Wind, sand, tides, sky, history, shifting borders: so many elements seem to be in competition here at Bray-Dunes, like combinations of elements of abstract art exploding onto the temporal landscape.
The Downtown area of Gatineau, Québec / Quebec — Le Promenade des Voyageurs / Voyageurs Pathway — is truly a vantage point for some spectacular views.
This building in Woodsville, New Hampshire, executed in Romanesque Revival style, stands at a significant angle at the intersection of two important streets.
Within sight of Cologne's deeply memorable Cathedral, Cologne/Bonn's Airport, named for long-serving, former Chancellor Dr. Konrad Adenauer, by its naming, stirs profound footfalls in the collective memory of Germans: this is for reasons which even 50 years after his death may be hard to articulate.
The Westersingel is a surviving and revitalized moat and boulevard from the 19th century, in Downtown Rotterdam. W. N. Rose (1801-1877) is usually credited with the main responsibility for its creation.
Recently refurbished, the Walper Hotel at the intersection of Kitchener's King and Queen Streets has various historic features and associations.
The Medieval origin Church of St. Andrew in Norfolk's Gorleston-on-Sea has a 27.4 metre flint tower which has in the past been used as a lookout over the North Sea.
This sedate Neoclassical structure in Dublin, Ireland, known as Iveagh House / Teach Uíbh Eachach, is the seat of the Republic of Ireland's Department of Foreign Affairs. It was designed by Richard Cassels (1690-1751).
Inaccessible and isolated are words which readily come to mind when considering the village of Bonson in the Var Valley in the South of France.
With a prominent tower topped by an octagonal cupola, Old St. Paul's Church, Woodstock, which dates from 1834, combines a number of interesting stylistic features.
Distinguished architect Henri Evers designed the Remonstrantse Kerk, in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Interestingly, his father-in-law was the minister of its congregation. Remonstrants have a long history in The Netherlands.
There is some living Medieval history in the Liège street named for a former Prince-Bishop.
The spire and tower of Saint-Hilaire church, dating from 1857, dominate the skyline of the northern French town of Halluin, but other, very different ideas have been historically dominant locally.
The Armoury in Brampton, Ontario, the home of a regiment of which HRH The Duke of Kent is Colonel-in-Chief, has historic associations, but among these the horrors on the Somme in World War One cannot be overlooked.
This historic London property has associations with Francisco de Miranda and Simón Bolívar, personalities deeply linked with the independence movements of Latin American republics. These associations remained relevant to those who engaged in whatever kind of business with Latin America.
A building in Liège, Belgium, over a century old and known as the Hôtel Rigo, in Neo-Mosan style, has been demolished despite a public outcry.
From the R-100 airship to Errol Boyd - the 'Lindbergh of Canada' - Aéroport Montréal Saint-Hubert Longueuil / Montreal Saint-Hubert Longueuil Airport has many historic associations.
Waters, granite and basalt come together at a locality linked to the far past
Henry Fehr was a British/Swiss sculptor who was responsible for the Eastbourne War Memorial, unveiled in 1920.
Stretching nearly three kilometres, the historic Jacques Cartier Bridge / Pont Jacques-Cartier opened in 1930 and is once of the historic crossings of the Saint-Lawrence / Saint-Laurent.
This Second Empire style, two storey building in Brampton, Ontario, dates from circa 1860; a stucco exterior was added in the 20th century.
Dutch, French, German and English — whether horizontally or vertically — are or have been in at times explosive concoction near this Belgian aviation facility.
Juxtaposed between the Alps and the Mediterranean, Vallauris can boast of a highly scenic location to its many visitors.
With its prominent spire, St Paul's Church, Sketty, Swansea, and close to a busy crossroads, is one of the district's most prominent landmarks.
Close to where the I-81 crosses the Potomac at Williamsport Station is where a famous Civil War standoff and series of skirmishes occurred, sometimes referred to as the Battle of Williamsport; it harbours an intriguing and little known fact of history going back to George Washington.
50 metres of spire crown this Gothic building, prominent in the Reading slyline since the 1860s. Named Christ Church - as is also its Diocesan Cathedral - its architect was Henry Woodyer (1816-1896).
An Art Deco monument in Luxembourg City, which saw the dark years of Nazi German Occupation, its interesting historical associations include visits from US Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Bradley.
Gothic is often thought to be traditional, but this 21st Century building at Malvern, Scarborough is executed in a strong expression of this time-honoured style.
The Delisle Riever is not long, and neither is it an exclusively Quebec river; but, rising in Ontario, its course runs through predominantly Francophone territory, emptying into the Saint-Lawrence.
The First Presbyterian Church of North East, Pennsylvania evidences strongly Gothic Revival features; the current building dates from 1885, while the congregation itself claims its origins in 1801.
Named for a prominent Medieval Lollard preacher, Wycliffe Baptist Church exhibits a combination of architectural styles.
Heer-Agimont is a border village in Belgium, adjacent to the French town of Givet. It combines a scenic location on the Meuse with some intriguing historical associations.
Among the oldest of canal workings in North America, Coteau-du-Lac was once of great military and subsequently commercial significance, situated as it is on the Saint-Lawrence River.
There are balconies galore at this hotel in Eastbourne, East Sussex, England, which are redolent not only of the Victorian era but also of typical scenes in Australia or New Zealand.
A conspicuous Greek Revival frontage is present at the former First National Bank building in Lake Street, in Pennsylvania's North East, which a local tourist trail includes in its route.
A baptist chapel with Gothic arching and an hexagonal window — in a building rebuilt in the 19th century — dates from the 17th century, linked with John Miles, later serving in Swansea, Massachusetts
The Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge and Mount Mansfield, in Vermont's Green Mountains, are both special places: the Missisquoi flows into Lake Champlain; the Green Mountains are a state leitmotif.
Prolific designers of London churches were responsible for this Gothic building, dating from 1899, executed in red brick and effusing a strong sense of solidity.
In an area which was the subject of careful study and rival claims in the 18th century, Orchard Beach is known for its bracing winds; carefully controlled fishing opportunities exist in the locality.
Charles Goutant — a French Senator and architect — designed this opulent Town Hall at Givet in Louis XIII style: a work of art as much as an office building, it was opened by the Minister of Culture.
This chapel in the Welsh town of Hay-on-Wye continues to thrive; historically, its congregation at its inception was associated with Primitive Methodists with a reputation for vibrancy.
This fascinating Museum, housed in an 18th century house in Maldonado, Uruguay, has memories of the historical figure Garibaldi, who lived for a number of years in Uruguay.
An officially bilingual village in Belgium, situated on the outskirts of Armentières, France, features in the painful history of the anti-Nazi resistance in World War Two.
Elegant and precise lines in Neoclassical and Prairie style are to be found at North East's McCord Memorial Library, in Pennsylvania's Erie County. The building dates from 1916, the Library from 1899.
An 1894 Victorian library building was saved from the bulldozer after strong opposition from residents of Willesden Green, London.
The architect of Tourcoing's Hôtel de ville, Charles Maillard, worked in the 1870s on the tower and spire of Bousbecque's Saint-Martin church building; he produced a very conspicuous landmark.
This late 19th century Gothic structure effuses permanence and solidity at a locality which seems strongly to symbolize natural movement and human transience.
Borderlands Made in Germany are not what English-speaking readers familiar with the Cold War are led to expect. Orsbach - within Aachen's city limits - has features mirrored in adjoining Dutch Limburg
For nearly 2 centuries a congregation has been based at what is now the intersection of O'Connor Drive and Pape Avenue, East York. The present building's features are strongly Gothic.
The history of Bray-Dunes, with its wind and sand dunes, seems to be underlain by tense, psychological forces that humanity has forced on the local topography.
The founder of Uruguayan nationality is commemorated at the historic Dragones barracks in Maldonado; José Gervasio Artigas's legacy inspires Uruguayans to this day.
This ornate, former department store in Brussels, Belgium, dating from 1899, now houses a museum of musical instruments.
The confluence of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers occurs at Pointe-des-Cascades, Québec; here also a park displays a collection of ships' anchors.
Before the Modernist movement swept through the design of public buildings, istructures such as large stations typically reflected traditional styles; at Ramsgate, Kent, the Neoclassical predominates.
Dating from the 16th century, and decommissioned from military use only in recent years, Givet's Fort de Charlemont, overlooking the Meuse, is associated with some larger than life historical figures.
Reality, artificiality, reflection, obscurity: at Meer van Overijse-Genval / Lac de Genval, Belgian adminsitrators seem to be reveaked as the high priests of perception manipulation.
With a profusion of typically Gothic features such as pinnacles and arches, Longueuil's Co-Cathedral has been a very conspicuous landmark since the late 19th century.
Bombed during the World Wars, St James's Church Dover, though now a ruin, preserves some fine, Norman architectural features.
This building in Saverne, eastern France, recalls some tumultuous personal and social history and seems very grand for a clergyman's residence; it was unfinished at the time of the French Revolution.
The environs of a prominent hill near Montreal contain a National Park; the municipality's name has a complicated history.
Part of the former home and backyard of a U.S. Congressman, Little Zavikon Island, situated extremely close to the US-Canada border in the St Lawrence River, is in the Thousand Islands archipelago.
A bewilderingly complex religious and administrative background underlies this massive Cathedral's post-18th century history.
Silent witnesses to a famous gateway to England, the White Cliffs of Dover continue to impress the traveller to and from the European Continent, providing a strategic location to Dover Castle.
The Battle of Vianden raged on November 19, 1944, while nebulous relations between Luxembourg socialists and trade unionists and the OSS seemingly underlay events prior to the Battle of the Bulge.
A border community encompasses several, intriguing elements which seem to comprise a microcosm of varied directions, waters and roads.
Stones are a real leitmotif here: whether underfoot now or as footfalls in memory; this Belgian hillside village seems like one that time has forgotten.
Comines, France is a criss-cross of boundaries, while remaining in the heart of historic Flanders.
Sheringham Park was landscaped by Humphrey Repton; it is probably best known for its rhododendrons which draw many visitors to the Park every springtime.
Methodists were already active in Uruguay in the 19th century; this imposing Methodist church building in Gothic style dates from 1913.
Restored by distinguished Dutch architect PJH Cuypers in the 19th century, Sint-Catharinakapel in the old part of Lemiers, Limburg, is redolent of solidity and permanence.
The National Presbyterian Museum is housed in a solid, Gothic church building in Toronto's Riverdale neighbourhood; some of the Museum's Bible collection are hundreds of years old.
Spanish and Portuguese, indigenous peoples and Uruguayan patriots have all played hardball around this remarkable hill in southern Uruguay, historically a kaleidoscope of competing influences.
Built in an era when functionalist design was less widespread, Sault-Ste-Marie's Old Federal Building is situated on the site of Old Fort Brady.
A museum lightship moored in Lübeck, Germany is a reminder of a wholesome, German maritime humanitarian tradition. Remembering also a friendship between writer Siegfried Lenz and former Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt.
An inland lagoon in Uruguay reflects light, hills and history. Nearby Punta del Este - whose airport is named for Laguna del Sauce - served as an ideological crucible pitting JFK against Che Guevara.
Claude Debussy and Frank Bridge are just some of the noteworthy musical figures associated with this hotel, completed 1877, & known as the White Palace, by architect Robert Knott Blessley (1833-1923).
An aerial gateway city is planning more than to double its human population by the number of trees it plants over the next decade.
Dr. Louis Duhamel was known as a promoter of the French language; he owned this property at 179, Promenade du Portage, Gatineau, which, in its refurbished form, demonstrates interesting features.
Gatineau's urban lake is an unexpected feature of a city which deserves to be much better known.
These Gardens were originally the creation of landscape architect Ludovico Winter, and have for many decades served as a source of shade and tranquility to citizens of Ventimiglia.
Warm, cool, bracing, mild, lonely, highly frequented: a small Uruguayan resort harbours more complexities than may at first be apparent.
Fine style and historical allusion come together at this building in a leading Uruguayan resort city in Maldonado department.
The Belgian authorities took care: to avoid air pollution, create a distance between King Leopold II and his private life, and use spellings acknowledging both of Belgium's main language communities.
A conspicuous mountain in Blackfoot territory lies near Babb, Montana, on the edge of Glacier-Waterton International Peace Park and close to the Canadian border. It has some interesting associations.
The mid-20th century saw the eruption of controversy around the first alleged, then confessed, spying activities of Kim Philby, affable British diplomat and MI6 operative.
A quiet hamlet, near historic villages, was the focus of worldwide attention in 2003; official handling of the death of a famous resident has distasteful parallels with the Lusitania Enquiry of 1915.
'Aerotropolis' at Calgary inherits a long tradition of business confidence and functions as an intercontinental crossroads.
Have you driven a 169.49 litre V16 vehicle lately? Realistically, you are unlikely to do so, as this huge guzzler is now on permanent display by the visitor centre at Sparwood, British Columbia.
This Lake and Mountain are at the heart of highly impressive scenes. The name 'Crowsnest' is an Anglicized version of First Nations' observation of ravens in the Mountain's vicinity.
A Medieval warrior bishop decided that he needed a militarily defensible, second Cathedral. Its distinctive tower is still a major landmark in the city of Digne-lès-Bains.
This Alpine-style cottage, once belonging to the prominent, local Vivian family, served in its early years as a dame school. It recently underwent a program of restoration.
These brightly coloured, sedimentary rocks make for a popular destination in the summer months, although somewhat inaccessible during winter.
From the town, if at all, an octagonal tower rises above surrounding trees, which otherwise hide the hilltop Abbey building.
Named for an eccentric, monocle-wearing son-in-law of Canadian Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper
Long known to First Nations, the Crossnest Pass was first travelled by a European, Michael Phillipps, in 1873, who journeyed West to East, now commemorated by British Columbian Point of Interest signs
A huge Swiss-style chalet in a scenically unique setting: recalling an almost vanished railroad past. Named for Edward, Prince of Wales who, as a local ranch owner, had strong links with Alberta
Ostensibly a communication facility strictly within metropolitan France, Steenwerck Station's proximity to the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium is a reminder of a turbulent, local history.
Ideological opponents dropping metaphorical and literal bombs? Too troubling to probe the past at the Glacis Chapel? Does a disturbing aspect to its genius loci lurk there as a perennial leitmotif?
Too much like an ecclesiastical structure? a building which maybe raises too many questions. (But I like it.)
Distance and reserve between rulers and the ruled is an old fashioned notion. But can setting them aside also involve, in some circumstances, erosion of wider perceptions of monarchical impartiality?
These ancient plane trees in Cannes, France, have been features of the urban landscape for the generations of visitors; after World War Two they were named for General Charles de Gaulle.
The Gave de Pau is a rapidly flowing body of water in a very scenic setting; rising in the Pyrenees, it passes through Lourdes.
Flag of England FlagPictures.org Witan College, Reading 'Andrew Smith', 'geograph.org.uk', Creative Commons A-SA 2.0, wikimedia.org Having been acquired in the early years of the 20th century (1), the former London Road site of what is now Reading...
Flag of France FlagPictures.org Panoramic view of the Metro and of Sacré-Cœur church, Paris (at the beginning of the 20th century) 'EV No. 455'. 'User:Claude Villetaneuse', 'Scanned by Claude Shoshany', public domain, wikimedia.org Boulevard...
Flag of England FlagPictures.org Bethesda Gospel Hall In Rectory Road, Coltishall 'Evelyn Simak', 'geograph.org.uk', Creative Commons A-SA 2.0, wikimedia.org This building, of sedate, Georgian appearance, dates from 1842. When it was erected,...
Flag of Italy FlagPictures.org France viewed from Grimaldi, Italy. In the background may be seen the city of Menton and its Old Port (to the left of the photo). 'User:Rundvald', public domain, wikimedia.org One of the really interesting features...
Reading: John English, The Worldly Years: The Life of Lester Pearson 1949-1972, Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 1992, p.p. 473 ... This magisterial work is the second of John English's two volume biography of Canadian Prime Minister the Right...
Why the Var Department is not geographically contiguous with the Var River Valley: this article seeks to explain!
Civilian victims of war depicted in a solemn work which speaks soberly of deeply negative aspects of the human condition in the 20th century
Impressive buildings imbued with seeming, architectural contradictions
The Proveniersingel is a peaceful, green area close to the Downtown area of Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Liege's fluvial geography speaks much of the history of the city, at the confluence of the Meuse and Ourthe rivers.
Flag of The Netherlands FlagPictures.org Church of Bocholtz, Simpelveld, The Netherlands 'User:Boches', Creative Commons A-SA 3.0, wikimedia.org Bocholtz is located in the Dutch province of Limburg (1), The Netherlands. This village lies close to...
Flag of France FlagPictures.org Flag of Bray-Dunes 'User:Pichasso', GNU / Creative Commons A-SA 3.0, wikipedia.org No, this is not Gabon! This hub is not just about to give impressions of a visit to equatorial Africa (it's never been my privilege to...
Solidity and permanence characterize this 1859 building in Oxford Road, Reading, Berkshire, which evidences strong Gothic features.
Almost phoney borders, and memories from the Phoney War
A high conspicuous and historic monument, the crowning feature of the world's widest street, in a gracious capital city.
Subtle, Dutch complexities and memories at a 1938 building in Eindhoven, put to multiple uses: sometimes involving some less than transparent soul-searching?
An Argentinian admiral and an Uruguayan architect — both of them distinguished — are recalled at the Port of Buceo, Montevideo.
The Baby Canon, as it is called, located in Kitchener's Waterloo Park,has an interesting history, of which many passers-by will be unaware.
This historic structure recalls a German Mennonite pioneer in the Waterloo district; it dates from 1820, having served as the area's first schoolhouse.
This stone church building dates from the 16th century, when Roissy-en-France was very much a rural locality; but today the Greater Paris area has long encroached upon the municipality's borders.
This lighthouse at Gorleston-on-Sea, Norfolk, which dates from 1878 and overlooks the North Sea, is still a very conspicuous landmark.
The legacy of Independence-era leader General Artigas continues to stir feelings among Uruguayans at his mausoleum in Montevideo.
A bell towered former late 19th century schoolhouse, Ebenezer Hall is now a community centre; once part of Toronto Gore Township, it falls within the boundaries of the City of Brampton.
Edward Delaney's poignant statue of Wolfe Tone at the corner of St Stephen's Green in Dublin: deeply significant for the Republican idea in Ireland
As might be expected, the log cabin Welcome Center at Route 2, West Alburgh, Vermont, is a mine of useful information for visitors, especially out-of-state and Canadian ones, to the area of northern Vermont where Alburgh (1), on a peninsula in Lake...
The Korean Veterans' Memorial Bridge crosses Lake Champlain, and is dedicated to those who served in a pivotal conflict several decades ago that is now sometimes forgotten.
Elegant, 18th century structure beside the Liffey, Dublin, formerly symbolized British rule but is now a symbol of the Republic of Ireland.
Canadians achieved something big and deep on French soil. The Canadian National Vimy Memorial reminds visitors of a huge sacrifice.
Hidden tensions and historic dualities underlie this portion of the Lys Valley at Halluin.
One of the world's most memorable landmarks, it is a tribute not only to the idealism of President Thomas Jefferson but also to the determination of President Franklin D. Roosevelt to complete the project in the face of strong opposition.
The fine belfry which the Town Hall (French: Mairie) of Armentières, France, possesses, is actually the latest among various belfries which have existed in the town. The original, Medieval belfry was demolished in the 15th century. Then, in...
This amazing building was the tallest in the world between 1647 and 1874. But its history is rather more complex.
A Canadair T-33 aircraft is mounted in front of the main terminal at London International Airport in London, Canada, bringing reflections on local aviation history.
The most picturesque town of Monschau, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen ) is situated on the Rur River. But wait a minute, the visitor might say. Doesn't the name of this river sound...
Geneva University (French: Université de Genèv e), which in 2009 commemorated its 450th anniversary, was founded in 1559 as the Geneva Academy by theologians John Calvin and Theodore Beza. Indeed, Beza (known in French as Théodore de Bèze ) is...
Colonial monument which soon became an ecclesiastical landmark in a flourishing Republic.
This remarkable Medieval chapel is striking not only for its origins many centuries in the past but also because of its location: cleft in rock in Luxembourg City's Pétrusse Valley. Some history and features This chapel is...
Vallauris has many memories of artist Pablo Picasso and is known by its many visitors as a centre for the ceramics industry.
This fine building in Luxembourg City dates from 1858-1860. It architect was Antoine Hartmann, who is acknowledged to have worked in a neo-Renaissance, neo-Gothic and neo-Classical styles. Prior to this time, the Grand Duchy's parliamentary...
With its monumental, memorable cathedral, Cologne is also a city where Dr Konrad Adenauer, towering figure of 20th century German history, is remembered.
The names Don Benito Juárez and Don Venustiano Carranza feature strongly in the distinguished annals of Mexican history. Mexico City's main airport and the suburb in which it is located bear the names of these notable historical figures.
A striking, religious monument in an intriguing borderland town.
This house in Kitchener, Ontario, now a National Historic Site of Canada, was the boyhood home of veteran Prime Minister of Canada William Lyon Mackenzie King
Charles Garnier's amazing Opéra de Paris can take one's breath away for its sheer opulence.
For graduate studies, this small scale Cambridge College contrasts with monumental Colleges of the University such as Churchill or Trinity. Belonging to it is 19th century 'Arts and Crafts' Elmside.
Historical accounts of Singleton Abbey and its Park and their associations with prominent personalities read like a cross-section of United Kingdom history
The old terminal building of the former Croydon airport, near London, England, has been turned into a restaurant; outside is the airframe of a de Havilland Heron on a plinth.
This Greek Revival building by Sir Robert Smirke, facing London's famous Trafalgar Square, dates from the early 19th century, but for many decades has had a remarkable historic association with Canada
Scenically striking and historically absorbing, Beachy Head also maintains something of a sinister reputation also.
Coo has a waterfall, Belgium's largest, with a height of 15 metres. It is situated on the Amblève River . It consists of a principal waterfall, supplemented by a smaller one, the volume of which may vary considerably. A theme park,...
The United Methodist Church on Queen Street East, Toronto, is grandly proportioned enough to be regarded as a Cathedral, which it is not.
Woodland walks have long been planted on territory near the Franco-Belgian border which once resonated with the fierce sounds of World War One battles.
The City Hall, in Aachen, Germany, dates partly from the 14th century; it is associated with the award of the Charlemagne Peace Prize, which provokes varied historical reflection.
The Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) at rue Laurier , Gatineau, Quebec, otherwise known as the Maison du Citoyen (House of the Citizen), is striking for the sheer range of services: cultural and municipal, that are offered here. Here in Gatineau, the...
In 1919 Luxembourg's Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde (1894-1924) abdicated. Subsequently, so did several of her successors as head of state. But Marie-Adélaïde 's departure was different. Hers was not of her own accord. In short, the...
This distinguished example of traditional university architecture in Reading, Berkshire, England, was opened in 1908. History of Reading University The original Reading University Extension College was founded in 1892 by Christ...
The Commonwealth War Memorial at Ploegsteert, Belgium, close to the French border, is magnificent. But, then, well it should be, one could say, given the wholesale slaughter which occurred in the district in World War One. The cemetery and memorial...
Bivels, part of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg's Canton of Vianden, has been the subject of interest to artists. Two well known representations, one a sketch, the other an oil painting, are respectively by the celebrated French writer Victor Hugo...
I wasn't sure where I was. As I walked on the main Vaals-Maastricht road and looking up at the hill to my right — seemingly so untypical of The Netherlands — I reckoned from my map that the hill, with its big, towered ecclesiastical building,...
This is the brief story of a surprise. The vicinity of Jefferson County, New York's Lake of the Isles is one that the traveller might go through, rather than to, because of its close proximity to the Canadian border. This is a pity, because the...
Fine craftsmanship, the memories of historic conflicts and hints of sinister, ends-justifying betrayals — perhaps even elementally inherent to territories of transition — all here at Saint-Amand-les-Eaux?
From Mount Royal — and particularly from the Belvedere — may be obtained fine vistas of a great North American city on the St. Lawrence River.
Many aviation buffs have followed with interest the history of the Schneider Trophy, the successful participation of Supermarine, the company which later produced the Spitfire, used in World War 2. Monaco's hosting of the Schneider Trophy for 1913...
Icelanders used to come here regularly, the local businessman in Bray-Dunes told me. Afterwards I realized that the reference was to fishermen who sailed to the seas off Iceland.
The name The Glass City recalls the shimmering image of Toledo, Ohio, reflected in Lake Erie, and is apt as a reminder of one of the city's chief industries.