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What is a DNS Server, DNS Server Address, Errors and DNS Caching

Updated on April 29, 2013

What is a DNS Server: Article Summary

This hub will contain the definition of a DNS Server as well as answers on the frequently ask questions such as what is a DNS, what is a DNS Server Address, and what is DNS Caching, and for what DNS Caching is done.

What is a DNS and DNS Server: Definitions

DNS stands for Domain Name System. Domain names are a unique address written in alphanumeric that are registered in the Domain Name System. Every Domain Name is associated with Top Level Domains or TLD’s such as .com, .org, .net, .edu and .co. Some example of a domain name is the, and Every domain name has an equivalent IP address or the numeric name of the alphanumeric one. For example the is an alphanumeric domain name and it is equivalent to numeric domain name. Both are working when you paste it on the browser address bar. If you type, you will be directed to google’s main page same if you type, you will also be directed to google’s main page. Furthermore, the alphanumeric domain name is just used for people to understand and the numeric domain name is used for the computer to understand. So, when there is queries and exchanging of information in a network or over the internet, the computer servers used the IP address to locate where the query is coming from in order for them to send the response for the query. That is how important IP addresses are. Without the DNS server it might not be possible to communicate over the web, because DNS servers are the ones that is use to hold all the lists of domain names inside the domain name system and its equivalent IP addresses. All web hosting sites has their own sets of DNS Servers that is used to save all the domain names and its specific address registered on them. When a certain domain name or a website is requested by the web surfer, the request will go to the specific DNS server that holds that specific domain name and find the specific IP address for that domain name. This IP address will then be used to locate the website that is requested by the surfer through the DNS server and send the pages to the surfer’s web browser.

RECAP for Better Understanding

Domain Name System – network of Domain Names

Domain Names – is Alphanumeric Domain Name that has equivalent Numeric Domain Name or IP Address

Domain Name Server – has sets of databases that hold all the domain names and its IP addresses, which helps to locate where a certain website can be found and process the request that is requested by the web surfer.

What is a DNS Server Address

DNS server address is the numeric address of a DNS Server. It is also used to know where the DNS server is located. There are numerous ways on how to find the address of a Domain Name Server, one for example if you are using a windows operating system, you just go to CMD or Command Prompt on the accessories inside the all programs in the start button of your computer, and type the ipconfig/all and you can see the DNS server you are connected with.

What is DNS Caching

DNS caching is usually done by both the operating system you are using in your computer and the browsers you use in surfing the web. The main reason for DNS caching is to minimized the time of transferring data when the certain website is just recently visited. By DNS caching, the page load will be fast because it does not need to go to the process all over again such as sending DNS request like the first time the user requested for a certain website.

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