, and then son or daughter of their mother's name.
THEIR LAST NAME, WAS USUALLY THE TOWN THEY CAME FROM HENCE JESUS OF NAZARETH
Even today many last names are descriptions. IE Johnson, Wilkerson, Jackson etc or of a job class IE Smith, Weller, Painter etc.
Last names really evolve to what we popularly called surname, in many cases this means family name. Just like the Bible, Jesus is referred to as Jesus son of Joseph or for others it is referred to the place of birth, like Jesus of Nazareth.
Today most last names refers to our father's family name. But there are laws that made it possible to choose your last name.
Some people aren't going to like this but - do characters in fairy tales have last names?
Best I can tell is only Jesus Christ has a first and last name. And I don't think that his mother and step father last name was Christ, for the record. Good question for thinking outside of the box!
by Robie Benve 5 years ago
Why do women change their last name when they get married?Some people give me a hard time because I kept my maiden name. I can't really think of more than one good reason to change my name, to show "family belonging". Other than that... do you know of any other good reasons?
by Mahaveer Sanglikar 4 years ago
First name or last name?While addressing or calling your friends and colleagues , what do you prefer? First name or last name?
by boyatdelhi 9 months ago
What is Satan's last name?
by Michelle 6 years ago
When writing a fiction story, how do you come up/choose last names?
by William Thomas 7 years ago
This question is specifically for Americans. Have you ever noticed and thought about the...segregation of black and white Americans in terms of names? For example blacks tend to have last names like: Green, Thomas, Washington, Jefferson, etc., to a very high degree. I would say 99 out of 100 times,...
by Les Trois Chenes 2 years ago
Why do women STILL change their namesAngelina Jolie has taken Brad Pitt's name but not vie versa. Why do women still change their names - sometimes several times?
Copyright © 2018 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
|HubPages Device ID||This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.|
|Login||This is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.|
|HubPages Traffic Pixel||This is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.|
|Remarketing Pixels||We may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.|
|Conversion Tracking Pixels||We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.|