Before 2017, no one had shot below 63 in one of golf's major championships until Branden Grace shot a 62 in the British Open. Johnny Miller was the first to card a 63 in a major. Since then, 34 players have equaled this score on 37 separate occasions.
The FIRE (Financial Independence, Retire Early) movement has gained traction in recent years. The best retirement account for early retirement is the 457 account.
Alternative energy fields promise to create thousands of sustainable jobs in the United States over the next decade.
When it comes to investing, it's easy to forget dividends when calculating total returns. Dividends can help provide passive income that can replace income from work.
Earlier this month, I received an email from HubPages noting that I had reached my second anniversary with the site.
Many people have a fundamental misunderstanding of what history actually is. The work of historians is much more involved than just accumulating a bunch of facts. What exactly do historians do?
Many people argue that the American Founding Fathers were interested in keeping government weak. Is this a correct view? As in most historical arguments, the answer is pretty complicated.
American fast food workers called for an August 29, 2013 strike to protest low wages. These workers are calling for raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour. President Obama wants to raise it to $9.
Who does not like lasagna? I'm sure there are a few people out there who don't, but many people would hold lasagna as one of their favorite meals. As far as pasta dishes lasagna takes the cake.
One of the most unique race tracks on the NASCAR circuit is the Pocono Raceway. This track, located in Long Pond, PA, is known for its unique triangular layout.
The biggest and baddest track on the NASCAR Sprint Cup circuit is the Talladega Superspeedway. Those who like fast cars and close-quarters racing will enjoy watching a race held at Talladega.
Grand Forks is a city that sits right across the river from Minnesota in North Dakota. It is just over 70 miles from the Canadian border. There are three golf courses open to the public.
Most Americans want to own a home so that they feel that they've achieved the American Dream. While owning a home is a big aspiration, renting can sometimes make more financial sense.
Saving money for college is getting more expensive by the year. Those who have children who are about to embark on getting a higher education need to start saving money now if they have not done so.
The current job market has not been terrible good for workers. Many people are thrilled just to have a job. Therefore, they are very reluctant to leave a sure thing for a new job.
The oldest speedway on the NASCAR circuit, Darlington Raceway was the first stock car track to exceed one mile in length. The track held its first Southern 500 in 1950 on Labor Day.
A home is the most expensive investment that many people will make in their entire lives. There are many options when it comes to taking out a home mortgage.
One of the most popular tracks in NASCAR is the Charlotte Motor Speedway. Three weekends a year, the track is host to the top stock car racing series in the nation.
The oldest track on the NASCAR circuit is Martinsville Speedway. It also has the distinction of being the shortest track on the Sprint Cup circuit at 0.526-mile.
Getting a new home can be near impossible for most people without taking out a mortgage. There are several steps that people have to take to make sure that they can get a good mortgage.
Going back to grad school is a choice that many people are making with the current economic situation. Getting an advanced degree can be fulfilling, but it is important to find a way to pay for it.
NASCAR is a popular sport. Millions of fans attend races on an annual basis, and new fans show up each year. Here are some tips on what to take to your first automobile race.
One of the most important assets that people can have is their credit score. A high credit score allows people to have much more financial flexibility than those who have a lower score.
Many pundits on television news programs talk about inflation and how it causes the value of the dollar to go down. Most people think this is a bad thing for everyone, but is it?
Many Christians fall on the conservative side of the political spectrum. Some of these individuals are very critical of President Obama. The attacks seem to get very personal and crude.
Politicians frequently try to rewrite state history standards over concerns that historians focus too much on minorities and the common folk. Is this an attempt to remove the founders from history?
When looking to go on vacation to interesting areas of the world, many Americans are starting to turn to the volunteer vacation. These trips are great ways to both help people and learn a new culture.
Watch any conservative pundit on Fox News, and the hero of all seems to be Ronald Reagan. It is almost as if the 40th president has been beatified. Would these same pundits support Reagan today?
Back in the late '90s, I worked at a major regional grocery chain. There were rumbles that automated check lanes were about to become the norm. I must admit that I feared for my job.
The goal of racing is to go as fast as possible. NASCAR found that this goal could lead to the possibility of injuring fans and drivers. Then they instituted restrictor plates to slow cars down.
Many an adult can remember their childhood and the fun that collecting football cards provided. While most of the football cards from the 1980s were overproduced, there are many that are worth money.
College can be one of the more expensive endeavors people can embark on. There are ways, however, to get paid to go to college. Getting paid will help cut debt later on.
Attending graduation is a great way to complete a college career. Of course, not everyone shows up at their own graduation. So, is attending graduation a must or an option?
Many Americans enjoy travel. One of the easiest ways to travel without going paying full price is through the use of frequent flyer miles and hotel points.
Many people who are new to golf may think the scorecard looks like a bunch of numbers with no rhyme or reason. Here are tips to help golf newbies read a scorecard.
The official rules of Facebook state that users are supposed to be 13 years old. Many parents allow their kids to start Facebooking well before their 13th birthday. Is this appropriate?
One of the most dangerous weather conditions to survive is a blizzard. The very cold temperatures make hypothermia a risk. The poor visibility and heavy snow drifts can get people lost very quickly. Staying indoors is best, but here are some tips that can help you survive a blizzard.
Just about every blogger on the blogosphere, unless they are writing for a very specialized personal audience, wants to drive traffic to their blog. Guest posting can definitely help in this regard.
Summer is a great time for kids to get a job and make some money while also getting some useful experience for the future. Here are some ideas for homeschoolers to get a summer job.
Like all other sports, the best NASCAR drivers of all time are measured in wins and championships. From 1949 to the present, drivers of varying ability have tried to achieve the ultimate racing prize.
When most people think of the top ten golfers of all time, Tiger Woods or Jack Nicklaus are likely to come to mind. However, there are many golfers from much earlier eras that deserve a look.
During the current economic downturn, many people lost jobs that supported a solid standard of living. Should these people work part-time while looking for full-time work?
The capital city of North Dakota is Bismarck. This wonderful city is a great hub for exploring more of the state, and there are several attractions in Bismarck worth checking out.
When people think if Fargo, they think of cold weather. While winters can get quite chilly, Fargo can actually be a great vacation destination with lots of opportunities for fun.
What to do in North Dakota? Many people think the state is a barren wasteland with nothing but snow and ice for 8 months of the year. There is much to do in this Northern Plains state.
Historians agree that one of them more significant events in colonial America was the religious revival known as the Great Awakening.
Grand Forks International Airport, also known as Mark Andrews Field is one of the busiest airports in the United States as a result of the University of North Dakota's flight school.
Those traveling by air to the tropical paradise of Aruba can expect to spend some time at the Reina Beatrix airport. Those coming from America can expect to spent more time on the return.
Scholars are among the more respected people in many societies. The road to becoming scholarly can be quite lengthy. Here are some tips to successfully becoming a scholar.
Americans are spending more on on energy now than they have throughout much of the nation's history. By using some quick fixes, people can save on the expense incurred to heat and cool their homes.
Many quarterbacks are hot properties for a handful of years. Football card collectors flock to get their cards. The really good quarterbacks have staying power that will not wear off.
Short tracks on the NASCAR Monster Energy Cup circuit are some of the more popular races in the series. Martinsville, Richmond, and Bristol provide some up-close and personal racing.
There are several ways to buy NASCAR tickets. Here are a few tips to getting the best seats at the next NASCAR race.
Should you rent or buy? This is one of the biggest questions a young family can ask. Here are additional questions that can help answer the big question.
An increasing number of people are using blogging as a method of supplemental income. Advertising can play a large part in earning money through blogging.
American exceptionalism, the belief that America has a special destiny, has been a popular, yet controversial idea in the nation's history.
What is the difference between a traditional and a Roth IRA? Does one make more sense for investors who are looking to retire early?
Most people think the Rockies have the best ski areas in the US. Those in the East will want to check out the slopes in West Virginia.
Moms are not the only people who are working at home. Today, more and more dads are starting to work at home for some or all of their income.
Valentine's Day can be a stressful time for husbands. With this great gift ideas, any husband can find a special gift for his special spouse.
Luxury vacations seem out of the reach of most Americans. With frequent flyer miles and hotel points, I got a vacation to Aruba for less than $300.
Playing golf can be frustrating for beginners. These easy tips can make it more enjoyable for just about any golfer.
Financial freedom is elusive for many people, but by sticking to these five tips, just about anyone can have less financial stress in their life.
Many people question the decision to homeschool. A number of studies show that homeschooled students actually perform as well or better than their peers.
When it comes to the winter months, those who like amusement parks are limited in their options. The Mall of America in Minnesota has an indoor park with 27 rides and attractions.
The busiest airport in West Virginia is located less than five miles from the capital city of Charleston. Yeager Airport, formerly known as Kanawha Airport, is named for General Chuck Yeager, the military pilot who was the first person to break the sound barrier.
There is only one major hotel in the capital city of Oranjestad. This hotel is the Renaissance Aruba Resort and Casino. The Renaissance is a member of the Marriott family of hotels, and visitors will appreciate some of the higher-end amenities.
There is no doubt that a college degree will pay off for most people in the long run, but there can be very good reasons for people not to go to college, especially right out of high school.
Baking on the beach is fun, but there is usually quite a bit more to see on Aruba that can interest just about anyone. The Discover Aruba tour by De Palm Tours is a great option to see many of the major sites on the island.
Getting into graduate school is possibly more competitive now than it ever has been. Those who follow a few easy steps can find themselves coming to the top of the pile of applications for a small handful of open positions.
It is difficult to achieve financial independence. With a bit of discipline, it can be done, however. Here are a few tips to paying off debt and building a solid savings account.
Lynyrd Skynyrd is one of the few classic bands that have actually held up over time. Their Southern Rock style still appeals to fans of all ages and tastes.
In a year at HubPages, I've published many hubs. I've also earned a few bucks along the way. I'm hoping my second year is twice as successful.
Roller Coasters can by way scary to the uninitiated. Here are some tips that should keep riders calm and safe as they ride a scary coaster.
Retirement seems like a pipe dream to many Americans today. A large number of Americans saw their level of retirement savings fall in the Great Recession. Pay attention to these tips to retire early.
The average cost of college tuition has been increasing at a rate that has greatly exceeded the general inflation rate for the past few decades. Students can expect a sticker price of over $22,000 if they get no financial aid. In spite of the increase in average college tuition, there are some...
Buying and selling cards on eBay is not much different than buying or selling anything else on the online auction giant. The first thing that prospective buyers or sellers need is an eBay account. After signing up, users can then post their items for sale or bid or purchase cards.
Flying is expensive for those who pay full price. However, with tons of ways to earn frequent flyer miles, it's not usually necessary to pay for anything but taxes. Successful mile collectors can earn hundreds of thousands of miles by using a combination of the tips noted in this article.
People of all ages love to ride roller coasters. I've seen people in their sixties and seventies on them. There are few things that can excite grown adults like a great coaster. Those who choose to ride without hands separate themselves from the average coaster rider. Because of physics, it's...
I've ridden quite a few roller coasters in my life. In spite of all of these rides over the past 25 years, my favorite is still the Beast at Kings Island in Ohio. Over 45 million riders have experienced this amazing ride over the past 33 years.
I first saw the advertisements for Duck Dynasty in the early part of 2012. Never before had I seen so much facial hair. ZZ Top only has two excessively bearded men. The fellows at Duck Commander all have beards that can compete with the veteran rockers from Texas
When people think of the Czech Republic, the capital city of Prague usually comes to mind. The "City of a Thousand Spires" is quite impressive. Prague is quite expensive, however. Food can cost as much as twice what it does in the outlying areas of the Czech Republic. There are many other cities...
The Men Who Built America is a new 4-part miniseries that is currently airing on Tuesday nights on the History Channel. While much of what is now on the History Channel, such as Ice Road Truckers and Ancient Aliens, does not actually qualify as history, this miniseries definitely qualifies as...
One of the most cataclysmic events in English history was the beheading of King Charles I for treason. This led to the beginning of a period known as the Interregnum, and the rule of Oliver Cromwell, and later his son Richard, was so unpopular that it led to the reestablishment of the monarchy...
American society has greatly changed over the past thirty to forty years. In years gone by, most people could expect to get a job out of high school and then stay with one, or maybe two, companies throughout their working lives. After working 35 to 40 years, they would then retire to enjoy their...
The Glorious Revolution was in effect a coup d'etat that occurred in late seventeenth-century England. It saw the "abdication" of King James II and the rise of the joint monarchy of William and Mary. The revolution is called glorious because it was achieved without bloodshed and because it...
Many Americans love road trips. Most of these lovers of long drives tend to focus their activities in their native land of the United States. The massive country of Canada is just above the northern border, and road trips in the northern neighbor of the United States can be a new and enjoyable...
One of the few states in the entire United States that has not had major problems because of the Great Recession is North Dakota. The unemployment rate is less that half of the national average. There is a giant government surplus. There is opportunity for those who are willing to take a risk....
Every four years, the American public go to the polls to vote for their favorite candidates. For most of these elections, the person with the most votes wins. In the case of the presidential election, the person with the most votes may not actually win the election. Just ask Al Gore, Andrew...
Every October 12, the United States and several other countries have a holiday. Traditionally, this has been held in honor of Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World. It was on this date that the fleet of the Genoese explorer that was on the edge of a mutiny sighted land in the distance....
Today, in much of the world, a computer is no longer a luxury. It is a necessity. There are many opportunities for education and employment that utilize computers, or some derivative like tablets or smart phones. Making money is much easier with a computer because of the ability to sell and answer...
Most people who coach basketball will never show up on television coaching the Lakers or the Celtics. Most coaches can be found just trying to help kids develop their skills in rec leagues and middle schools across the country. It can easily be argued that these coaches are often the most...
One of the biggest pains in travel since the advent of enhanced security measures can be standing in the TSA security line at an airport and then having to unload everything in a carry-on bag for investigation. The biggest pain in travel is having to throw away a health or hygiene product that is...
One of the sports most associated with the upper crust of society is golf. The sport's origins as an upper class game generally played in exclusive clubs that rejected the lower sort did nothing to alleviate this idea of the sport. Increasingly, however, less expensive public courses have opened...
The best strategy for dealing with jet lag is trying to get adjusted to the new time zone as quickly as possible, especially for those who have trouble sleeping on an airplane. The most tempting strategy for dealing with jet lag after a long flight is to take a long nap in the hotel bed. However,...
There are no free rides in life, but there are very inexpensive vacations. Researching hotels and utilizing loyalty programs such as frequent flyer accounts can lead to vacations that cost pennies on the dollar. The best thing about these cheap vacations is that just about anyone can score one...
Many people think a degree in history is a bad move. What can one possibly do with such a job? Aren't most people "living" as adjuncts because there are no jobs anymore? These are definitely good questions to ask. While there are not as many tenure track jobs for historians as there were in the...
This article will focus upon the tracks that host Sprint Cup races over the course of a year. The stats of the various tracks vary widely, as do the seating arrangements. Most provide fans a great experience as the cars reach up to 200 miles per hour on the straight stretches of several tracks.
The acronym NFL stands for the National Football League, the most popular professional sports league in the United States. Many people who are not of American extraction may confuse the term "football" with futbol, or soccer. The NFL started operations in 1920 as the American Professional Football...
Those who know about African safaris know that Kenya is one of the leading countries for such a holiday. This nation that was formerly a part of British East Africa ranks near the top of sub-Saharan safari destinations, along with its East African neighbor of Tanzania and South Africa. Massai Mara...
Most people equate conservative Christians with the current Tea Party movement. Theologically conservative scholar Carl Trueman isn't sure that should necessarily be the case. Here is a review of his 2010 book Republocrat.
I've previously written hubs discussing who were the best and worst presidents in American history. Now, I've decided to provide a handy list of presidents that includes the years that they served as president and a few interesting facts about each.
n Domestic Service and Gender, Tim Meldrum argued that the idea of separate spheres between domestic servants and their masters is largely inaccurate. In this social history, Meldrum drew extensively from church court records for his evidence, although he also used some diaries, most notably that...
Some people may feel that it's a bad time to buy a house because of the economic uncertainty. Actually, it's probably more likely that right now could be the best opportunity to buy a house that will be available for some time. Here are a couple of really good reasons why it might be time to buy.
Pope Formosus was the only Pope Formosus. Hence, there is no I, V, or XIV after his name. He died and had his body exhumed and put on trial. Not having uttered a defense, he was declared guilty.
Salt Lake City is the capital and largest city in the state of Utah. The city has a population of approximately 190,000. The city got its start when Brigham Young led early Mormons into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. There are impressive mountains on three sides of the city that provide a...
Many people are quick to argue in the current political climate that either George W. Bush or Barack Obama has been the worst president ever in US history. They are wrong. The questions remain, however. "Who was the best president?" and "How is the best president determined?"
Today, many Americans watch the History Channel. One of the frequent topics on this particular outlet for entertainment is the role of the Freemasons in the rise of America. Books have been written on the subject--some with a level of scholarship, others...not so much. Regardless of whether George...
Amusement parks are in short supply in West Virginia. In fact, the only one in the state is Camden Park, just outside of Huntington, which has origins dating to 1903. While it's not the biggest park out there, it can still provide a fun day for kids or a nostalgic day for adults.
Paying off debt early is always a good idea. However, what debt is best to pay off first. This article will give some pros and cons of paying off a mortgage early.
People are frequently scared of many of the bad things that can happen to them. They wonder where the safest place on earth is. My guess is Antarctica. There are few people, few animals, and few diseases.
I'm still a relative newbie at this hubbing thing, but I've learned a thing or ten about the site and making money through it. The major thing I've learned in six months is that there is a snowball effect for both traffic and revenue.
Many people in America and other nations travel on a frequent basis. The wealthy may travel for pleasure regularly. Those involved in business often have to make trips to deal with clients in person. For most people, the jetsetters live in a world unknown to them. Just because the jetsetting class...
Every year, hundreds of thousands of American youths begin the rite of passage known as college. Many of them know exactly what they want to do with their lives--some of them are mistaken. Others have absolutely no clue as to what type of career they desire. For many, college looks like the logical...
An understanding of Puritanism is quite important for gaining an understanding contemporary Western society. Another problem in tracing the thread of Puritanism is the extensive number of articles and books that historians and other humanists or social scientists have written on the topic. In spite...
When I began collecting cards, a wax pack of 15 to 17 cards and a stick of a very hard, somewhat sticky substance that attempted to pass as gum sold for a whopping 35 cents. A rack pack of 45 cards cost a buck. I can remember when the 1985 Eric Davis Topps rookie card ran up to $20 when he was the...
Every time that someone in America talks of raising taxes on basically anything, a certain segment of the population mentions the famous quote by Winston Churchill about not being able to tax a nation into prosperity. Cutting out tax loopholes is considered a tax increase. Allowing tax cuts to...
When most Americans think of Puritans, they tend to think of guys who wear black all day, every day. They also think of people who were against anything that might result in fun. The caricature of the Puritans is actually far from correct.
The year was 1996. It was my first opportunity to vote in a presidential election. The major candidates that year were the Democrat Bill Clinton and the Republican Robert Dole. I voted for neither. I tend to have a propensity of utilizing my vote in ways that most people would call wasteful. I...
It just hit me – like a truck – that I’ve just become two figure blogger. I have to confess that I stole this sentence, except for the two figure bit. A couple of years ago, I decided to try my hand at blogging to see if I could make a bit of cash on the side as I was about to start grad...
Recently, I was turned on to a site called picmonkey. Although not terribly unique, picmonkey is a very user-friendly site that allows for very quick "improvements" through a process of online digital photo editing. No registration or payment is necessary for use the site. Visitors can start their...
After a decline in tension after the Boston Massacre, the British made a few policy decisions that inflamed animosity with their North American colonies. Among these bad moves was the Tea Act of 1773.
Many people take the flush toilet for granted. This is truly a great invention with an interesting history all its own that includes a special holiday--World Toilet Day. Find out some interesting facts on the flush toilet here.
In The American Revolution Considered as a Social Movement, J. Franklin Jameson argued that there was an important social component to this seminal event in United States history. The thesis of this work that was compiled from a series of four lectures was that "many economic desires, many social...
The Seven Years’ War was in many ways a watershed in imperial history. The war sowed the seeds for both the end of the first empire and the beginning of the second empire. The original colonies in British North America perceived their rights eroding from British attempts at taxation, while the...
What should new college teachers expect? How should they set up their classes? Carolyn Lieberg gives many good tips in this book.
This hub reviews The Century of Revolution, written by one of the leading scholars of seventeenth-century British history.
I can remember the days of my youth. Although baseball was never my favorite sport to play or watch, from about nine years of age, I can remember looking forward to coming home after school on the first Monday in April to watch the first game of the baseball season.
When thinking of the worst president in US history, many Americans think about the recent past and name Donald Trump or Barack Obama. However, most historians look back to a run of really bad presidents around the Civil War era, with the notable exception of Abraham Lincoln.
There is great debate over how much government is necessary. What is government, and why do we have it?
Most states in the United States hold primary elections to nominate presidential candidates. Some states hold to an older caucus system. Here is a quick overview of some of the differences between the primary and caucus systems.
Christopher Hill wrote extensively on seventeenth-century Britain. The Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution looked at how ideas provided the milieu for the coming of the revolution.
Amboseli National Park in the East African nation of Kenya provides an excellent opportunity for visitors to experience African wildlife in its natural habitat. While the park is known for its large packs of elephants, its position in the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro also provides impressive...
This is the final installment in my review of historians and the many ways in which they've interpreted the English Reformation.
The fifth installment of my historiography of the English Reformation. This hub looks at some of those authors considered post-revisionist in their interpretation.
Today, there seems to be a growing libertarian movement in the United States. Would this vision for America work? Thomas Jefferson was the most libertarian president in US history. Is the world of Jefferson much different than the one we inhabit today?
Beginning in the 1960s and 1970s, revisionist historians began to look at the English Reformation differently than had their predecessors. Revisionists argued that the Reformation was forced upon the reluctant Catholic masses.
Later Whig historians who studied the English Reformation saw the movement as coming from the people. Some, however, like Geoffrey Elton saw it as being forced from above. Elton argued that Thomas Cromwell was more influential than even Henry VIII in bringing about the break with Rome.
One of the earliest views of the English Reformation involved viewing the Reformation as a spontaneous movement from the masses below. This popular movement led to a breakdown in religious hierarchy, which contributed to the move toward a more democratic society. There are problems with this view.
Historians have interpreted the English Reformation in many ways. Here is the first part of an essay tracing some of the main arguments.
The Tudor era in English/British history is often considered the beginning of the early modern period. Many changes took place in English society between the invasion of William of Normandy (the Conqueror) and the successful coup carried out by Henry Tudor.
The Super Bowl and the NFL season are over. What is a sports fan to do? The Daytona 500 provides a great diversion in a season that has few really great sporting events.
Kids like macaroni and cheese. Parents tend to like Mexican. Why not combine the two?
You may have a problem with all of the commercialism out there this and every Christmas season. However, when you think you've got it bad, just think, you could've lived during the era of the Puritans and gotten fined for celebrating such a pagan holiday.
One of the most beautiful cities in Central Europe is Prague, Czech Republic. When visiting Prague, tourists need to be sure to check out the Old Town Square, which includes landmarks such as the Old Town Hall, Our Lady before Tyn Church, and the Jan Hus monument.
Mark Kishlansky's book provides a great overview of the long Stuart era in England. This book is a historical look at the early Stuarts, the Interregnum and Oliver Cromwell, the Restoration Monarchs and the Glorious Revolution. Britain changed much during this long seventeenth century.
Historians have noted the rise in church membership that characterized the post-World War II era. I wonder why this is the case. Were these people more pro-Jesus or pro-America/anti-commuunist?
When visiting Prague, Czech Republic, church history enthusiasts will want to visit Bethlehem Chapel. This fourteenth-century church is a short and cheap visit for the interested tourist.
Is an interest-only loan a good option? That largely depends upon your future plans. Do you plan to move within a couple of years or do you plan to stay in a home until retirement and then cash out?
The Puritans are a much misunderstood group. Perry Miller, himself an atheist, attempted to understand them on their own terms. What resulted was a surprisingly sympathetic look at the Puritans.