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Updated on April 21, 2012
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Christopher F. Bueno is currently the Dean of the College of Education, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City.

The common notion that “man is a social being” and “No man is an island” defines the nature of group. This indicates that man is not isolated as to the development of particular pattern of behavior as molded by the influence of the group in the society. These are the definitions of group:

1. A group is defined as the interdependence and complementation of the share traditions, beliefs, norms and values.

2. A group is the collective effort of the members in a given society with common aspirations, values and behaviors.

3. A group is an organized members of the society with a given purpose, goal, and mission in the institution

4. A group is the process of interaction and communication of the other members of the society.

In social group, it refers to the social relationships about the role and status as influence by the culture in a society. Usually, the social groups vary from various institution and organization wherein the collective purpose is achieved. It is also created by the professional organizations and associations in business, government and sectoral institutions. The examples of small groups are teams, fraternities, sororities, and other interest groups.


The significance of group is the integration of the acceptable norms of the society including the development of social experiences. These are the gradual individual transformations along the interaction and communication of the groups; the social control; transmission of culture and tradition; and the development of language, behavior and laws of the society.

1. It is a means of social control to conform the acceptable standards in the society .

The individual is strongly influence by collective laws and norms usually imposed by the elders and the institutions. The gradual development of the society has been constantly adhered by the imposition of socially acceptable laws. It also corresponds by the formulation of sanctions from those who would violate by the imposed law of the community. It neutralizes the social threats in the formation of stable society.

2. The group transmits the norms, traditions, beliefs and values of a given culture .

The society exists by the interaction of social groups. It is the social transmitter indicates along the development of traditions and cultures. The social interaction may now shape as stable group and constantly evolved by the process of socialization, acculturation and amalgamation including outside influence that may affect the development of the culture.

3, The group provides the development of personal influence as it interacts with the other members of the society.

The individual mingles by certain group of society. This is the basis of development of personality as it learns the norms, laws, beliefs, fads, values and other cultural values of the community .In psychology, the development of personality is the result of interaction of the social environment. It transmits the human activities and defines the personality of the individual as influenced by the attitudes, behavior and values in the society.

4.The group creates and modifies the social environment based on common culture and tradition.

The society is shaped by the group who has been providing the creation of common tradition and culture. This is done by the amalgamation and acculturation of the social groups including the intervening complementation of the physical environment. Finally, the social modification translates by the discovery and invention; and physical adaptation of environment. The social results may also come in by the collective societal beliefs about their understanding and experience of supernatural beings through religion and morality. The human adaptation has its own flexibility and dynamism as to the conformed behavioural actions that later on collectively define the culture and tradition as it transformed to an ethnic group.

5. The group is the sources of ideas and information through the interaction and communication of the members of the society.

The concept of interaction and communication provides the ingredient of the social transformation of the society. The individual learns the developed language and manage to teach them with the offspring. Likewise, it is the basis to communicate with other members of the group based on the result of the development of language. The language provides the conformity on the human sensory to analyze the social ideas of the collective group of people in the community.



The common membership of the group is what we call in-group . It defines the social orientation along feeling of belongingness and companionship. The social preference of the in-group derives from group associations. The opposite side of this is the out-group , it connotes more on an antagonistic group that sometimes create group conflicts such as the existence of fraternities.

There are those groups that may identify certain level of reference based on political and economic affiliations. This group is called reference group that characterize by the idea of recognition and respect among other members of society. There are also the small grouping of the society which consider as the peer group .

In at larger scale of social interaction of the group, the voluntary association entails the membership of individual or group such as the regional associations, military organizations and other voluntary organization.


The social group is further classified according primary group and secondary group. The primary group responds to the face-to-face communication which is more personal and intimate in nature. While the secondary group entails the formal communication in business or government organization. The organization position and designation gives credence in the way the group communicate each other.


The group provides specific form as to the nature of interaction in the society. The nature of social group is either informal group or formal group. When the social interaction responds to the shared emotions, beliefs and sentiments of the members of the group then it is called informal groups . The advantage of this group is the sense of belongingness as interacts the common social interests and issues in the society. On the other hand, the formal organization adheres the rigid formal structure wherein the line authority in the position is respected in the organizational structure. It is therefore created by the organizational communication in public and private organization with formal sets of philosophy, mission, vision and goals as adhered by the motive for profit or service-oriented enterprise.

Finally, the concept of the Gemeinschaft and Gesselschaft formulated by Ferdinand Tonnies may also form part on the nature of social groups . The Gemeinschaft considers the social interaction of the rural areas or communities wherein the set of values, beliefs, norms, culture and tradition is deeply embedded by the way they communicate each other. While the Gesselschaft recognizes the distinct feature in urban areas as the social groups are characterize by formal, impersonal and fragmented relationships. Usually, it considers the highly sophisticated culture, and impersonal way of social interaction.


These are the important concepts we should know about the study of group along role and status of the society :

Social Role is the expected social position based on the particular status of the individual played in a given institution or organization. There is an expected behavior pattern that connects to a particular role. These are some definitions of role : (1) It is a pattern of expected behavioral actions in the society; (2) It is a designation or position with a cloth of authority as prescribe by the organization

The role has it form as it plays in the societal interaction. The separation and departure to a vocation or career may be called as role exit . The prefix term as former or ex exemplifies the notion of role exit . While social functions on the multiple roles in the society which creates behavioural conflict and confusion is called role conflict . The dual role on social affection and friendship creates serious implication in applying the assigned organizational authority and power which is called role strain.

Social Status is the enforcement of organizational designation and position that needs to utilize the impersonal way of communication. The CEOs, presidents, supervisors, or managers may require the other members of the group to recognize the impersonal way to communicate in the organization. It requires the utmost respect to their assigned organizational positions.



The Basic Concepts of Culture in Sociology and Anthropology

The Human Evolution and Development

Areas of Sociology

The Characteristics of Culture

The Concept of Beliefs in Sociology and Anthropology


The Meaning and Concept of Tradition

The Definition of Group

Group : Its Nature, Principle and Concept in the Development of Society


The Social Phenomenology of Human Reciprocity and Generosity

The Defining Moment of Human Freedom and Integrity of the Arab Nations

The Social Phenomenology of the "Rise and Fall Syndrome" in the Arab World

The Contemporary International Politics of the Weberian Dialectics on Religion and Social Class

Human Vanity ( Ethics, Morality and Political Culture)

The Easter Reminder of our Beloved Father on Greed and Vanity

Emotional Attachment in the Power of Love

.The Family-Oriented Approach to Human Development: A Social Equity Model for “Family Empowerment”

8 Common Characteristics of the Human Society in Year 2020


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      ABC 4 years ago

      very good information. I like it. It would rather be better if you had given the sourses of information to individual idea mentioned,...

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      udonya Augustine 5 years ago

      Am greatful for this article