What steps that parents can/should implement to assure that their child speak and read very
early in their development (9 months to 2 years of age)? In terms of learning, the earlier a child starts the better off he/she will be in school and later in life. Psychologists, educators, and social scientists maintain that the crucial learning periods are THE FIRST 5 years of a child's life. They strongly assert that this is when a child's learning patterns are established for good or for ill. Studies have also shown that the earlier a child can speak, the better off he/she will be. Studies have confirmed that children who speak late ofentimes develop speech difficulties and problems..
As an educational professional, I can tell you that one thing a person should not do is address a small child by cooing all the time. In fact, I am entirely against it, because some parents and grandparents just don't have measure. Talking to a child normally, not too fast and no too slow with clear pronunciation is a way to increase the odds of better and faster language acquisition, but again it is no guarantee that your child will learn faster.
Another crucial thing is to never interrupt a child when he/she is speaking, as this may create problems later on.
You have to keep in mind that some people are just born linguists and that they learn faster and are able to read at four. Speaking and reading at 9-24 months is virtually impossible and a child can be in the telegraphic phase at 2 years old at best (forming phrases but not sentences). From two onwards kids start forming sentences, and by three we can expect to have some children being really good speakers, but most will take longer to form proper sentences that are grammatically correct.
However, at each of these stages, children understand much more than they can say, so the best things to do are:
1. Don't interrupt them when they are expressing themselves
2. Speak clearly and coherently in front of them
3. Read stories to them and ask them questions to ensure they understand you (when they are about two)
The year 4 and 5 are also good to play some memory games with your kids.
I have two children, and they are very different from one another.
My daughter spoke full sentences at 1 year old. She used large words, very mature for her age.
My son knew what he wanted to say and was very intelligent, but he couldn't pronounce the words. He was diagnosed with phonological disorder.
These are some things I did.
1) I played classical music on CDs throughout each pregnancy.
2) I talked to my children and read stories at bedtime during my pregnancy to set up good routine for when they were born.
3) I purchased many books and started a library for my children.
4) After my children were born, I read to them every day. I stayed home with them. I spoke clearly to them as if they were other adults. I never used baby talk or baby babble.
5) I often praised my children. I never used derogatory words or insulted by children.
6) I addressed my children to use their words if they needed something from me, instead of acknowledging their pointing (like babies some time do and grunt for something) or talking for them. I never spoke for my children, I always encouraged them to tell me what they needed even if I knew, because I wanted to strengthen their communication skills.
7) I spoke slowly to them instead of rushing through words expecting them to understand me without becoming frustrated.
8) I set up chalkboard walls in my home and created an art center so they could use their creative imaginations. My children had many toys. I converted the basement in to a play room and invited friends over often. We also hung out at the park with other children as much as possible.
When they were in pre-k, I enrolled them in school. Because my public school had a lottery and could only pick one of my children, I enrolled them in private school.
I ended up homeschooling when my son was diagnosed with Autism so that I could take him to all of the necessary medical appointments and care for him round the clock. I took him to the best hospitals in Boston for speech evaluations and then enrolled him in a local one where I had to take him 2 x a week for 6 months. Then, I enrolled him in public school when I felt he was able to learn without having constant meltdowns and being disruptive to the other students or teacher.
My children are both avid readers. My son speaks fluently in English and Spanish now even though he still needs speech therapy for parts of his disorder.
Please write a hub relating to this. This hub will be required reading for parents who have encountered similar situations with their children. Please write a hub on THIS, it will be appreciated!
What you have presented is an excellent treatise in child development. It is PRICELESS. You are an excellent and insightful parent! A+!
Parents should allow their children to read from an eraly age by on their own free will, and influence children to play smartly. Out door activities and the constant talking from parent to child plays a huge role fro speaking and reading.
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