Why does God in the Old Testament change his name from El to Yahweh?
I believe El is more in line with God, Creator of All Things and used among Gentiles as a title. Yahweh, however, is the name God instructs Moses to use as His identity. It is used most when communicating with the Israelites and represented God's personal relationship with His people. The Hebrews stopped using Yahweh at a certain point because it was considered to be too sacred and violated the commandment of taking the Lord's Name in vain. I believe Adonai, meaning the Lord, was mainly used among Hebrews after that. It doesn't necessarily change, it just has two different meanings.
"I am Jehovah. That is my name;
I give my glory to no one else." - Isaiah 42:8
Actually our Creator has never changed his name. "El," that is, "God" is merely a title like "Mr.," "Doctor," or "Teacher." God's name has been and always will be "Jehovah." ("Yahweh" in Hebrew. Here's his name rendered in other languages -
Arabic - Yahwa
Awabakal - Yehóa
Bugotu - Jihova
Cantonese - Yehwowah
Danish - Jehova
Dutch - Jehovah
Efik - Jehovah
Fijian - Jiova
Finnish - Jehova
French - Jéhovah
Futuna - Ihova
German – Jehova
Greek - Iechová
Hungarian – Jehova
Igbo - Jehova
Italian - Geova
Japanese - Ehoba
Maori - Ihowa
Motu - Iehova
Mwala-Malu - Jihova
Narrinyeri – Jehovah
Nembe - Jihova
Petats - Jihouva
Polish - Jehowa
Portuguese - Jeová
Romanian – Iehova
Samoan - Ieova
Sotho - Jehova
Spanish - Jehová
Swahili - Yehova
Swedish - Jehova
Tahitian – Iehova
Tagalog - Jehova
Tongan - Jihova
Venda - Yehova
Xhosa - uYehova
Yoruba - Jehofah
Zulu - uJehova)
But where in the Bible did any of the Israelites call Yahweh Baal?
“And in that day, declares the LORD, you will call me ‘My Husband,’ and no longer will you call me ‘My Baal.’
Baal was actually a Canaanite deity. He was the son of El.
Except that בַּעְלִֽי (baali) in Hosea 2:16 simply means "master" or "owner." לַבַּ֖עַל (Baal), on the other hand is the proper name of a false god apostate Israelites worshiped.
As I said, both Yahweh and Baal were Canaanite deities and were brothers. Baal was the god the Israelites worshipped.
What is your evidence that Yahweh was a Canaanite god and not the God sedulous Iraelites worshiped?
The problem with the information in your sources is that both Melchizedek and Abraham worshiped Jehovah God, not the deities of the Canaanites. (Genesis 14:18,19; cf. Psalm 83:18)
My point is that the Canaanite god is the Jehovah god. The Israelites adopted Yahweh as their god. Well, Yahweh was given control of Israel so they really had no choice.
Which is incorrect. The facts show that the godly descendants of Abraham worshiped Jehovah not Baal or any other Canaanite deity.
What Jehovah is a Canaanite deity! He did not want people worshiping Baal, his brother. The Israelites confused Baal with Yahweh as they were both storm gods for example Hosea 2:16 More: http://www.the-truth-seekers.org/yahweh.htm
Abraham worshiped Jehovah and Abraham wasn't a Canaanite. This is significant because the nation of Israel were his descendants ergo, they weren't Canaanites and Jehovah was never a Canaanite deity.
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