Did Putin Really Cause America's Inflation?

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  1. Sharlee01 profile image90
    Sharlee01posted 2 years ago

    Biden blames everything but his government spending for the monthly growing inflation. Which now is at 8.5%, a 40-year high.  Biden has gone through painstaking efforts to shirk responsibility for the state of  America's failing economy,  blaming meat conglomerates, oil companies, COVID, port problems, truckers, and now is even blaming Russian President Vladimir Putin. Yes, Tuesday. In a speech addressing the dismal report, Biden blamed "Putin’s price hike" for the rising prices.

    Biden tweets --   "Putin's invasion of Ukraine has driven up gas prices and food prices all over the world," Biden said. "So everything is going up. We saw it in today's inflation data. Seventy percent of the increase in prices in March came from Putin's price hike in gasoline."
    I’m doing everything I can to bring down prices and address the Putin Price Hike.
    5:15 PM · Apr 12, 2022·The White House

    As I stated, Biden’s blame game is not new, it has evolved over the past several months. Actually, his blame game began way back when we first saw inflation starting to accelerate about a year ago, the White House largely downplayed it as "transitory. We were told by many experts,  It should be gone in a couple of months.

    "The overwhelming consensus is it’s going to pop up a little bit and then go back down," Biden said in June 2021 after inflation increased to 5%.  President Biden

    "These disruptions are temporary," Biden said in July 2021 after inflation jumped another 5.4%. President Biden

    "It’s the peak of the crisis," the president said in December after inflation hit a whopping 6.8%. "You’ll see it change sooner, quicker, more rapidly than people think."  President Biden

    At the time, Biden was primarily blaming the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on global supply chains and corporate greed for the rising costs.

    At a Dec. 13 press briefing, White House press secretary Jen Psaki pointed a finger at "the greed of meat conglomerates" for hiking prices on food during the pandemic. The North American Meat Institute later slammed the White House for distorting the "fundamentals of supply and demand."  Source  https://www.foxbusiness.com/politics/bi … -inflation

    Biden’s own economic advisers also reportedly objected to claims that corporate greed is the problem. In February, members of the White House Council of Economic Advisers pushed back against the administration’s claims tying inflation to corporate consolidation and monopoly power, the Washington Post reported.

    THEN ON Feb. 24, Russia INVADED  Ukraine, presenting the White House with two new villains to blame for rising prices: Putin and the oil and gas industry.

    Less than two weeks after the invasion, Biden coined the phrase "Putin price hike" to further cushion the blow from rising inflation and energy prices.

    "I’m going to do everything I can to minimize Putin’s price hike here at home," he said in a March 8 speech announcing a ban on U.S. imports of Russian energy.

    But gas prices were already soaring to levels not seen since the Great Recession before the Russian oil ban. Republicans have blamed the rising prices on Biden’s green energy agenda, including his axing of the Keystone XL pipeline, for bolstering America’s reliance on global oil markets.

    In addition to Biden's energy policies, critics have also blamed Biden’s $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan for the inflation crisis, arguing that the $1,400 stimulus checks sent to Americans quickly overheated the economy. Just before the legislation passed in March 2021.  Larry Summers former Obama economic adviser warned the plan could "set off inflationary pressures of a kind we have not seen in a generation."

    Former Obama economic adviser Steven Rattner slammed the White House’s inflation messaging in a tweet last month, saying Biden needs to "own" his part in the crisis.

    So, any thoughts? Did Putin cause an already growing inflation?

    What excuse will Biden use for the very much possible recession?

    Do you feel we will have a recession?

    It’s Joe Biden’s Inflation
    https://www.wsj.com/articles/its-joe-bi … 1646952656
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions … -not-work/

  2. Ken Burgess profile image76
    Ken Burgessposted 2 years ago

    No one is happier about Putin's invasion than the Biden Administration.

    They are going to blame inflation, soaring energy prices, foot shortages, rising taxes... everything... on Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

    And I expect the bulk of the MSM is going to get lock-step right behind it and support that message.  They are going to pound away at it non-stop until after mid-term elections.

    1. Sharlee01 profile image90
      Sharlee01posted 2 years agoin reply to this

      Yes, I too expect MSM to get on board, but I have been looking around, and they may be the only media outlet that does support his newest blame game.  I think the majority of Americans are done with Biden, many having buyers remorse.

      1. Ken Burgess profile image76
        Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

        There is an interesting theory regarding this:

        https://thepostmillennial.com/rush-limb … rats-biden

        However, if the idea is to replace him with Harris, there would be no clearer sign that the system is totally broken and your vote means absolutely nothing, than if she were to win an election and retain the Presidency.

        We have had some sad cases for VP in the past, but none more incompetent, none more incomprehensible when in front of a microphone, none more ignorant of the facts regarding anything she has been placed "in charge" of. 

        I believe the biggest reason there isn't a call for Biden's resignation from his own Party is the total mistrust and misgivings they have about Harris.

        1. Valeant profile image87
          Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

          Two words...Dan Quayle.   

          On June 15, 1992, Quayle altered 12-year-old student William Figueroa's correct spelling of "potato" to "potatoe" at the Muñoz Rivera Elementary School spelling bee.

          1. Ken Burgess profile image76
            Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this
            1. Valeant profile image87
              Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

              That was one of so many examples of Quayle idiocy.  It's not worth the time to argue.  We can agree to disagree.

    2. Fayetteville Faye profile image60
      Fayetteville Fayeposted 2 years agoin reply to this

      But what would you specifically blame it on? I mean specific policies that have been actually passed?

  3. Sharlee01 profile image90
    Sharlee01posted 2 years ago

    Today the White House is pointing its finger at Governor Abbot of Texas.

    The Biden administration is claiming that Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's inspection of trucks entering the U.S. from Mexico is not only "unnecessary," but contributing to inflation throughout the country.

    In a statement issued Wednesday morning, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said that the delays caused by Abbott's policies were having far-reaching impacts.

    "Governor Abbott’s unnecessary and redundant inspections of trucks transiting ports of entry between Texas and Mexico are causing significant disruptions to the food and automobile supply chains, delaying manufacturing, impacting jobs, and raising prices for families in Texas and across the country.," Psaki said.

    Last week, Abbott directed the Texas Department of Public Safety to carry out "enhanced safety inspections" of vehicles that pass through ports of entry, citing "cartels that smuggle illicit contraband and people across our southern border." Abbott is anticipating an uptick in smuggling when the Biden administration ceases expelling migrants via the Title 42 public health order.

    Really?  Has this idiot ever heard of drug smuggling, as well as human trafficking?

    So, sorry to interrupt the speed at which drugs and migrants can pour in...

  4. Sharlee01 profile image90
    Sharlee01posted 2 years ago

    Wholesale Inflation Soars at 11.2% Rate in March, Largest Gain on Record!
    April 13, 2022  PPI report gives little reason for optimism on inflation

    1. Valeant profile image87
      Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

      Largest gain on record, dating back to 2010....your latest omission of facts to fit a false narrative.

      https://www.thebalance.com/u-s-inflatio … st-3306093

      1. tsmog profile image83
        tsmogposted 2 years agoin reply to this

        Thanks for the link Valeant! Educational and enlightening with great insights for those who are learning.

        1. Valeant profile image87
          Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

          Many here, myself included at times, get fed incomplete information and get so excited that they race to hit the reply button without digging deeper.  Thankfully, a few are willing to admit when their points are flawed, but for some reason that doesn't adjust their overall thinking on a subject.

          Which could be a thread of its own.  What topic have you changed your mind about after getting more detailed information?  I know one for me was Kyle Rittenhouse.  When I listened to the testimony, there was no doubt his self defense claim was valid.

        2. Ken Burgess profile image76
          Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

          The problem with that link, is it is not going to reverse in 2022.

          That is a projection which has already proven false, inflation has only continued to worsen throughout the year, now over 8% monthly and worsening.

          And that does have a lot to do with policies set at the Administration level, things like paying farmers not to farm, rescinding rights to drill for oil, each such decision impacts supply and demand, poor decisions lead to worsening economic factors.

          1. Valeant profile image87
            Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

            When a country that produces as much global oil as Russia cranks up the prices and attacks another country that produces so much food such as Ukraine, in the year after global supply chains were affected by a pandemic, then inflation will get worse.

            And as noted by others, this inflation is on a global scale.  Blaming it on Biden alone is amazingly short-sighted.

            1. Ken Burgess profile image76
              Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

              Ukraine's impact on American food and energy production is nil.

              https://tradingeconomics.com/united-sta … om-ukraine

              Same for Russia

              https://tradingeconomics.com/united-sta … rom-russia

              Now if you want to deflect the matter, I suggest you try pointing out how the Pandemic shut downs caused such disruption (thank those Democratic Governors for slamming their States with draconian measures) and how China's continued suppression of its people is causing major issues.  You could also add the out of control looting of train cars and storage containers in California is having an impact, organized crime in CA is having a field day.

              And of course, as I stated here and elsewhere, so many farmers are being told not to grow crops, thanks to the Biden administration paying them not to farm, and private individuals like Bill Gates buying them up and shutting them down... those farms alone could feed the country.

              https://www.governing.com/now/the-biden … ot-to-farm


              1. Valeant profile image87
                Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                This is like the global oil supply all over again.  When you remove 20% of the global supply, prices are going to go through the roof - thank you Trump for that.

                When you remove Ukraine, who ranks inside the top-10 in multiple food producing areas, from the global markets, the supply drops and the demand increases - globally.  Other countries will dip into the same suppliers that the US uses.  It's economics 101.

                As to your last two links:
                Your own link about Biden paying people not to farm notes that 21 million acres are already in the the program and is a tiny fraction of the land farmed nationwide.  Biden wants to increase the 21 to 25.  Talk about trying to make a mountain out of a molehill.

                From your Bill Gates article:
                'Officially, the general public doesn’t know exactly what Bill Gates’ growing farmland estate is being used for. However, when you read between the lines with an objective and open mind, one can infer much.

                Here are a few “likely” reasons why Bill Gates is scooping up farmland:'

                We 'don't know; and some 'likely things', none of which were what you claimed by the way, doesn't sound very reliable at all.

                1. Ken Burgess profile image76
                  Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                  lol  You're too funny.

                  Its one thing to have a bias, its another to be blinded by it. wink

                  1. Valeant profile image87
                    Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                    So Trump didn't negotiate a deal for five oil producing countries to reduce the global oil supply in April of 2020?  Odd since that is what multiple media, including even Fox News, reported.

                    You're right.  When you have such bias where you can ignore important economic factors that are sure to send inflation skyrocketing, you're blind.

                2. wilderness profile image96
                  wildernessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                  About 15% of our food supply is imported.  If our (food) inflation is due to the higher cost of imported it must have quadrupled in price to give the food inflation we're seeing.

                  And if it did that no one would buy it.

                  1. Valeant profile image87
                    Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                    Overall, yes, 15%.  Some areas are much higher, such as vegetable oils (43%) and meats (27%).

                    An interesting table to show the breakdown:
                    https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/ … d-imports/

                  2. Ken Burgess profile image76
                    Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

                    Of that 15% we are talking about Avocadoes, Bananas, Fish... basically nothing that would be coming from Ukraine.

                    You would be far more accurate saying prices are rising because we are in competition with China for what limited resources there are, especially since we export so much of American produced foods to China.

          2. tsmog profile image83
            tsmogposted 2 years agoin reply to this

            I don't know if true or not with what you predict. I guess we will wait and see.

            But, no matter the historical information with the timeline and the tid-bits of info gives a good bird's eye view of history. That educated me, so I am appreciative.

    2. Sharlee01 profile image90
      Sharlee01posted 2 years agoin reply to this

      Editing my scanty information, my comment lacked facts, and I had meant and thought I had add the link to the headline  ---  Businesses felt the bite from inflation in March as prices for goods and services surged more than expected.
      https://www.barrons.com/articles/inflat … 17?tesla=y

      The producer price index, or PPI, rose 11.2% year over year in March on a non-seasonally adjusted basis, the Labor Department said Wednesday. This is the largest increase since 12-month data were first calculated in November 2010, and follows a 10% increase in February.

      By Anneken Tappe, CNN Business

      US inflation kept moving higher in March and the Producer Price Index is the latest data point showing the price pressure.

      The index, which measures what America’s producers get paid for their goods and services on average over time, rose 11.2% in the year ended in March, not adjusted for seasonal swings, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Wednesday.

      It was the biggest jump in prices since the data series began in November 2010, exceeding analysts’ expectations and the double-digit jumps recorded in the first two months of the year.

      Without energy and food, the PPI stood at 9.2% over the same time frame. Stripping out trade services as well, the index increased 7% over the 12-month period.

      These numbers show that while energy costs play a huge role in the price spikes, there is still plenty of inflation beneath the surface.

      “The end result is likely a big oncoming squeeze in profit margins,” said Peter Boockvar, chief investment officer at Bleakley Advisory Group, in emailed comments. “It’s a good thing earnings season is upon us so we can measure to what extent.”

      Between February and March, prices for finished goods and services rose 1.4% with seasonal adjustments. That was more than expected and more than in each of the prior two months. Over half of the increase seen in goods prices was due to a 5.7% price jump for energy products.

      Diesel fuel prices rose 20.4%, for example, and the cost of gasoline, jet fuel and electrical power also increased. Fresh and dry vegetables, iron and steel scrap got more expensive, as well.

      US oil and gasoline prices soared in March on the back of the Ukraine conflict, which threw a wrench into global commodities markets.

      “Not to be forgotten amidst developments over the past month in Ukraine is that domestic supply chain issues in US food manufacturing are making only staggered progress toward resolution. This supply and demand imbalance will also continue to put upward pressure on food prices for producers, and thus US households, in the coming months,” said PNC senior economist Kurt Rankin.

      Even after stripping out the more volatile components like energy, food and trade services, March prices on finished goods and services increased 0.9%, the biggest jump since January 2021 and almost twice what analysts were expecting.

      Wednesday’s data comes just one day after the Consumer Price Index showed that the cost of consumer goods and services surged by 8.5% year over year, the highest recorded level since 1981.

  5. Nathanville profile image92
    Nathanvilleposted 2 years ago

    And who is to blame for the inflation, Peter Pan? 

    Really!!!!  It’s not just an American problem; it’s a worldwide problem, first the pandemic and now the Russian war with Ukraine has caused inflation worldwide – It’s as simple as that.  Unless of course Trump supporters in America, still suffering from sour grapes because they lost the election, want to use it as yet another excuse to bash Biden.

    From across the pond, in Britain, the current inflation rate is 7%, and is set to rise higher this summer; and it has nothing to do with Biden, like in the USA it’s all related to the disruption in the supply chains caused by the pandemic (and Brexit in the UK), plus the chronic worldwide natural gas shortages caused by the Pandemic and further exasperated by Putin’s invasion of Ukraine.

    So why keep blaming Biden when the whole world is in the same boat?

    1. Credence2 profile image77
      Credence2posted 2 years agoin reply to this

      Thanks for bringing the accurate perspective to the inflation problem: global scale.

      There are many here that would blame Biden for a rainy day....

      1. GA Anderson profile image88
        GA Andersonposted 2 years agoin reply to this

        Well, he did do the rain dance, didn't he?


        1. Valeant profile image87
          Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

          It rained somewhere in the US yesterday.  By right-wing logic, since Biden is in the White House currently, it must have been his fault.

          That about sums up the depth of the arguments being made by the right currently.

          1. GA Anderson profile image88
            GA Andersonposted 2 years agoin reply to this

            Surely you are not expecting an argument. Of course it is Pres. Biden's fault.  Trump wasn't there to do the Sunshine dance.


  6. Valeant profile image87
    Valeantposted 2 years ago

    The West did not just scoff at Putin, they did offer some concessions.  But Putin is a psycho that wants to see the USSR recreated, so he rejected any compromises. 

    And NATO was unified in rejecting Putin's unreasonable demands, so for you to blame solely Biden just shows the same partisanship we see from so many that lean really far to the right on this site.

    'Moscow has demanded guarantees that NATO will never admit Ukraine and other ex-Soviet nations as members and that the alliance will roll back troop deployments in former Soviet bloc nations. Some of these, like the membership pledge, are nonstarters for the U.S. and its allies, creating a seemingly intractable stalemate that many fear can only end in a war.'

    That you cannot even blame Putin one bit mirrors the pro-Russia propaganda we see from Fox News.

    1. Ken Burgess profile image76
      Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

      I would be interested to see what concessions they offered, you must have information that is not publicly available.

      14/02/22 - Vadym Prystaiko clarified earlier remarks about possibly dropping a bid for Nato membership, saying that Kiev would not reconsider its attempt to join the transatlantic military alliance.

      Asked whether or not Ukraine might reconsider its ambitions to join Nato,
      he told the BBC: “No this is not [the case] and I am quite happy that I have this chance to clarify my position.”

      Zelensky said, "We are not afraid of anything and anyone" and will not concede anything.

      Putin's take:

      https://www.cnbc.com/2022/02/01/putin-t … raine.html

      This is what is really going on with this war, my take:

      The U.S. and its allies (the West) are exploiting Ukraine in a longstanding campaign to bleed Russia of economic and military power.

      The war didn't start on February 24th... It started in 2014.

      The Russians spent years trying to solve this on a political level, in fact, there were the Minsk agreements, Minsk II, etc.

      What triggered the invasion, and what you will NEVER hear about in our American MSM is that Zelenskyy was traveling to Western powers demanding support to retake Crimea and in March 2021 adopted into law the decision to reconquer Crimea by force.

      Ukraine had started a build-up of the Ukrainian armored forces in the southern parts of the country and the Russians were aware of this build-up and the intent to take Crimea by force.

      On the 16th of February, Ukraine began a massive artillery bombardment of Russian positions in the Donbas region, and this increase in the shelling was observed by the Border Observer Mission of the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe), they recorded this increase of violation.

      So, for the Russians, Putin in particular, that was the sign that the Ukrainian operation was about to start. Personally I think he was goaded into reacting, and making it look like he was a warmongering tyrant, but Putin has been outmaneuvered by the West for two decades now, so this is no suprise.

      The Russian parliament (the Duma) passed a resolution to recognize the independence of the two self-proclaimed Republics in the Donbas. Putin did so on February 21. After the law (Russian) recognized the independence of the two Republics, Putin signed a friendship and assistance agreement with those two Republics.

      Putin (Russia) did that so that would allow those Republics to ask for military help when Ukraine escalated the conflict. On February  24 when Putin decided to launch the offensive, it attempted to invoke Article 51 of the UN Charter that provides for assistance in case of attack.

      But what Putin never realized it seems, not in 22 years, is that the rules aren't meant for him, they are meant to be used against him.  Russia, nor the people of Crimea, nor the people of the Donbas region, even if they all speak Russian, even if the majority of them are Russian and had always been Russian, can decide for themselves to break away from Ukraine.

      That's not how the game is played, and that's not what "the West" wanted.

      At the end of February, as soon as Zelenskyy indicated that he might be willing to start negotiations, when the negotiations were to take place in Belarus, within hours after Zelenskyy decided that, the European Union (and America) came with a decision to provide for half a billion dollars worth of arms to Ukraine, "the West" worked to prevent a political solution to the conflict, the Russians are aware of that.

      The name of the game is weakening Russia, there have been several studies done by the RAND Corporation on overextending Russia... my concern right now is that because of the economic collapse that we are nearing (as a nation and a global economy)  "the West" is going to escalate this into WWIII... every week that goes by with higher inflation, with more destabilization in most of the rest of the world (including China), I think this becomes more likely.

      1. Valeant profile image87
        Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

        I believe, after looking into your post, that it was a decree about strategies to return Crimea to Ukraine.  But I get your point that Putin would see that as provocation.

        Here is where others view the demands by Putin to be non-starters:
        https://www.euronews.com/my-europe/2022 … st-respond

        1. Ken Burgess profile image76
          Ken Burgessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

          I wrote a few years ago a Hub "Does America Want War With Russia".

          In it I wrote the reasons why Russia and the North Pole region have become so important for "the West" to gain control of.  Of course those figures mentioned were from years ago and the value of those resources are significantly higher today.

          Ultimately, whether you choose to believe Putin is a warmongering lunatic bent on rebuilding the Russian Empire, or whether you believe "the West" has manipulated and maneuvered its way into forcing this war upon Russia is irrelevant.

          The war is here, it grows more likely every day that it will escalate rather than be negotiated into some form of peace.  And it will certainly be used as a political excuse for every bad thing going wrong in our economy.


          https://www.cnn.com/2022/04/17/politics … index.html

          So there you go, Russia is not going to give up Crimea or the Donbas regions, and Zelenskyy is not going to give them up either.  So this will continue until one or the other is thoroughly defeated.

          My understanding is the bulk of the Ukraine Army is surrounded by Russian forces in the Donbas area, and that Russia pulled its efforts from elsewhere in Ukraine to bolster its forces in that area, and will soon begin the systematic destruction of those surrounded Ukrainian forces.

          I expect that Zelenskyy's position (the West) will result in tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Ukrainian soldier deaths in the near future.

          I think this will lead to the increased involvement of "the West" and this in turn will escalate this into WWIII.  And I suspect some level of nuclear weaponry to be used once it escalates.

          I would suggest getting your canned goods stocked up, your water barrels put in place, your backyard garden tended to, and that electric car you were hedging on buying bought... or you might be facing extreme hardships (regardless of how much cash you have stashed away) in the not too distant future.

  7. Valeant profile image87
    Valeantposted 2 years ago

    Another inflationary contributing factor we have not talked about yet:

    https://www.yahoo.com/news/avian-flu-sp … 32245.html

    1. Fayetteville Faye profile image60
      Fayetteville Fayeposted 2 years agoin reply to this

      How about Governor Abbott's latest  act of political theater?

      Hundreds of millions of dollars worth of fruits and vegetables hauled through the southern border wasted after the new inspection program and ensuing protests caused miles-long traffic jams.

      “The damage has been done. I’ve got members reporting that trucks are finally starting to show up that were stuck in those lines for three to five days, and some are saying that product is just unusable, rotten and leaking out of trailers,” said Dante Galeazzi, president and CEO of the Texas International Produce Association.

      He has since reversed his policy but He has already caused large supply chain issues.

      "Governor Abbott's unnecessary and redundant inspections of trucks transiting ports of entry between Texas and Mexico are causing significant disruptions to the food and automobile supply chains, delaying manufacturing, impacting jobs, and raising prices for families in Texas and across the country"

  8. Fayetteville Faye profile image60
    Fayetteville Fayeposted 2 years ago

    We can't ignore the recurring impact of China. They are in the midst of yet another covid shut down. Most manufacturing is at 50% or less. Here we go again with supply chain paralysis.
    https://www.reuters.com/world/china/chi … 022-04-13/

    Also, right here in America we have continued political theater impacting inflation through supply.
    Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's truck inspection policy created a logjam at the border that resulted in $240 million of spoiled produce. 
    He has  caused significant disruptions to the food and automobile supply chains, delaying manufacturing, impacting jobs, and raising prices for families in Texas and across the country. Thankfully he has since walked back his stunt.
    When is this madness going to stop?
    These political stunts aren't helping people but politicians don't seem to care.

    1. wilderness profile image96
      wildernessposted 2 years agoin reply to this

      "When is this madness going to stop?"

      Possibly when we get politicians and a President that takes illegal border crossings seriously and does something to drastically slow the flow.

      Until then states are left on their own to do what little they can (in the face of federal interference) - Abbot's "stunt" was an obvious response to massive waves of illegal crossings.  It was likely a political response to federal inaction as well.

      1. Valeant profile image87
        Valeantposted 2 years agoin reply to this

        Odd that you concede that the asylum laws are one of the things causing this mess at the border, but never hold GOP representatives responsible for trying to amend the law, even when they held both chambers of Congress and the Oval Office in 2016.


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Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)